Management of Iron Deficiency Anemia
Iron deficiency anemia is a decline in iron concentration in blood and hemoglobin level as observed frequently. It is caused by lack of enough storing of iron, extreme loss of iron low consumption of iron or some mixture of blood situations, under this condition red blood cells develops hypochromic and microcytic. That is, the blood develops whitish and becomes tiny respectively; hence the capability to carry adequate oxygen to sustain the body diminishes. Therefore, the typical principles for anemia diagnosis to be hematocrit lower than 36% and hemoglobin lower than 12g/DL in females. Iron deficiency anemia is seen in women with heavy menstrual cycl, pregnant, breast feeding, in individual with recent major surgery and people with poor diet low in iron among others (Nirmala.& Edison, 2011).
The patients affected by anemia should be admitted to the hospital for number of days, and then should be placed in the oxygen therapy for test. Identify the blood type their body may require. IV access with large bore catheter for possible Red blood cell transfusion should be obtained. Treating physician should order for normal saline for fluid resuscitation and iron injections or IV iron therapy. As a physician, test the condition of the patient repeatedly and post transfusion periodically, take large dosages of aspirin to make sure that patient is not actively internally and imaging the testing. Do occult to the blood and also tests coagulate factors. Give the patient vitamin C to help them absorb the ion and place them on birth control pill to make sure the blood loss during menstruation is reduced, place them on iron therapy if the levels are not within the desired paremeters by following PCP periodically for blood test and the level of iron educate the patients about the diet and change and focus on consuming iron rich foods. Like spinach and dried fruits etc (Alleyne M.,Horne MK, Miller J, 2008).