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Miscarriage: Signs, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Updated on June 2, 2016

Miscarriage is a situation when the pregnancy ends up on its own. It is common in the first few weeks of pregnancy. Women miscarry before 20 weeks of the pregnancy but usually it happens in the first 12 weeks. Sometimes miscarriages happen very early and a woman doesn’t even realize that she was pregnant.

Women who miscarry once usually miscarry again but it is very rare that she miscarries the third time but if she does, it is important that some tests should be done to know the cause.



Causes Of Miscarriage

There is usually no proper reason of miscarriage. Most of the miscarriages happen because of chromosomal abnormalities. Miscarriage is a natural way to deal with an abnormal embryo. There is also no way to prevent it if there is any abnormality in the pregnancy.

Miscarriages are mostly seen in older women because chromosomal abnormalities are usually common in older women than younger women. Smoking and drinking alcohol is dangerous for pregnancy in the first 12 weeks. Miscarriages are also common in women who drink three and more coffee cups per day.

Medical conditions like thyroid problems, diabetes and fibroids can also lead to miscarriage. Women who face three or more miscarriages in a row should consult doctor for checking their conditions.

There are some early tests which are done in pregnancy in which a needle is inserted in uterus and these tests carry a small risk of miscarriage. Infections like cold are not harmful during pregnancy but high fever is dangerous and can lead to miscarriage.

Women who have undergone tubal reversal surgery also have some risks of miscarriage.

How To Prevent Miscarriage

Although miscarriage is a condition which cannot be prevented and it can happen to the healthy women too but there are certain steps that if followed can help you in preventing it.

  • Stop smoking if you smoke
  • reduced your caffeine intake
  • avoid the intake of alcohol
  • Avoiding others having infectious diseases.

How To Diagnose A Miscarriage

There are different ways by which a doctor can check if you have had or having a miscarriage. The doctor may look and check your symptoms like bleeding and pain. Ultrasound and blood tests may be taken to confirm the miscarriage. After examining you in detail, the doctor will tell you if your miscarriage is complete or not. In a complete miscarriage, all pregnancy tissues are passed. In an incomplete miscarriage some of the pregnancy tissues are passed. Pregnancy after tubal ligation reversal is possible, and this may be due to unintentional errors. Your fertility after miscarriage should return to normal within 4-6 weeks.

Chances Of Miscarriage

The women who are fertile and in their childbearing years, they have 10-25% chances of miscarriage however in healthy women the average chance ranges from 15-20%. Age is an important factor in miscarriage. The women who are above 35 years of age have more chances of having miscarriage whereas younger women have fewer chances. Women who are more than 45 years old, there are 50 percent chances of miscarriage. Women having history of miscarriages are more likely to have it again as compared to those who never had it.


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