Lifestyle Facts That Lead To Heart Failure
Unhealthy lifestyle habits are whole and sole responsible for developing cardiovascular disease, ultimately leading to heart failure. In this fast-paced world, people have adopted certain unhealthy lifestyle habits that can lead to life-threatening episode like heart failure and death. However, they are controllable and reversible.
Certain risk factors of heart diseases are very much under control, while few are not. Congestive cardiac disease or coronary arterial disease is responsible for approximately 1 million heart failures each year. More than 40 percent of people suffering from heart disease are vulnerable to congestive heart failure, leading to death. Innumerable people are expected to suffer from heart ailments in near future, and the reason being unhealthy lifestyle.
Simply put, congestive heart failure is characterized by the inadequate blood supply to the heart. The arteries of the heart are narrowed or hardened, because of which the blockage develops, causing cessation of blood flow, leading to heart attack.
The risk factors of congestive heart failure –
The uncontrollable risk factors of heart disease include –
- Sex – Males are at high risk than females
- Old age
- Hereditary – Familial history of cardiac disease
- Post-menopausal women
The unhealthy lifestyle changes, which are controllable –
- Poor eating habits
- Lack of physical activities
- Diabetes Mellitus
- High blood cholesterol levels
- Stress, depression and anger
The symptoms of heart failure –
The symptoms and signs of heart failure may differ from person to person. In initial stages, a person may not experience any symptom of heart disease, rather he/she may get an abrupt onset of chest pain radiating to left arm, neck or jaw with increased respiration. Following are the signs and symptoms of heart failure –
- Chest pain that may or may not radiate to left arm, jaw, or neck
- Breathlessness while resting
- Swelling of legs and feet
- Rapid and irregular pulse rate
- Fatigue or generalized weakness
- Increased perspiration
- Nausea or vomiting
- Decreased alertness and concentration
When a person develops chronic heart disease, he/she goes through congestive heart failure stages, which usually depend on the occurrence and complexity of the symptoms. The treatment for heart failure is done under the intensive medical management with constant monitoring of blood pressure, pulse rate and ECG in association with oral or injectable medications.
How to prevent or lower the risk of heart failure?
Making certain lifestyle changes is the best possible way to reduce the risk of developing heart disease. Healthy lifestyle will definitely improve your heart health as well as physical and mental well-being. Listed are the lifestyle changes to improve your heart function –
- Quit or avoid smoking
- Limit alcohol intake
- Eat healthy and in right manner
- Perform exercises to improve overall blood circulation
- Maintain normal body mass index
- Manage stress with Yoga and meditation
- Control your blood sugar or cholesterol levels with effective oral medications
- Manage high blood pressure with medicines and mild exercises