ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Menopause - A New Phase In The Life of Women

Updated on June 30, 2017

What is Menopause?

It is the point in time when menstrual cycle permanently stops due to the natural depletion of ovarian oocytes. An oocyte is a cell in the ovary that undergoes meiotic division to form an ovum. A woman can be diagnosed as menopausal if she has missed her menstrual cycle for more than 12 consecutive months.

Levels of estrogen declines and the levels of progesterone and other hormones also change. The hormonal changes characteristics of menopause last for few years but afterwards it stabilizes and the body gets used to the change.

Menopause Explained


Some Myths Associated With Menopause

Myth: It involves lots of suffering

Truth:Majority of women have very little symptoms which eventually disappears after about a year or so. Most common symptom is the hot flushes.

Myth: End of femininity

Truth: There is no risk of unwanted pregnancy, no PMS or periods. Many women are able to enjoy their sex life better.

Myth: Menopause means beginning of ill health

Truth: More than one-third women suffer from iron deficiency while they are menstruating. Menopause ends this regular loss of iron. Also women suffering from long-term gynecological problems like fibroids or endometriosis find relief after the menopause. With right food and proper life style a woman can avoid later life complications like osteoporosis and heart disease.

Myth: Menopause leads to depression

Truth: There is as such no evidence to support this belief. Rather the mood swing involved with PMS disappears for good.

Stages of Menopause

Perimenopause: This stage usually starts few years before menopause, when ovaries produce less estrogen. This period lasts till menopause when ovaries stop releasing the ovums. A year or two before menopause, the levels of estrogen drops sharply leading to the menopausal symptoms in many women.

Menopause: A woman can be stated to have entered menopause if she hadn't had her menstrual cycle for more than a year.

Postmenopause: These are years after menopause when the main menopausal symptoms such as hot flushes begin to disappear.

Symptoms of Menopause

The most common symptom is the hot flushes. It is a sudden feeling of warmth that spreads through the upper body along with sweating. other symptoms are:

  • Breast lumpiness
  • Breast pain
  • Depression
  • Irregular period
  • Mood swings
  • Painful periods
  • Heavy menstruation
  • Change in libido
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Night sweats

If some of these symptoms cause too much problem then treatment might be necessary. The symptoms that start late in menopause are mainly due to the depletion of estrogen level. The most common remedies is the estrogen replacement. But the problems that are there in the early menopause are usually due to higher level of estrogen in relation to progesterone. Thus, using more estrogen can actually aggravate the condition.


Some Common Questions Associated With Menopause

Q. What should be done if there are hot flushes?

It is the classic symptom of menopausal change, the most effective treatment of which is Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT).

Q. If a woman goes without period for few months, does that mean she is menopausal?

Not necessarily. There are other factors to be considered. If the age is above 45 and there were instances of hot flushes and irregular periods, then probably the woman has probably started the menopausal transition. If the woman is under 45 and there were no menopausal symptoms then doctor should be consulted.

Q. When should one stop using contraceptives?

For woman over 50 then contraceptives can be stopped if she goes without period for one year. But if someone experiences early menopause then it is safer to use contraceptives for couple of years.

Q. If the mother experienced early menopause is the same likely to happen to daughter?

It is possible as premature menopause sometimes run in the family.

Q. If a woman is in her thirties and has not conceived yet, how long can she put it off?

On average, fertility of women start declining from mid to late thirties when perimenopausal symptoms begin to appear. It is better not to wait till the hormonal levels declining significantly.

Q. What are the risks of taking HRT?

Risks of taking HRT varies with age, health and medical history. The increased risk of cancer is small but significant. Unless one is suffering badly from hot flushes and night sweats doctors do not usually recommend taking HRT.

Q. Is the weight gain unavoidable post menopause?

It is a common problem experienced by most women. It occurs due to the hormonal changes in the body. But the problem can be countered using nutrition and proper exercise.


Some Important Action Plans

  • In case there are symptoms find out the cause. It may not be related to hormones, but some other health conditions.
  • If the symptoms are hormonal then tests can be done to find out the stage of perimenopause one is in. This might be important for those who do not yet have children but plan to have.
  • There are medical as well as other complimentary therapies which can help ease the problems.
  • Some healthy life style changes can be helpful.
  • Menopausal symptoms are just a passing phase. So don't let it get you down.

If you used HRT was it helpful?

See results


Though there are lots of problems associated with it, menopause is a natural stage of life. Most women have minor problems and many don't face any problem at all. But there are some who face major issues which can be taken care of by either medication or life-style changes or a combination of both. There are those who have premature menopause for various reasons. If anyone wants to have children and already having telltale menopausal symptoms consult your doctors to check your fertility.

Share your experiences and how you coped with them

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)