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What is Mesothelioma ? Reasons, Symptoms and Prevention

Updated on July 12, 2014

Save yourself from Asbestos

What is Mesothelioma

Mesothelioma is a cancer type. It is a lung cancer. This cancer is very rare. It occurs due to uncontrolled growth in mesothelium growth. Mesothelium is the protective lining that covers many of internal body organ for humans. The most common anatomical site for this cancer is pleura. Pleura is outer linings of lungs which is between lungs and internal chest wall. Uncontrollable growth in this preventing lining cause this type of cancer.

Mesothelioma is rare and that is why it is very dangerous too. This hub is a measure to inform people about this dangerous cancer disease and let people know how can we prevent ourselves and others.

Reasons for Mesothelioma Cancer

Asbestos is the main reason for mesothelioma. People who have been exposed to asbestos have more chance to get this cancer. Workers, who have been in constant contact of asbestos fiber, inhaled asbestos and/or comes in contact with airborne asbestos have more risk for developing mesothelioma.

Secondary exposure to asbestos fibers are also very dangerous. if you come in contact of clothes those have been exposed to asbestos fiber, then you will be having a greater risk of mesothelioma too. Secondary exposure includes asbestos fiber exposure to people who do not work directly in asbestos environment.

Smoking do not seems to be the major reason for this type of cancer, but it greatly increase the effect of asbestos on human body. So smoking may not be the direct player causing mesothelioma cancer but it plays a vital role in increasing role.

Asbestos Causes Cancer

Mesothelioma cancer explanation
Mesothelioma cancer explanation

Mesothelioma Symptoms

It is not easily recognizable cancer. Mostly a patient get to know they have such cancer when they goes to a doctor for some symptoms such as fever or shortness of breath. It's symptoms are not much intense, so a patient can easily ignore them as minor problems or as a fever due to weather change. Most patient check further after having months of symptoms.

Below mentioned are some of the symptoms:

Symptoms for Chest (Lining of chest cancer):

  • Fever
  • Swallowing problem
  • Sudden drop in weight
  • Breath shortness
  • Lower back pain
  • Chest pain
  • Face swelling
  • Cough
  • Sweating
  • Tiredness

Lining of the abdominal cavity includes above symptoms as well some additional symptoms mentioned below:

  • Swelling of belly
  • Vomiting
  • Belly Pain

All these symptoms mentioned above are mostly common symptoms and anyone can take it as something minor. But if you are working in asbestos environment or been exposed to asbestos then you should not take these symptoms lightly.

Keep in mind, these symptoms can be sometime mild while in some cases very intense. So please do not ignore if you ever has such symptoms continuously and you had exposure to asbestos.Prevention is always the best cure.

Treatment Options

There are 4 types of treatment option for this very rare type of cancer.

Surgery, Chemotherapy, Radiation and Multimodal

The type of treatment a patient will get is depend on diagnosis. These treatment types can be broken into two parts: Curative and Palliative.

Curative treatments are mostly aimed to get the cancer out of your body by surgery. If patient's cancer tumor is not metastasize then doctor can suggest this option. Chemotherapy and radiations are other additional treatment options for such patient.

If a patient do not have option for Curative treatment then doctors adopt Palliative treatment. In this type of treatment, doctors treat patient to make them comfortable as they will live with cancer. Doctors will treat you to provide a comfortable life even though your cancer treatment is going on.

History of Treatment

This is a rare cancer but it has been around sine more then a century. The first case was reported in 1899. In 1931, the cancer has been named Mesothelioma.

Although asbestos has been used from longer time, it is reasonable to think there were early Mesothelioma patients who were never documented. With increasing pollution in environment, cancer cases are increasing day by day. Mesothelioma is rare and so not many doctors have practiced such cases. As it is a rare and complex nature, it is complicated to cure. Medical science is continuously working on providing fast and effective medicine for such cancer.

Survival Rate

Mesothelioma Survival Rate depends on various factors such as exposure time, treatment and up to how far the cancer got spread.

Usually survival rate is the rate of percentage of patients survived for particular time frame. It also includes what type of diagnosis a patient received and what other factors those can affect the survival such as gender, age, surrounding environments etc.

The survival rate is low. It is because of its complexity and its rareness. In US, 40% of Mesothelioma patients survived for a year. So it is not incurable but proper care and medication needed for such cases.

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Spread your words and support

Mesothelioma is very rare cancer and those patients need support. Overall cancer is a big decease but many cancer types are curable nowadays. However for Mesothelioma, survival rate is low.

I urge all the workers to keep checking themselves and their family members on regular basis if you comes in contact of Asbestos. If you can find the start early you may have better chance to survive.

This is an effort to spread words about Mesothelioma and asbestos danger.

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