ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Organ Donation - The Invaluable Gift

Updated on April 28, 2013

In a letter, one person who received a kidney wrote simply: "I am awed by your generosity at such a difficult time."

Words you should know

Organ: A part of the body that has a particular task, like the heart which pumps blood or the kidney which cleans the blood.

Tissues: Different materials in the body that each help the organs to work, like blood or skin.

Donation: Giving an organ or tissue to a medical team who can use it to treat someone when there is no other cure.

Transplantation: The operation to put a healthy donated organ into the person who needs it, after theirs has failed.

Donor: The person who gives the organ or tissue.

The need is great: Why donations are so important

  • Thousands of people in India die every year because their heart or kidneys have been badly damaged by disease.
  • More than 2 million Indians, mostly children, suffer from blindness because of a damaged cornea (the front part of the eye).
  • Technology has made amazing progress but body organs and tissues cannot be made by science.
  • Organs cannot be bought. They must be a gift.
  • All world religions - including Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism and Judaism - approve of and support organ donation, considering it an act of charity.

The Cost: Nothing

The Value: Priceless

All you need to do is sign an organ donation card

A Donor Card
A Donor Card | Source

Who can donate

Almost any healthy individual, young or old, can donate organs.

"On 7th February 1999, a baby girl was born in Delhi. It was not just another birth, she was born with two holes in her heart. The tiny creature struggled, but on fifth day she breathed her last. Although her parents were shattered, they came up with the idea that if the baby's eyes were donated, her little life would not have been completely futile. She would have left behind two grateful people who would be seeing the world through her eyes. Though she was too young to have a name, the youngest known eye donor was not too young to make a most meaningful donation." Recollected by Shivani and Rajiv Joshi, parents of 5 day old eye donor.

The basics of eye donation

  • Eyes provide the gift of sight through corneal transplants, that is, using the clear front part of the eye surface to replace one that has become scarred and cloudy.
  • Eye donation is voluntary and costs the donor nothing.
  • Contact the nearest Eye Bank to register your promise.
  • The Eye Bank will provide you with an eye donation card.
  • Carry this card with you at all times.
  • Tell your relatives of your wish to donate your eyes.
  • If possible, mention your wish to donate organs in your will.
  • Eyes of a deceased person can also be donated whether or not he has pledged his eyes in his lifetime. Under law, relatives of the deceased can donate his or her eyes provided he or she has never spoken against eye donation.
  • Eyes should be removed by medical personnel within six hours of death.

The basics of other organ donation

  • Organ donation is voluntary and cost the donor nothing.
  • Get a donor card from your local hospital and fill it out.
  • Carry this card with you at all times.
  • Share your decision with family members who will attend you at the time of death.
  • If possible, mention your wish to donate your organ in your will.

A living person can donate:

  • a kidney, as only one kidney is needed for the donor to live a normal life.
  • part of the liver, as the part left behind can make up for the loss and the donor continues to lead a normal life.
  • bone marrow, as bone marrow is always regrowing and lets the donor lead a normal life.

The following organs can be used immediately after death:

  • both eyes
  • both kidneys
  • heart, with or without the lungs
  • pancreas
  • liver
  • the whole body - for important research by medical students

Donation of most organs happens at death when a doctor is sure that the heart has stopped finally. This is called "heart beat death". Organ donation following heart beat death is advised.

If the brain has died but the heart is still beating due to a life support machine, this is called "brain death". Donation if this happens is not advised.

A brilliant check this out

Frequently asked questions (FAQs)

"Are there any costs to the donor or his family?"

No. All costs are handled by the organ donation programme or transplant centre.

"What can be donated?"

Kidneys, liver, heart, lungs, pancreas, small intestine, corneas (eye), bone, bone marrow, heart valves, connective tissues (skin and tendons) and blood vessels.

"Will the hospital staff's efforts to save your life be lessened if it is known that you are a donor?"

No. The transplant team does not become involved until after the doctor is sure that all efforts to save your life have failed.

"What about the body after donation?"

The removal of organs does not change the basic appearance of the body and will not change funeral arrangements.

"Can I donate some organs and not others?"

Yes. You can decide which organs you wish to donate.

"Can my family meet the person who receives my organs?"

No, the person you help will always remain anonymous (unknown), but the family may still feel comfort knowing that the organ was used to restore eyesight or health.

"Who can donate?"

Anyone over the age of 18 can donate organs. The body of a deceased person below the age of 18 can be donated only if the parents agree.

"Is my decision confidential?"

Yes, your decision is completely confidential (private). However, we advise you to tell your doctor and your family members of your wishes.

"Can I change my mind later?"

Yes. Just tell your family members and tear up your card.

Where to donate in India

Heart and Liver: In India, only one location is available for transplantation, which is the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in New Delhi

Kidneys: Transplantations are performed in many hospitals in the major cities of India.

Eyes: Check for the nearest Eye Bank in your local community.

Whole body: Contact your nearest medical college for more information.


One Person

Can Save the Lives

Of Five People


Restore Sight to Two.



    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Hridyapal-Bhogal profile imageAUTHOR


      5 years ago from New Delhi, India

      @gags3480 I really appreciate your feedback. My aim was to keep the Hub as simple and direct as possible. I will definitely have a look at the structure again...!!!

      Best wishes

    • gags3480 profile image


      5 years ago from Kanpur, India

      Beautiful hub & nicely written. It would get more views if you also add couple of more pics, Poll capsule, Table capsule etc.

      Voted up & shared.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)