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Traditional Health Remedies From the Islands of Tonga

Updated on November 30, 2017
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Ruth, aka Elayne Kongaika, was raised in the orchard town of Orem, Utah. She married a Polynesian boy and has had amazing travel experiences


Traditional knowledge passed down from generation to generation is crucial to the survival of the people of Tonga. Many have embraced a Western diet, and experienced poor health as a result. Medicine made the "old way" use trees, gifts of the sea, leaves from certain bushes and roots. Many families in Tonga treat their children with these plants. Most villages also have a person who is known for their success in healing through their natural medicines.

Limu (seaweed) is one of the traditional medicines used in Tonga. Fucoidan is found in the cell walls of limu. Biochemists are finding that it is nutritional, fights disease and builds immunity against sickness. It contains vitamins and minerals and amino acids that support healthy bodies. Much of the food we eat today lacks all the things our bodies need because the soil is depleted of nutrients and artificial fertilizers are being used.

Spinach does not even come close to the iron content found in limu. It is considered a super-nutrient. It prevents anemia, respiratory infections, rheumatoid arthritis and even cancer. The polyphenols found in limu helps to prevent tissue damage, toxins accumulating in the tissues, degenerative disease and abnormal growths. Results of many studies on fucoidan can be found at

Medicines are also made out the following in Tonga:

  • Ango hina (tumeric of the ginger family) extracted from the root (used in many curries) for skin sores and rashes.
  • Manonu Tree - the leaves and bark are used for abdominal ailments
  • Fekika tree (mountain apple) - leaves and bark used for digestion problems
  • Siale Tonga - used to treat depression and other mental illness (in Tonga they believe that you are possessed by evil spirits, and this plant can get rid of it)
  • Maile - also used for mental illness
  • Kavakava ’ulie (shrub of the pepper family), Tonu (small green plants that grow close to the ground) - used for skin rashes or as a tea for stomach aches. Leaves can also be crushed and used for boils.
  • Kava (Piper methysticum of the pepper family)- The root is ground and used for ceremonial drinking, and the leaves are used for insect stings or centipede bites
  • Laufale (fern) and lautolu (wax plant from milkweed family) - for very young babies with skin rashes
  • Hehea (Myrtacaeae myrtle family) - bark and leaves for skin inflammation, teething, stomachache and boils
  • Nonu - Probably the most well known Tongan medicine is from the Nonu tree - also called Noni, and it is usually made into a juice. It is used for sores, styes, boils and thrush (infected gums).

I wish I knew the English equivalent to each plant and tree, but I do not, but if you watch the video Kau Faito’o - maybe you will recognize them. There are several more Tongan medicines available here.

I personally had experience with the nonu tree when I lived in Tonga. I had two small children on bottles. They got thrush, and were unable to eat anything for several days. They also had fevers, because of the infection in their mouths. I was so worried and took them to the doctors at the hospital. They gave me rinses and other medicine, which I used faithfully, but my babies were not getting better. After several days of this without improvement, my mother-in-law came and asked if she could take my babies to the local village healer. I knew that meant they would be given Tongan medicine, but I was so worried and exhausted, that I gave the babies to her with my approval. The healer mixed several plants together including noni, kava and burnt coconut. They ground it up and poured it into the babies mouths. Of course, they cried and fussed as they poured it into their mouths, but I was so happy when the gums started showing improvement almost immediately. I gained a healthy respect for Tongan medicine from that experience. Their medical knowledge has been passed down orally, and the healers are always willing to help out when anyone is sick.

One day I went to visit my house girl (most foreigners have a girl to help with the housework, laundry, cooking, and children). She was covered from head to toe with crushed leaves (even in her hair). She told me that she was feeling depressed, and so her mother put the leaves on her. It was probably Siale Tonga or Maile, but I am not sure.

Many people in Tonga grow these plants and trees near their home, so they have them handy when they need relief from sickness. They utilize these Tongan medicines before they will go and see a physician. It is very much part of their culture and tradition.

It is interesting that there has been such an interest lately in natural medicine throughout the world, something the Tongans have known all along, and never stopped practicing in their homeland.


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  • DDE profile image

    Devika Primić 5 years ago from Dubrovnik, Croatia

    Most helpful and interesting information here, and I am always interested in such natural remedies.

  • elayne001 profile image

    Elayne 5 years ago from Rocky Mountains

    I agree manatita44. Different perspectives and experiences make hubpages what it is! Aloha!

  • manatita44 profile image

    manatita44 5 years ago from london


    It has just occurred to me that perhaps some of us focus on what we know. No bad thing, as this only enriches the lives of others and add more taste to the unigue flavour of Hub pages. thanks a lot!

  • Peggy W profile image

    Peggy Woods 5 years ago from Houston, Texas

    I do think that we should be studying knowledge of healing that the ancients have passed on down through the generations. There is undoubtedly a lot to it and we should not just dismiss it without giving it a good look. The problem comes down to money. If there is little to no profit in it, the drug companies are not interested. Some doctors are becoming a little more open to giving natural healing methods some credence. A few are even specializing in it but thus far are out of the main stream. Interesting hub. Voted that and up and useful. Thanks!

  • elayne001 profile image

    Elayne 5 years ago from Rocky Mountains

    Noni is quite readily available at all health food stores. Many others mentioned can also be found, but fresh from the ground or ocean is best. Thanks for your comments rebeccamealey.

  • rebeccamealey profile image

    Rebecca Mealey 5 years ago from Northeastern Georgia, USA

    Wow, how interesting. Where do I get some of this super stuff? Perhaps each locale has it's own natural remedies? I will have to check into that. Thanks for the idea!Voted up and awesome!

  • elayne001 profile image

    Elayne 5 years ago from Rocky Mountains

    I totally agree with you tillsontitan. Thanks for your comments.

  • tillsontitan profile image

    Mary Craig 5 years ago from New York

    Generations and generations have used natural remedies and plants to relieve and cure. We are an intelligent society and as such should take the time to study and promote was has worked for centuries. This is a good hub with good information Elayne. Job well done.

  • elayne001 profile image

    Elayne 6 years ago from Rocky Mountains

    Thanks 4FoodSafety. I appreciate your comments. I believe God has provided us with all we need to be healthy, but we are slowly learning what plants and foods cure disease. I think the ancients knew it better than we do, and we can learn much from them. Aloha!

  • 4FoodSafety profile image

    Kelly Kline Burnett 6 years ago from Fontana, WI


    Someone prominent here on HubPages doubted the value of the sea - the seaweed or limu is another perfect example of what are not fully appreciating what the sea can offer us in food and nutrients.

    I look to the sea to cure many common ailments including cancer one day (hopefully soon).