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Ovarian Cysts And Pregnancy - Things You Should Know

Updated on December 29, 2010

Ovarian cysts is a sac containing fluids and is situated on the ovary’s surface. There are different types of ovarian cysts with different causes and some may come with symptoms while others without. Some type of ovarian cysts come with very serious health problems and need to be taken care of a soon as they are discovered. The cysts also have some effects on pregnancy.

Though in many women the ovarian cysts do not affect their ability to conceive, some may hamper this ability as they indicate that there are some underlying conditions that will inhibit the woman from getting pregnant. They affect conception in two ways: by inhibiting the release of the eggs or preventing a fertilized egg from attaching on the uterine wall. The diagnosis of their presence is difficult to be carried out unless they start exhibiting symptoms such as extreme pain in the pelvis.

Women who suspect that they have ovarian cysts may undergo different processes to have them diagnosed. They may opt for the pelvic exam where the doctor will palpitate their ovaries to detect if they are present. The next one is the Pelvic ultrasound where the cyst will be seen and its nature determined by the doctor. Women may also undergo surgery known as Laparoscopy whereby a thin laproscpe is inserted via an incision in their abdomen.

There are various treatment methods that can be used to treat the ovarian cysts. Since cysts are generated due to excess amounts of hormones especially estrogen and progesterone in the body, women can undergo hormonal therapy where they will be given birth control pills to regulate the levels and this unfortunately means no babies during the period of treatment. Women may also undergo surgery but there are chances that it will still affect conception. Others may opt for holistic therapy after analyzing the adverse effects of the other two options.

Ovarian Cysts Pregnancy Symptoms

Though there are ovarian cysts that have no symptoms and women have them without knowing, there are others which portray a variety of symptoms and many women with ovarian Cysts attest that the symptoms are close to those of pregnancy. These symptoms should be checked out by a doctor as they not necessarily mean that they have a cyst.

Some of the women will experience symptoms such as nausea, breast tenderness and vomiting typical to those experienced by pregnant women. Others may also experience abdominal pains or fullness or pressure. The pain may suddenly occur and disappear as such and some may be accompanied by abdominal bloating which may result in discomfort while passing urine, during bowel movements or cause pressure on the bladder or rectum.  The intensity of the pain increases if the cysts burst, bleeds grows too large or twists and may block blood flow to the ovaries or cause irritations on the tissues of the abdomen.

Interference with the menstrual cycle is also another symptom of ovarian cyst. This is mostly easily detected if the woman had regular cycles which changes all of a sudden. Some of the changes may include irregularity in the cycle, excessive bleeding or spots between periods. This may also be accompanied by weight-gain that cannot be explained.

Sufferers of ovarian cysts may also experience pain on the pelvic areas and this may vary in intensity and frequency. They may also experience long term pain their pelvis or on their lower back some days before, during and after their menstrual period. This pain may also be felt after strenuous exercise or after sexual intercourse.

These symptoms and sign make the detection of the ovarian cysts difficult. Those who have experienced signs such as fainting spells, persistent fever, excessive thirst and urination should visit a medical clinic for a thorough check up as it indicates that the case is an emergency. The patient will be examined and given necessary treatment as per the type of cysts they have.

Ovarian Cysts Early Pregnancy

Ovarian cysts early pregnancy can be determine at the age of 5-10 weeks of the pregnancy. Ovarian cysts which are water-like swelling that happen on the ovaries can cause ectopic pregnancy. Many women who develop signs of ovarian cysts develop symptoms that are similar to a woman who is pregnant. This pregnancy occurs outside a woman’s uterus that happens when the fertilized egg from the ovary does not implant itself normally in the uterus. The result of this conception cannot develop into fetus.

The common one develops in the fallopian tube that is supposed to transport the fertilized egg from the ovary to the uterus. Some of the implants can happen outside the uterus, ovaries or attached to the bowel. This type of implant on the fallopian tube can cause severe bleeding known as intra-abdominal hemorrhage. If the pregnancy continues the tube expands and eventually ruptures. This is dangerous since it can cause destruction to the large arteries that can increase the bleeding. A woman who experiences abnormal pain and bleeding is encouraged to visit a medical doctor for examination immediately to examine the situation of the pregnancy before it is too late for tests and treatment.

Some of the symptoms of ovarian cysts early pregnancy are abdominal and pelvic pain and vaginal bleeding, lightheartedness, dizziness, pale complexion, sweating, fast heartbeat, abdominal or pelvic pain that is so severe that you cannot stand up. The ovarian cysts that happen during pregnancy can be removed through surgery depending on the type of cysts. There are those that are non cancerous while others are cancerous. However they have to be removed and depending on the complication the pregnancy may be terminated if it imposes danger on the fetus and the mother. This is because the pregnancy cannot survive due to the bleeding if it becomes severe. If you are pregnant and experience any unusual abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding than you should contact a medical doctor immediately.

Ovarian Cysts Pregnancy Test

Ovarian cysts are small fluid-filled sacs that develop in a woman’s ovaries. Most of them are harmless while some may cause complications such as rupturing, bleeding or pain. They can be removed through surgery. The cysts can be categorized as noncancerous and cancerous. There are ovarian cysts pregnancy test that can be done for a mother with the ovarian cysts.

Some of the symptoms that can lead to the test of the ovarian cysts are nausea, heat waves swarming through the body, lower abdomen that bulges, sharp back pains, bleeding and pain. They are common among child bearing age of women. The tests that are used to determine the condition are ultrasonography for confirmation, and pregnancy blood tests. The pregnancy test is used to determine ectopic pregnancy. Ovarian Cysts can affect the pregnancy test because of the effect they have on the hormones. This is because it can cause regular periods which may affect the pregnancy results. The woman may test negative even after missing her monthly periods. Cysts can cause annovulation that prevents you from getting pregnant.

Pregnancy testing for ectopic pregnancy that takes place outside the uterus and the test must be done once someone is suspected to be having cysts to out rule the possibilities of abnormal pregnancy. This type of pregnancy is usually found in the first 5-10 weeks of the pregnancy. It develops outside the uterus when the fertilized egg from the ovary does not implant itself normally in the uterus and instead happens at the fallopian tube, outside the uterus, on the ovaries or bowel. It can lead to complications such as intra-abdominal hemorrhage. If it happens in the fallopian tube it expands and finally ruptures. This can be dangerous because a large artery runs on the outside of each fallopian tube. The rupture of these arteries can cause severe bleeding. This is the reason why ovarian cysts pregnancy test is conducted early enough to determine the condition.


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    • crystolite profile image

      Emma 6 years ago from Houston TX

      Very useful and informative hub which i enjoyed reading and actually learnt a lot from.thanks for sharing this,bravo.