Lower Abdominal Pain in Men
In general, abdominal pain refers to pain which originates from the varied organs located inside the abdominal cavity. Generalized abdominal pain is usually an indicator of mild abnormalities, while localized pain in the abdomen can signify severe health complications. Hence, all instances of lower abdominal pain have to be checked by a doctor for causes and remedial measures.
The causes of lower abdominal pain in men can vary from comparatively harmless disorders such as gas or constipation, to life-threatening conditions like colon cancer or kidney infection. In most cases the pain is temporary, but sometimes it can continue for prolonged durations. Men who experience persistent or protracted instances of lower abdominal pain must seek immediate medical attention as it can be a symptom of certain serious underlying health complications.
Causes and Accompanying Symptoms of Lower Abdominal Pain in Men
Some of the causes of lower abdominal pain in men are listed below:
- Kidney stones: It is one of the most common causes of lower abdominal pain in men. Kidney stones are crystallized, tiny, acid salts and mineral deposits that form inside the kidneys. It results in distinct and severe pain that occurs in waves and radiates towards the lower abdomen and the sides of the body. The pain is most intense when the stones actually pass out of the body via the urinary system, during urination.
- Diverticulitis: Diverticula are tiny pouches which develop in different areas of the digestive tract, especially in the large intestine. When these become infected by an overgrowth of bacteria or other pathogens, then it causes a condition known as diverticulitis. In addition to lower abdominal pain, affected men are also likely to elicit other symptoms such as bloating and tenderness in the abdomen.
- Infections of the kidneys: In addition to kidney stones, lower abdominal pain in men can also be caused due to different types of kidney infections. The infection will generally commence at the urinary bladder and then migrate to the kidneys. Infection of the kidneys can result in varied symptoms including severe pain in the abdomen, burning sensations during urination, frequent desire to pass out urine, hematuria or bloody urine, etc.
- Colon cancer: In rare cases, lower abdominal pain in men may be a symptom of colon cancer. The colon is a component of the large intestine. It is situated in the lower section of the digestive tract. Other symptoms related to colon cancer include fatigue, rectal bleeding, discomfort in the abdomen, etc.
- IBD or inflammatory bowel disease: There are several types of inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease which can activate lower abdominal pain in men. In fact, pain in the lower abdomen is one of the first signs of Crohn’s disease and hence is vital to the effective diagnosis of the disorder. In addition to intense pain, men affected by different forms of IBD will experience vomiting, persistent diarrhea, rectal bleeding, etc.
- Cystitis: It is a condition of the urinary tract which results in inflammation of the urinary bladder due to infection by bacteria. Besides lower abdominal pain in men, cystitis will also lead to symptoms such as burning sensations in the urinary tract, frequent urination, pelvic discomfort, etc.
- Appendicitis:The appendix is a tubular structure which protrudes form the large intestine. Inflammation of the appendix is known as appendicitis. It can cause lower abdominal pain in men along with other symptoms such as nausea, loss of appetite, fever, and vomiting. Appendicitis has to be immediately treated via surgical removal of the appendix.Untreated cases can lead to rupture of the appendix, which then causes the infectious matter to puncture the abdominal cavity, eventually resulting in inflammation of the area. Pain associated with appendicitis normally begins as mild upper abdominal pain which gradually aggravates and migrates to the lower abdomen, rectum, and the back.
- Seminal vesiculitis: It is normally caused as a secondary effect of prostatitis and is characterized by seminal vesicles inflammation. It may be caused due to bacterial or viral infections, or the cause may remain unidentified. In addition to lower abdominal pain in men, patients may also experience enlarged glands, prostate pain, and pain or discomfort in the pelvis.
- Other causes: Lower abdominal pain in men may also be caused due to various other reasons such as lymphoma, hernia, gastroenteritis, muscular skeletal diseases, pancreatitis, abscess, prostate infection, pelvic adhesions, sexually transmitted diseases, enlarged prostate, and even stress.In rare instances, gas, food poisoning, and constipation can also trigger sudden episodes of lower abdominal pain in men.
Treatment of Lower Abdominal Pain in Men
As discussed above, lower abdominal pain in men may be caused due to minor or major causes. It is therefore necessary to consult a doctor whenever men experience pain in lower abdomen. Treatment is aimed at finding out the underlying cause and treating it.
- Bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics and other medications.
- Surgery may be required to treat kidney stones, pancreatitis, and other such conditions.
- Colon cancer can be treated via chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or surgery.
Mild instances of lower abdominal pain in men may be treated via the below listed home remedies.
- Drink lots of water and other fluids to alleviate the pain
- Mix one teaspoon of lime juice with a teaspoon of grated ginger. Take it immediately after a meal. It will instantly alleviate pain in the abdomen.
- Men suffering from intense pain should avoid the intake of solid foods. If you experience vomiting, then consume food items that digest easily.
- Pain in the lower abdomen can be reduced by placing a heat pad or a hot water bag on the area.
- It is also possible to find relief from abdominal pain via a mixture of water and fresh mint juice
- Men who experience pain in lower abdomen due to gas should stop eating high fat foods, citrus fruits, alcohol, caffeine, tomato products, carbonated beverages, and fried foods. It will help decrease the lower abdominal pain.
- Antacids can be taken to find relief from indigestion, heartburn, and gas.