Medicinal Uses Of Aloe Vera
Aloe vera (syn. Aloe Barbadensis Miller) is a succulent plant of the family Aloeacee that prefers the hot, dry climates.It is a herbal plant
It is a fleshy plant perennial shrub, up to 1 m. high
They are arranged in tufts, simple, 40-60 cm long, long lanceolate, with acute apex, have very thick cuticle and fleshy parenchyma due to the abundant aquifers within them. They have spines only along the sides.
Flowering stalk that rises from the center of the leaves, consists of a racemic inflorescence axis enlarged. They are in color from yellow to red.
It is a plant self-sterile, so you play only with cross-pollination, as the male and female flowers on the same plant do not cross each other.
They consist of a capsule loculicida.
In Europe, the only crops to some extent are in Spain. Ones are emerging in southern Italy, but are still of limited size. Crops in Spain, as the EU member Spain, are obliged to respect the rules of production much more stringent than in other countries, thus ensuring a better quality product.
Worldwide, the aloe is grown in Africa, Australia, North America, Central America, Russia, Japan.
Spain, Greece and Israel may currently be considered the best areas of production and supply in the world
The multiplication of aloe is by seed or by division of the suckers that form the base of the plant.
Distribution and Habitat
North Africa, Arabia, Madagascar, desert regions, Moldova (shishkani), Mexico, Santo Domingo, Cuba
The use of aloe is very old, as evidenced by the number of cuneiform clay tablets found in the late nineteenth century by a group of archaeologists in the Mesopotamian city of Nippur, near Baghdad, Iraq, and dating from around 2000 BC The text reads "... the leaves looked like blades of knives." From this observation suggests the archeo-botanical knowledge among the Assyrians of the plant and some of its properties, and their use of the variety of Aloe barbadensis Miller, better known as Aloe Vera.
The systematic study of this plant, however, began only in 1959, thanks to a Texas pharmacist, Bill Coats, who devised a process to stabilize the pulp pioneering the marketing of aloe without problems of oxidation and fermentation. In parallel, the U.S. government officially declared the healing properties of this plant for the treatment of burns. Since then, studies sull'Aloe are very active around the world.
From a chemical point of view, we can distinguish three major classes of components in aloe: the complex sugars - especially among which the glucomannans acemanane - the clear gel inside, with immuno-stimulating properties; anthraquinones in the green leathery of the leaf, which has a severely laxative, and various other substances of high nutritive value, anti-inflammatory, antifungal, analgesic, such as minerals, vitamins, amino acids, organic acids, phospholipids, enzymes, lignins and saponins ...
Alleged Medicinal Properties
· Regenerating: stimulates the growth of the epithelium in the wounds;
· Proteolytic and healing: enzymatically dissolves and absorbs the dead or damaged cells, stimulating the regeneration process;
· Antiinflammatory: accompanies and helps to overcome the inflammatory process;
· Antipyretic: relieves burning from sunburn, inflammation and fever;
· Humectant: it is hydrating, promoting water retention in the tissues of the skin;
· Analgesic: relieves pain, even in depth;
· Fungicide: hinders growth of fungi;
· Virostatics: hinders growth of the virus;
· Bacteriostatic: inhibits the growth of bacteria;
· Hemostasis: it reduces the bleeding lesions;
· Antipruritic: relieves the itching;
· Detox: helps detoxify the body of impurities of toxins;
· Anti-tumor properties (see also Aloe arborescens)
Aloe vera contains aloin, a drug with anthraquinone laxative effect and irritation of the colon and (assumed) abortion in pregnant women. For this reason it is recommended to take by mouth preparations of aloe vera products in craft.
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