ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Nasty Infectious Diseases You Want To Avoid - Q Fever

Updated on December 31, 2008

This is a respiratory illness of animals which is also known as Query fever or Australian Q fever and it is a disease that is sometimes transmitted to humans. The bacteria are often found in the uterus and udder of pregnant sheep and cattle.

Q fever is spread around the globe and is quite common where sheep, goats and cattle are raised, an area which includes the western United States and Canada, as well as Europe and Africa. It primarily affects veterinarians, dairy workers, and farmers, and other people who work in close proximity to farm animals.

Cause - The primary cause of the disease and how the ailment was transmitted was not known until recently. Medical researchers have now discovered that a bacterium named Coxiella burnetii (Rickettsia burnetii) is the cause of the disease, which is spread through proximity with infected farm animals, by inhaling the rickettsiae from their skin, drinking contaminated milk, or being subjected to a bite by an tick which is infected. The bacteria survives for a considerable time in the ecosystem and is difficult to eliminate with disinfectants. The various mammals are usually infected by ticks that are infected with the bacteria and most of the infected mammals do not demonstrate any symptoms, although they pass on the bacteria in their urine and feces. It is feasible for the organism to spread from the laundry soiled with animal feces. Tiny numbers of the organisms can cause human disease, and the bacteria is able to be aerosolized for about a kilometer. The bacteria are not communicated between humans, which means infected individuals are not infectious to other people. After a single infection, people become immune to Q fever for the rest of their lives.

Symptoms - Many infected humans only demonstrate mild symptoms, but some become extremely ill. The arrival of symptoms is sudden, with high fever that may a month. The fever is often wrongly diagnosed as influenza or pneumonia. There are a variety of symptoms which include muscle pain, severe headache, fatigue, weakness, chills, and sweats, with chest pain. The fever can exceed 104 degrees F.

Diagnosis - Individuals with flulike symptoms who have been around infected mammals should seek medical advice, informing the physician that it is suspected that the person may have been in contact with the Q fever organism. Blood tests can reveal antibodies to Q fever, which can indicate that the patient is either now infected or has previously been infected with the bacterium.

Treatment - Antibiotics such as tetracycline usually work well within two days. A serious infection can be problematic to treat, and may necessitate long-term antibiotics. Patients who suffer from heart valve problems before becoming infected with Q fever may have serious inflammation to these valves, damaging them.

Prevention - People who spend a significant amount of time on an ongoing basis with domestic animals receive the vaccine specifically formulated against Q fever. Meticulous hygienic practices need to be implemented when in contact with contaminated hides, straw, wool, or pregnant animals. Inhalation of contaminated dust or fluid droplets must be strictly avoided, and proper disinfection and disposal of material must be carried out, as well as as immediate treatment of cuts and abrasions. Anything that is in contact with the contamination must be burned, buried, or boiled.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)