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Medications for High Cholestrol
Medications for High Cholestrol
Talking about the Medications for high cholesterol, the first and foremost medication would lifestyle change. Lifestyle change involves the changes of your daily life like eating habits, exercises etc. Until and unless these essential things are not considered,getting rid of high cholesterol seems to be difficult not impossible. Even after these essential changes, if your cholesterol level or LDL level remains high then you should probably consult a doctor for medications. Whereas, these medications depends upon the risk factors for heart diseases such smoking, unhealthy diet, age etc. and looking at the common side-effects.
As far as the medication is concerned it can be categorized into two different types.
- Natural remedies
- Cholesterol lowering medication
A natural medication for high cholesterol includes the following essential things.
- Diet: As said above diet is one of the most important factors that determine your cholesterol level and the risks. Healthy diet is essential to live healthy life. So, the first and foremost thing that we need take care of is our diet. We should avoid food that contains high cholesterol such meat or dairy products. These food products are rich in saturated fats that develop the risk for heart disease or strokes. In a day, a person should not consume saturated fat higher than 30g. Here you can find a list compiled about cholesterol lowering foods.
- Exercises: Balancing your diet is not enough to deal with high cholesterol. Until and unless you do not exercise daily, you make sure that your cholesterol level remains the same. It is not that a person must start with heavy physical works. At least 30 minutes regular exercise can lower the risk for heart disease.
Here are some of the most frequently used medications for high cholesterol.
- Statins: Statin is the most frequently used and prescribed medications for high cholesterol and it works the best too. Use of Statin helps to block the chemical or substance in the liver that produces cholesterol in the blood. This drug also reabsorbs the cholesterol built in artery walls and reduces the risk for coronary artery diseases.
- Aspirin therapy: If you are diagnosed with high cholesterol then you might get prescribed for aspirin therapy if you have suffered from heart attack or stroke previously. Daily and balanced dose of aspirin helps to prevent from forming a blood clot inside blood vessels that develops the risk for heart disease.
- Niacin: Niacin can be considered as one of the most important medications for high cholesterol as the dose of it helps to lower LDL and triglycerides and raise HDL “good cholesterol”. However the use of Niacin is not common or frequent as it has side-effects. To take the dose for longer period might also cause liver damage. Since Niacin is found in food, it is strongly suggested that a person should get amount of Niacin needed by consuming balanced diet.
- Omega-3 fatty acid supplements: Omega-3 fatty acid is generally found in sea foods. Sea foods like fish contains the highest amount of Omega-3 fatty acid that helps to lower the cholesterol count in the blood stream. It also lowers the risk for heart disease or strokes.
- Cholesterol absorption inhibitors: Our intestine absorbs the cholesterol from the food that we take and process it to our blood stream. As our body already produces cholesterol, consumption of more cholesterol can be dangerous. Drugs like ezetimibe (Zetia) can be beneficial as it helps to limit the absorption of dietary cholesterol and can be taken with the combination of other statin drugs.
- Fibrates: Fibrate is a medicine usually taken to reduce and remove triglycerides from the blood. It helps to prepare liver to produce very-low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and reduces the risk for heart disease.
All these medications can be both effective as well as harmful. It depends upon the way you use these medications for high cholesterol.