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Lychee (Litchi) - Health Benefits And Nutritional Benefits

Updated on December 21, 2015
rajan jolly profile image

Rajan is a major in Botany and Chemistry. Has worked as a poultry breeder for 23 years of his career, breeding layer and broiler parents.

Source

About Lychee (Litchi) Fruit & Tree


Latin name : Litchi chinensis.

Lychee is also written as Litchi. The lychee tree is native to Southern China, Taiwan and the Southeast Asia. In present times, it is widely cultivated in most tropical countries of the world including India.

The tree grows to a height of 30-90 feet. The lychee fruit has a soft jelly like, white, translucent pulp having a mildly sweet flavor and taste. The fruit is covered by a pink to dark red, rough textured, thin skin that can be peeled away easily. The flesh is white and soft and juices very easily. It contains a single dark brown seed with a smooth skin.


Lychee (Litchi) Tree

Source




In India, Litchi is cultivated in Muzzafarpur, Bihar, in North India. Muzzafarpur produces 75% of the India's total lychee production.



In China, Lychee has been cultivated for over 4000 years. Lychee under cultivation yields about 400 to 800 pounds of fruit per tree. When grown in the backyard the production is a mere 50 to 200 pounds per tree.

Unripe Lychee Fruits

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Litchi Nutritional Information


Litchi is very rich in Vitamin C and contains about 72 mg of vitamin C per 100 gms. About 9 lychees will provide the daily requirement of this vitamin to an adult.

It is also rich in copper, phosphorus and potassium and is low in sodium. It does not contain cholesterol.

It provides many Bcomplex vitamins and is a good source of fiber.

The polyphenol oligonol, has antioxidant and anti viral properties.

Lychee is hot by constitution so do not consume excessively. It might lead to skin rashes or even fainting.

Nutritional Values In Lychee

 
Lychee fruit (Litchi chinensis), Fresh
 
 
Nutritive value per 100 gms
 
 
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
 
Principle
Nutrient Value
Percentage of RDA
Energy
66 kcal
3.30%
Carbohydrates
16.53 g
12.70%
Protein
0.83 g
1.50%
Total Fat
0.44 g
2%
Cholesterol
0 mg
0%
Dietary Fiber
1.3 g
3.50%
Vitamins
 
 
Folates
14 micro gm
3.50%
Niacin
0.603 mg
3.50%
Choline
7.1 mg
1%
Pyridoxine
0.100 mg
9%
Riboflavin
0.065 mg
5%
Thiamin
0.011 mg
1%
Vitamin A
0 mg
0%
Vitamin C
71.5 mg
119%
Vitamin E
0.07 mg
0.50%
Vitamin K
0.4 micro gm
0.30%
Electrolytes
 
 
Sodium
1 mg
0%
Potassium
171 mg
3.50%
Minerals
 
 
Calcium
5 mg
0.50%
Copper
0.148 mg
16%
Iron
0.31 mg
4%
Magnesium
10 mg
2.50%
Manganese
0.055 mg
2.50%
Phosphorus
31 mg
4.50%
Selenium
0.6 microg
1%
Zinc
0.07 mg
0.50%
Phyto-nutrients
 
 
Carotene-micro gm
0 micro gm
--
Crypto-xanthin- micro gm
0 micro gmg
--
Lutein-zeaxanthin
0 micro gmg
--

Lychee Juice

Source

Uses Of Lychee Fruit


Lychee is a very succulent juicy fruit. The whole fruit can be put in the mouth and sucked to extract the juice and flavor of the fleshy pulp.

Slices of lychee can be added to other fruits, salads, dressings or as a topping to icecreams.

Lychee juice is a very refreshing summer drink. It is also used to make jams, icecreams, sauces, jellies, syrups etc.


Side Effects Of Lychee Juice


Drinking too much lychee juice can cause certain unwanted side effects. Though lychee juice is an excellent source of vitamin C and a good source of fiber, this very combination can result in abdominal pain and diarrhea if drunk in excessive quantities.

A better way to avoid this is to increase its consumption gradually.

Other side effects noted are chapped lips and inflammatory conditions of the mouth and throat. The probable cause being the acid nature of the fruit.

Sometimes the preparation of the juice is not proper. In this case the seeds which are inedible too get crushed and added to the juice. This happens more with the roadside vendors. Such juice may cause severe distress of the gastrointestinal tract. It is best not to use seeds and to see that all seeds are removed before juicing the lychee pulp.

If the twin issues that of avoiding excessive intake of the juice and ensuring no seeds are crushed in making the juice, are taken care of, then these side effects will not occur.

Lychee (Litchi) Juice & Its Benefits


It is a refreshing drink in the hot summer season. Lychee juice provides all the Bcomplex vitamins and Vitamin C that are needed for ensuring optimal functioning of the immune system.

The polyphenol oligonol prevents many degenerative diseases, the potassium regulates the BP and heart rate, the electrolyte levels, removes fatigue and weakness and rehydrates fast in summer.

Litchi juice aids digestion and relieves bodily pains. It also inhibits the growth of cancer cells.

However, lychee juice should never be used as a treatment or medicine without consultation with your doctor.


Storage Of Lychee Fruit


Select only fully ripe, but not overripe fruits, for storage. Avoid those that have a dark brown skin. Prefer the ones with a bright pink to red color fruits. Avoid those with cuts or showing mold growth.

Lychee fruit can stay fresh longer if some portion of the stem is allowed to remain attached to it. The fruit stays fresh at room temperature for about 4-5 days and in the fridge for about 1 month. If frozen or dried it can stay good for months.

Health Benefits Of Lychee


  • Lychee helps to treat anemia and the vitamin C counteracts free radicals in the body.
  • It normalises the heart rate and b;ood pressure thereby protecting against strokes and coronary heart disease.
  • It reduces weight, improves blood flow and protects from the UV rays and cancer.
  • It is a natural diuretic and pain due to kidney stone if consumed regularly.
  • It enhances the energy levels in the body and provides a feeling of well being.


Some Specific Uses Of Lychee In Certain Health Conditions


  • Weakness After Disease

Eat 200 gms of lychee split in half in the morning and half in the evening. It gives energy and removes weakness.

  • For Improving Digestion

Lychee keeps the digestion strong and maintains a clean stomach., improves appetite and cures heartburn and burning sensation in the stomach.

  • Increased Heart Beat

Drink a glass of litchi juice daily for 8-10 days. It normalises the heart beat.

  • Brain Weakness & Weak Memory

Lychee consumption improves memory and removes brain weakness and brain fag.

  • Excessive Thirst

Excessive thirst in summer, wanting to drink water frequently can be controlled by consuming lychees daily in summer.


Disclaimer

This hub is for information purposes only. Please consult your health provider or medical doctor before using any home remedies or natural remedies.

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    • KevinMillican profile image

      KevinMillican 4 years ago from Stilwell, OK

      I'm going to have to look up where to find this in the states. Perhaps build myself a 50 foot tall greenhouse to grow a tree or two...if I can get my hands on a sapling. Thank you for the information!

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Like your tongue in cheek, errrrrr, comment. Thanks for liking the info, Kevin.

    • Harsha Vardhana R profile image

      Harsha Vardhana R 4 years ago from Bangalore

      Vote up!

      A good brain power enhancer. Thanks for the info!

    • Paul Kemp profile image

      Paul Kemp 4 years ago

      Lychee will grow and fruit in South Florida. Some friend of my family grew some an introduced me to it there. It is as delicious as you say, Rajan.

      Thanks for a very informative, well-written and illustrated Hub. I am a fan of natural health and exotic fruit of all kinds. Have you written anything about the nutrition value of the mango? I will follow you to see what else you write in the future!

    • billybuc profile image

      Bill Holland 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

      I never knew this existed. You are a fountain of interesting information. Thank you for teaching the teacher.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Harsha, glad you liked the hub. Thanks for voting it up.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      @ Paul - I usually write on health foods and health topics apart from various others all related to health in more ways than one. You can see my profile.

      I do have a hub on the health benefits of mango. You are welcome to check it out.

      I appreciate your reading the information. Florida has a lot of sunshine I believe. The climate is almost like what we have in Central and North India. So lychee should grow well.

      Thanks very much.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Bill, I hope the teacher feels proud of the student's accomplishment. Jokes apart, glad you visited. I value your visit as always.

    • TToombs08 profile image

      Terrye Toombs 4 years ago from Somewhere between Heaven and Hell without a road map.

      Good morning, Rajan Jolly! Fascinating hub! I've had lychee before, but had no idea how good it was for me. I'm going to have to start drinking it to replace my Mt. Dew addiction. :)

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      TT, sodas are addictive most have a huge doses of caffeine and sugar in them. Fresh Lychee or any other fruit juice is by far healthy. I'm glad the info made you think of shifting to juice consumption.

      I appreciate your stopping by and commenting.

    • alocsin profile image

      alocsin 4 years ago from Orange County, CA

      Another one of my favorite fruits has these great benefits. Thanks for pointing them out. Voting this Up and Useful.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Glad you found the info useful. Thanks for reading and voting, Alocsin.

    • Vellur profile image

      Nithya Venkat 4 years ago from Dubai

      Very informative and useful, I did not know that drinking excess of lychee could cause problems. Thanks for sharing. Voted up.

    • dmhenderson profile image

      Dave Henderson 4 years ago from Missouri, USA

      This is more information on lychee fruit than I have ever seen in one place. It is my new one-stop source.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Hi dmhenderson. I'm happy to note you found this informative enough to leave such wonderful comments. I appreciate your sparing time to read and support.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Vellur, I'm happy to note that you did find some new info in the hub. Its always a pleasure to have such appreciative comments from you. Thank you.

    • ChristyWrites profile image

      Christy Birmingham 4 years ago from British Columbia, Canada

      A good source of Vitamin C! Great and useful information here. I vote up and useful. I will share too as I'm sure other people will also learn from this hub.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Christy you've always been a wonderful supporter of my health hubs. I'm glad you found this good enough to share. Appreciate all the votes and support.

    • profile image

      ivade 4 years ago

      Great hub and some useful information. I think I will start taking lychee regularly too. Thank for the info.

    • wynnestudios profile image

      wynnestudios 4 years ago from Phoenix, AZ

      I have never heard of this fruit. Looks almost like a raspberry. Thank you for the education.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      wynnestudios, yes it does resemble the raspberry somewhat but that's only the outer skin that does. Thanks for stopping by. I appreciate your comments.

    • rahul0324 profile image

      Jessee R 4 years ago from Gurgaon, India

      now ain't it thee season for Lychees Sir Rajan.. I am on an eating spree already,,

      Wonderful hub... lots of info I never came across

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Yes, it is, Rahul. Binge on this juicy fruit. Nice to know you liked the info.

      Thanks.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      ivade, glad you like the info. Thanks for visiting and supporting.

    • dinkan53 profile image

      dinkan53 4 years ago from India

      Little bit expensive but I see it is worth for that price. It’s absolutely juicy and delicious to eat, but never had an idea of using them in recipes. Thanks for the videos. Voted up and rated as useful. Shared!!!

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      The extra cost is worth it, dinkan. It's so healthy. You can definitely try out the recipes now that you have the videos to guide you.

      Thanks for the votes and sharing my friend.

    • Brett.Tesol profile image

      Brett Caulton 4 years ago from Thailand

      I only became addicted to this fruit after moving to Asia. They are so sweet and kinda fun to eat. However, I am pleased to learn that one of my favorite snacks is sooooo healthy! :-)

      Shared, up and useful.

    • Anamika S profile image

      Anamika S 4 years ago from Mumbai - Maharashtra, India

      I love Lychee and could eat 1kg in a go. In fact, I used to while I was in Kolkatta.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      @ Brett - Lychee is a common fruit in Asia, though expensive. I'm glad you found information that you appreciate.

      Thanks for reading, liking and sharing. Appreciate your support.

      @ Anamika - Wow, that is a huge quantity to have at one go. Thanks for sharing this fact.

      Thanks for coming by to read and support.

    • snigdha.s profile image

      snigdha.s 4 years ago from India,mumbai

      Great Hub.I will share a trade secret for Lychee.Try to eat Lychee before 10th june. Although this year monsoon has been delayed so 10th june deadline can be ruled out. I hail from Muzaffarpur and we have Lychee orchard. Reason is after rainfall most lychees are found with worms.

      In India there are two kinds of Lychees commonly found. One is chinese lychee (tapering end)and the other is Shahi Lychee(round end). Shahi Lychee is common in muzaffarpur. It has fleshy pulp and narrow seed.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      snigdha, thanks for adding this valuable information. I agree.

      Thanks for reading and your input is much appreciated.

    • maheshpatwal profile image

      maheshpatwal 4 years ago from MUMBAI

      jolly sir very nice and informative hub about Lychee. Lychee's season has already started as whole market is full of lychee selling vendors........ during other seasons it is very hard to find lychees except in the form of artificial preservative added fruit drink in supermarket

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Mahesh, fresh litchi and its juice are a totally different experience. All commercially made fruit juices are loaded with sugar. It is best to have fresh juices to get not only the real taste and flavor but all the health benefits.

      Thanks for reading. I'm glad you liked the hub.

    • Peter Geekie profile image

      Peter Geekie 4 years ago from Sittingbourne

      Thank you rajan jolly

      Although I like them as a fruit I have never considered the nutritional value of them before.

      I want to look further into this in three ways.

      1. As mentioned nutritional uses.

      2. Pulverising the nut to produce a renewable fuel source if sufficient quantities are available. (I would guess the nut has an oil content)

      3. If the nut oil is extracted what properties does it possess

      If you have any info I would be pleased to hear.

      kind regards peter

    • snowdrops profile image

      snowdrops 4 years ago from The Second Star to the Right

      Lychee fruit is very rare here..so it is also expensive. When I went to the market last week, I saw lychee, bought some, and it really delicious. However, our lychees here is brown in color..not red :)

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      snowdrops, the skin color varies from dark brown to dark pink to deep red. The fesh however is white or sometimes have a faint pink tinge to it.

      I'm glad you like the fruit..

      Thanks for reading and commenting.

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 4 years ago from Houston, Texas

      I don't think I have ever seen fresh lychee fruits for sale but I have tasted the canned ones. It was interesting reading about all of the health benefits related to the lychee fruit. Thanks! Voted up and interesting.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Peter, I'm sorry i have no information about these aspects. I appreciate your sparing time to read and comment. Thank you.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thanks for appreciating the write up Peggy. Thanks for the read and votes.

    • QudsiaP1 profile image

      QudsiaP1 4 years ago

      I love lychees, they are my favourite fruit. It is almost heart aching to see such a delicious fruit to be so very tiny. :)

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      We are lucky that we get to eat fresh lychees easily. Glad you liked the hub. Thanks for reading and commenting Qudsia.

    • khmohsin profile image

      khmohsin 4 years ago from London,UK

      Another great hub Rajan, i love to eat Litchis, i never heard the benefits of it ever before. Amazing hub with fruitful knowledge.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 4 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thanks khmohsin. Now you will enjoy eating Lychees more.

    • Kevin Peter profile image

      Kevin Peter 4 years ago from Global Citizen

      Though Lychee tastes good, I didn’t know much about its nutritional values. Even the juice made out of it is new to me. I have read a hub of yours about neem. This hub too is informative and attractive.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Thanks Kevin. I'm glad you like the information.

    • Paul Kuehn profile image

      Paul Richard Kuehn 3 years ago from Udorn City, Thailand

      rajan,

      This is another awesome hub on one of my favorite fruits. I started eating lychees when I lived in Taiwan in the 70s and fortunately I still get to eat them in Thailand when they are in season starting in May. They are definitely a very sweet and delcious fruit to peel and eat. The canned lychees aren't that good because they have too much sugar. Thanks for sharing all of the health benefits of this great fruit. Voted up and sharing. Also Pinning and Tweeting.

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 3 years ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Hi Paul,

      Chilled lychees taste absolutely delicious. Good to know you love the fresh ones as the canned ones are loaded with sugar. Thanks for all the votes and sharing.

    • profile image

      mbrs 2 years ago

      Hi Rajan Jolly,

      Great information. Thanks a lot.

      Needed to know one thing. I bought lychees from the market and the next day they started getting mould on the skin. Is it safe to eat the pulp if we clean the skin thoroughly with water?

      Regards.

    • profile image

      karen 23 months ago

      I forgot and left a bag of fresh lychee, attached to the branch, in my car in the hot sun for day? Is it still ok to eat?

    • profile image

      Aradhana Sharma 22 months ago

      Lychee is packed with many minerals and proteins.. It has high amount of calcium, vitamin D, Iron, Potassium etc. These minerals help our body to prevent many diseases like cancer, heart disease, Digestion problem etc. It is good for bone health and heart health. Lychee is very helpful for producing blood. https://www.evaidya.com/Health-Articles/health-ben...

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 21 months ago from Northeast Ohio

      Rajan, I've heard of lychee and would love to try them someday. Thanks for sharing this interesting hub on this fruit. Voted up!

    • rajan jolly profile image
      Author

      Rajan Singh Jolly 20 months ago from From Mumbai, presently in Jalandhar,INDIA.

      Kristen, glad you found the info useful. Thanks for stopping by.

    • Kristen Howe profile image

      Kristen Howe 20 months ago from Northeast Ohio

      My pleasure Rajan. I did.

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