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Latest Facts on Diabetes

Updated on April 13, 2015

Disturbing Facts on the growth of Diabetes

As you know diabetes affects millions of people globally, in fact, that number is around 382 million people worldwide.

Type 1 diabetes is an auto-immune disease and often does not have any symptoms, while Type 2 is mainly driven by lifestyle and aligned to obesity. There are so many people in the world who do not realise that they have this condition - over a million of them live in the UK.

Type 2 diabetes is on the rise in every country and for those with diabetes or at risk of developing it, diet becomes crucial.

  • Diabetes in Asian people is five times the rate of white people and India is becoming the diabetes capital of the world.
  • Apple shaped body and insulin resistance is the main reason for diabetes increase in Indians.
  • Diabetes causes six deaths every minute and worldwide, one in 20 deaths is due to the disease.
  • Type 1 diabetes affects over 70 000 children under the age of 15 annually.

But exercise and healthy eating can reduce 50% of the risk.

Super Foods for Diabetics - MSHealth News

Mediterranean Diet dramatically lowers risk of Diabetes

American College of Cardiology revealed in their 2014 Annual Meeting that eating a Mediterranean diet is linked to a 21% lower risk of developing diabetes and a 27% reduction in risk among people at risk of cardiovascular disease.

This lowered risk factor remains true across all population groups.

The Mediterranean diet is heavy in fresh fruits, wholegrains and vegetables, beans, nuts, fish, eggs, olive oil and a glass of red wine. Yay.

Generally one limits red meat to no more than a few times a month, eat plenty of fish and eggs, eat poultry at most twice a week and use spices and herbs to flavour food rather than salt.

Eat seasonally, and cook your food in the same manner it's cooked by those countries on the Mediterranean.

Refined carbs lack nutrients and can play havoc with your blood sugar so the right thing to do is eat whole wheat or quinoa..

Sip espresso after meals to aid digestion or drink a green tea and mint.

The Mediterranean diet guards against obesity and is linked to weight loss, lower blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels, thereby reducing the risk of heart disease and related death.

Nuts in all their varieties are good for you, however, almonds are higher in protein, fiber, calcium, vitamin E, riboflavin and niacin when compared ounce for ounce. Almonds in particular are known to confer heart-protective, anti-carcinogenic and anti-inflammatory properties. A Chinese doctor told me that eating 8 almonds at night helps with many kidney and bladder problems.

Diabetes cases have doubled globally over the last 30 years and this is linked to the growing obesity epidemic.

The reason diabetics have trouble controlling their blood sugar is either because they do not produce insulin or their bodies are unable to use it properly.

When uncontrolled, diabetes leads to complications such as blindness, kidney failure, cardiovascular disease and amputations.

How to balance your Mediterranean Diet
How to balance your Mediterranean Diet | Source

Best Diet for Type2 Diabetes - Dan Solomon

Diabetes Wonder Drugs

As diabetes is so entrenched, research into ways of handling the disease or condition is ongoing.

The new drug Canagliflozin or Invokana, taken once a day is vital in the battle against Type 2 diabetes and it complications, especially for those for whom the usual medicines and lifestyle procedures do not work well enough.

Within the next 10 years, an implant which will work like an artificial pancreas will help all Type 1 insulin dependent diabetics and some Type 2 who need daily injections. It will be surgically implanted into the abdomen and releases precise amounts of insulin into the bloodstream.

New risk of diabetes after giving Birth

It has long been known that not losing ‘baby weight’ for a couple of years after pregnancy carries the future risk of diabetes and heart disease.

Researchers at Mount Sinai Hospital tested this theory and found that those women who lost some of their ‘baby weight’ within the first year following birth remained healthy, while those women who put on weight in postpartum year, showed a clear increase in risk factors for diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

Clearly the idea is to lose excess weight within the first 12 months postpartum to be safe.

Preventing Type 2 Diabetes

This life-altering condition is often preventable if you:

· Eat a healthy diet e.g. the Mediterranean Diet

· Exercise for 30 minutes, five days a week

· Keep a level, healthy weight

· Talk to your Doctor about being screened for pre-diabetes – as lifestyle changes and medication can prevent the progression to type 2 diabetes.

Who should be screened for Pre-diabetes?

Overweight adults age 45 and older and those under 45 who have one or more of the following risks:

  • Habitually physically inactive
  • Previously told they have impaired glucose tolerance
  • A family history of diabetes
  • Had gestational diabetes or given birth to a child weighing more than 9 lbs
  • Have high blood pressure
  • Have polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Have a history of vascular disease.
  • Elevated cholesterol

The Myth of Diabetes and Blood Sugars - Eric Berg

Are your Blood Sugars out of Control?

If you have diabetes, check your levels every day with a meter. Preferably on waking before you eat anything. Write the results down, in order that your Doctor can see how you respond to treatment.

1. Frequent urination and thirst are two classic diabetes signs caused by too much sugar in the blood.

2. Fatigue – especially after a big meal

3. Feeling dizzy or shaky is a sign of low blood sugar, which can be life threatening if not addressed.

4. If you have high blood pressure and diabetes you risk damage to your kidneys and as water builds up, you hands and feet may swell.

5. Numbness or tingling in your hands and feet can be another sign of chronically high sugars.

6. High blood sugar can cause blurred vision, spots, lines or flashing lights and if this is your problem have your eyes checked now.

7. Losing weight quickly without trying or doing anything different may be a sign of high blood sugar.

8. Recurring infections

9. Cuts and Bruises are slow to heal

If you already have diabetes, taking care of yourself to avoid the catastrophic effects of unmonitored diabetes is relatively easy once you get into a routine.

If you believe you may be pre-disposed to diabetes, please look after your body, watch your eating habits and see your doctor. Don't become a statistic.


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    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 3 years ago from Houston, Texas

      This is a good reminder to take our health seriously and do what we can to avoid conditions such as diabetes. Giving this a tweet!

    • CyberShelley profile image

      Shelley Watson 3 years ago

      DDE - Thank you for visiting and your comments - my mother got diabetes in her 60's, so I am too am careful.

      billybuc - Thank you for stopping by and the kind words of encouragement.

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 3 years ago from Olympia, WA

      It is so important that these articles be written. You are doing a fine service for others with this well-researched article.

    • DDE profile image

      Devika Primić 3 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

      Hi CyberShelly the Mediterranean Diet is my favorite and my mom has diabetes so I try to prevent that by eating healthy and correctly. An informative and useful hub.