ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Menopause

Updated on July 30, 2016

Menopause or climacteric is a permanent cessation of menstruation and fertility. Menopause occurs in your late 40s to early 50s, but it is said to be average age of 51 in the United States. The causes of menopause is the ageing of the ovaries. As you approach your late 30s, your ovaries starts producing less estrogen and progesterone. At this time few primary follicles remain to respond to pituitary gonadotropins, consequently as you approach your 50s this follicle no longer mature, thereby stopping ovulation and the blood concentration of estrogen plummets.


Reduced concentration of estrogens and lack of progesterone may change the female secondary sex characteristics. It is still possible to menstruate every month right up to your last period but very unusual, and you may likely experience irregular periods. During the perimenopause- (a period during which a woman's body makes natural transition toward permanent infertility) and you might start experiencing the signs as
(i) Irregular periods, which eventually stops.
(ii) The vagina, breast, uterus, and uterine tube may shrink.
(iii) Thinning of the pubic and axillary hair.
(iv) Mood changes
(v) Hot flashes.

During menopause, you may feel many discomforts like anxiety, distress, sudden feeling of hotness (hot flashes), and pains all over the body, and sadness, which are normal. Most women feels better again after menopause (postmenopausa).


(1) Natural cessation of reproductive hormones: as you approach your late 30s your ovaries starts producing less estrogen and progesterone- the hormone that regulate menstruation. as you approach your late 40s your menstrual periods becomes irregular, heavier or lighter and consequently you stop menstruating and your ovaries stops producing eggs by age 50 or 51 while in some in their late 40s.

(2)Primary ovarian insufficiency: this is the case where the ovaries fail to produce normal level of reproductive hormones. Most women with ovarian insufficiency have premature menopause or experience menopause before the age of 40. In this case, hormone therapy may be recommended until the natural age of menopause in order to protect brain, heart, and bone.

(3) Smoking tobacco: menopause can occur earlier in those women who smoke tobacco and can increase your risk of getting heart disease, stroke, and osteoporosis.


After menopause, there are certain conditions that may be risky to your health. They include:
(1) Cardiovascular disease: when estrogen level declines, your risk of cardiovascular disease increases. Therefore, it is important to get regular exercise and eat a healthy to maintain good weight, reduce intake of cholesterol if too high.

(2) Urinary incontinence: during menopause, the vagina and tissues of the urethra loses their elasticity thereby making you feel a sudden urge to urinate which leads to involuntary loss of urine or the loss of urine when you cough or laugh.

(3) Osteoporosis: osteoporosis causes the bone to become weak which leads to an increase risk of fracture.

(4) Vaginal dryness: during menopause, the decreased production of estrogen and progesterone can affect the moisture that coats the vaginal walls, thereby causing vaginal dryness. Loss of elasticity can cause slight bleeding during sexual intercourse. Your desire for sexual activity may also reduce due to decreased sensation.


There are certain steps to take in order to stay healthy after menopause (postmenopause).

  • exercise: get regular exercise at least 30 minute to strengthen your bones, get enough calcium and vitamin D to protect your bones from osteoporosis. Avoid smoking as it increases your chance of getting heart disease and stroke.
  • Hot flashes: these are the most common symptom of menopause. To get rid of this, avoid alcohol avoid consumption of hot and spicy foods. Dress in layers and always go to a place cooler.
  • To reduce vaginal dryness, a vaginal lubricant, and moisturizers is available. It can help lubricate the vagina and make sexual intercourse more comfortable and painless.
  • check your cholesterol and blood pressure level regularly
  • get enough sleep; avoid caffeine, which makes it hard to get sleep.
  • eat a balance diet meal that includes fruits and vegetables, whole grains and reduce the intake of saturated fats, oil, and sugar.


  • Baked goods: Foods like white bread, pies, cookies, muffins, and cakes can contribute to weight gain, and cause blood sugar levels to spike. In order to avoid these unhealthy foods, try replacing white bread and pasta with their whole wheat versions. These will do a better job of filling you up, and they contain whole grains and fiber, which are good for you.
  • Alchohol: Alcohol can activate headaches, hot flashes, night sweats, and anxiety. Reducing how much alcohol you drink and avoiding binge drinking can help reduce menopausal symptoms and while also benefiting your overall health.

  • Processed foods :It's advisable to limit any processed foods that contain high levels of saturated fats and sugar. Intake of too much salt can raise blood pressure, which increases a person's risk for having a stroke or getting heart disease. Sodium causes your body to retaine fluides, which can make a person feel uncomfortable and bloated. Potato chips or cookies might taste good, but they’re usually high in sodium or loaded with added sugars , which can also make your body retain water and feel bloated. If you’re craving for a snack, try a healthier alternative like string cheese, carrots dipped in hummus, or a few whole-grain crackers with peanut butter — they’ll satisfy your need without filling you up with the bad stuff.
  • spicy foods: Capsicum, a compound present in peppers making them spicy can trigger hot flashes and night sweats if consumed in the hours leading up to going to bed. Nevertheless, don't completely cut peppers that contain capsicum out of your diet, since this compound can as well help relieve osteoarthritis, psoriasis, and shingles.

caffeine: Most of the women love a good coffee early in the morning, women who consumed caffeine are more likely to have hot flashes than women who didn’t have caffein. Caffeinated beverages are harmless once in a while and can be a nice choice while relaxing at a coffee shop or spending time with friends. But caffeine can become a problem if it becomes something you need to have constant access to. It can make it hard to get sleep. Rather try to slowly decrease how much caffeine you consume, and replace it with water, fruit juice, or herbal tea.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)