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Lists of Mental Illnesses and What They are

Updated on June 27, 2019

Mental Illnesses

The brain is a complicated thing. Are they genetic? Does something have to happen before you can get them? Are you born with them? No one knows why we get mental illnesses. It is a tricky subject. More than 450 million people around the world live with mental disorders. More than 18% of adults in the U.S. experience mental illness. Just over 20 percent of children, either currently or at some point in their lives, has had a mental disorder.

There are more than 200 classified forms of mental illness so I may not be able to name them all, but I will name what I can and inform you about them to the best of my knowledge. 1 in 5 of us suffers from some type of mental illness. I am not a medical professional, but I do suffer from quite a few mental illnesses. If you suspect that you have any of the following mental illnesses please contact your medical professional right away. Some of these mental illnesses may be harder to treat than others. The following is a list of mental illnesses and their description.

The most common types of mental illnesses are;

  • Clinical Depression- Also called major depression. Another form of post-traumatic stress disorder. A mental illness that causes a persistent depressed mood. Loss of interest in activities. The causes of this could be types of social, physical, biological forms of distress. Can also be associated with thoughts of suicide
  • Bipolar Disorder- Mood swings, from manic highs to mild lows. Sometimes bipolar disorder sufferers might have hallucinations and fast-talking or be very talkative. It can also be associated with suicidal thoughts and anxiety disorder.
  • Anxiety Disorder- Feeling constant worry, racing thoughts, panic, and fear. This mental illness can interfere with your everyday lifestyle.
  • ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder)- Attention difficulty, hyperactivity, impulsivity, and insomnia. This mental illness can interfere with everyday life and usually needs medication.
  • OCD (Obsessive-compulsive disorder)- Th need to put things in a specific order. The need to be in control. Excessive thoughts that lead to repetitive behavior.
  • Schizophrenia- A mental illness that can cause hallucinations, talkative behavior. It is hard for them to think, feel, and behave clearly.
  • Dementia- Not thinking clearly which can interfere with everyday function. Having trouble remembering or seeing things from the past that are not there, also known as hallucinating.
  • PTSD (Post-traumatic stress disorder)- This mental illness is caused by a traumatic experience. It can interfere with their everyday life depending on what the person has gone through. This is one of the hardest mental illnesses to treat as it is difficult to understand what the person is going through.
  • Autism- A developmental delay that most people are born with. It affects motor and social skills.

These are just some of the more common mental Illnesses. If you think you may be suffering from any of these mental illnesses then it may be time to seek treatment. There are many treatment options that they will provide you with. They can help you do natural treatments as well. Therapy or group therapy can help those with some of these mental illnesses. Some of these listed above may need more attention with medication or specialist. It is okay to take medication. It does not mean you are weak. It means you are strong for taking care of yourself.

© 2019 Miranda Scott


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    • Lorna Lamon profile image

      Lorna Lamon 

      9 months ago

      There is still a lot of stigma attached to mental illness and drawing awareness to mental health issues through articles makes it easier to understand. Your article is informative.


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