ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Legacy of the Pennhurst Children

Updated on October 9, 2021
Phyllis Doyle profile image

Phyllis believes society should be more aware of the history of psychiatric hospitals and the stigma of mental illness.

The Legacy of the Pennhurst Children is one Society Should Never Forget.

Madonna of the Stairs, by Michelangelo, Florence, Casa Buonarotti, circa 1490, is his earliest know work.
Madonna of the Stairs, by Michelangelo, Florence, Casa Buonarotti, circa 1490, is his earliest know work. | Source

Pennhurst State School and Hospital, 1934

Pennhurst State School and Hospital in 1934
Pennhurst State School and Hospital in 1934 | Source

Suffer the Children

The legacy of the Pennhurst children is one that society should never forget.The children of Pennhurst State School and Hospital in Pennsylvania were placed there because their families were ashamed of them, could not handle them, did not know how to care for them, or in some cases the parents had no say in the matter.

Originally called Eastern Pennsylvania State Institution for the Feeble-Minded and Epileptic, the hospital was built in the early 1900s.

Suffer Little children

Matthew 19 KJV

13.Then were there brought unto him little children, that he should put his hands on them, and pray: and the disciples rebuked them.

14. But Jesus said, Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven.

Madonna and Child by Michelangelo, 1504

Madonna and Child. Brügge, Belgium
Madonna and Child. Brügge, Belgium | Source

The Baby, Spring of 1910 - a Short Fiction Story

A young couple, expecting their first child, were filled with joy and love. They waited anxiously for their baby to arrive into their loving arms. It was such a happy time -- they had been blessed with good fortune and now another blessing, a child, was soon to be there for them, to fill their home with the delightful sound of a child's laugh and the pitter patter of little feet.

In the early morning hours, on a beautiful spring day, the child arrived. A baby boy that looked like a little cherub, rosy pink, with startlingly beautiful features, dark fine hair, and a perfect little body.

The first few months were such a joy for everyone with a tiny new member of the family being shown off, cuddled, sang to, and rocked to sleep. Such a good baby he was, so quiet and never fussed too much. A delightful baby who rarely cried and lay in his crib, often turning his head towards the sunny window. At night, the baby slept peacefully.

Thirty years later, the baby still slept peacefully in a crib at night and turned his head towards any bright light. The body grew, yet the mind did not. He could not speak, nor see, nor hear. Because he was never taken from the crib, never taught how to walk or make his body function, he could do nothing but lay there. The muscles of his legs never developed and he still kept them pulled up to his body as a baby does. His arms were weak, his hands in a permanent fist.

As he lay in the crib, did he remember what it was like to once have been held and loved? Did his mind wander back to the days when he was little and cuddled in his mother's arms? No one knew -- for no one ever spoke with him, played with him, or helped him. He was fed, bathed, changed. Nothing else was ever given to him.

The parents of the child did not want to care for a baby that was not normal. They could not see beyond the obvious health issues into the heart and soul of the child, nor did they once think that the child needed tender loving care and specialized training. The rest of the family members were ashamed and never spoke of "the child". A nurse was hired to care for the child and never took him out of the nursery. The child was to be kept hidden -- for to let the child be seen in society would be shameful for the wealthy and respected family.

This was not the precious baby they had so longed for. When it was discovered that the child was blind and deaf, no one wanted to care for him. The parents were ashamed, devastated, and took a doctor's advice to put the "poor thing" in an asylum where "it would get the care it needed". He was no longer a baby or a child to be loved, he was now called a "poor thing".

The family gave up the child and never spoke of him again, nor did any relatives. The child, forgotten and unloved, lay in his crib for thirty years, never again to be in the arms of anyone who loved him. When the child died from pneumonia, he was buried in the hospital cemetery. The only marker on the grave was a small rectangle flat stone with a number on it -- no name, no dates, only a number marked the place where the child was laid to rest.

~ ~ ~

Too Unreal ?

Does this story sound too unreal, too fictitious, too bizarre for the twentieth century? Of course it does, to many people who think these things could never happen in America. However, it did happen to many children from families of all walks of life. Hospitals for the mentally ill, like Pennhurst State School and Hospital and many others, had children locked within their walls for years because nobody wanted to bother caring for them or helping them. It was much easier to simply "put them away" and forget about them.

There are kind, caring people who work hard to bring back some sense of dignity to those who lie in unmarked grave yards of old and abandoned mental hospitals. They do heavy research, search and search files and paperwork, until they can identify a person who was buried and forgotten. New markers with names and dates are placed on the graves of forgotten souls. This is an honorable and much appreciated task many people have taken on. Old cemeteries are cleaned up, weeded, new plants put in, and a respect for the departed is restored.

Has society and the medical profession learned anything from these forgotten and unloved children? Is there a legacy left to us by these children of the past who suffered and knew no love?

Guardian Angel, by Pietro da Cortona, 1656

Guardian angel, by Pietro da Cortona, 1656
Guardian angel, by Pietro da Cortona, 1656 | Source


Yes, there is a legacy -- a legacy so profound that it should awaken the deepest love in even a cold heart. From the tortured minds and souls of those forgotten children whose families were ashamed of, came the legacy of how important love is. A study conducted on infant monkeys and led by Kim Bard of the University of Portsmouth in England, has greatly helped in knowing that love is crucial for the psychological and mental health of a child.

There is also the legacy left to the medical profession, which has improved dramatically since those cold dark days of shunning mental illness. There have been astounding and empathetical giant steps forward in the psychiatric, therapeutic and medical fields. The all too common cases of clinical depression are now looked deeper into and treated properly. Physical deformities are no longer considered something untreatable or shunned. The sorrow and pain of irreversible cases such as blindness and deafness can be overcome with proper training and loving care.

A child is no longer "put away" for even the most simple things, such as a speech impediment, as was done in the distant past. People who were born blind, deaf or physically impaired now have the opportunity to live a rich, full life.

Sleepy Baby by Mary Cassatt, 1910

Sleepy Baby, painting by Mary Cassatt, 1910
Sleepy Baby, painting by Mary Cassatt, 1910 | Source


Love is a basic yet profoundly important need for not just babies and children, but everyone. The ability to know love, receive and give love, is of the utmost importance to greater mental, physical and emotional well-being.

Psychological studies

Other studies, done on monkeys, were conducted to understand the psychogical damage of deprivation of loving care, such as was done by Harry Frederick Harlow (October 31, 1905 - December 6, 1981), an American psychologist.

Note From Author

Knowledge and awareness is the first step in helping children with psychological impairment. It is one of my goals to bring more awareness of the subject matter to society. Laurel Lemke of Grave Concerns Association in Lakewood Washington, is a good friend of mine who has helped me to become involved in the concerns of the stigma of mental illness and the importance of restoring dignity to the lost souls of psychiatric hospitals in the past.

Thank you for reading my article. Your opinions are important to me and let me know your interests. This helps me to offer more of your favorite subjects to read about. Your time and interest are very much appreciated. I hope to hear from you in the comments section below.

I write on several different subjects, all evergreen articles. You can read more about me and see more articles I wrote by clicking on my name by the small picture of me at the top right of this page.

Blessings and may you always walk in peace and harmony, softly upon Mother Earth.

Phyllis Doyle Burns - Lantern Carrier, Spiritual Mentor
~ ~ ~ ~

© 2014 Phyllis Doyle Burns


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)