ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Difference Between Cysts on the Ovary and Ovarian Cancer

Updated on August 26, 2019

About Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cyst(s) are sacs filled with fluid that forms within or on the ovary. There are quite a few different types of ovarian cysts, but I will go over a few of them with you. These are functional types of cysts.

  1. Functional

  2. Follicular

  3. Corpus Luteum

An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac (follicle) that contains a maturing egg; it forms on the ovary's surface, then disappears not long after it releases the egg. If a mature egg is not released or if the sac reseals after the egg is released, the sac can swell up with fluid, forming a functional ovarian cyst. The most people susceptible to getting ovarian cysts are women:

  • Are between the ages of 20 and 35.
  • Smoke. Smokers are twice as likely to have ovarian cysts as nonsmokers.
  • Are being treated for infertility with medications such as clomiphene citrate (for example, Clomid or Serophene).
  • Have endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), or bulimia.

Diagram Of Female Pelvis

Diagram of the Pelvic region
Diagram of the Pelvic region | Source

What is a Functional Cyst

The functional ovarian cyst is usually one that forms during a menstrual cycle. Functional cysts are different than tumors as they normally disappear and don't normally cause any problems unless they get too large in which they can twist, bleed and rupture. It's very painful if this happens. The functional cyst is a sac that forms during ovulation and holds a maturing egg. Normally, when an egg is released, then the cyst goes away. However; if the egg doesn't release, then the sac can fill up with fluid and swell. The Luteum cysts is the one that may rupture. Most of these cysts are harmless unless it gets too large as you just read up above.

Diagram Showing Ovaries

 Diagram of the uterus and cysts and cancer
Diagram of the uterus and cysts and cancer

Ovarian cancer and ovarian cysts are different from one another. Ovarian cysts can be found in ovarian cancer, but they usually harmless unless they get big enough to cause a problem.

What Causes Functional Cysts?

Ovarian Functional cysts form because of the way a women releases the egg in the ovary. The one cyst is called a follicular; when the egg Does NOT release, and the other is the luteal cyst; when the egg DOES release, but closes up and fills up with fluid again.

What's The Treatment of Functional Cysts?

Most functional cysts go away on their own. If a large cyst starts to give you problems such as pain or bleeding, it can be removed with surgery.

Video below, learn more about ovarian cancer

Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer

The signs of ovarian cancer vary and sometimes it is hard to distinguish between symptoms of cysts or something else, but here are some signs you can watch out for:

  • Bloating
  • Nausea or gas and constipation problems

  • Vaginal bleeding when you are not having your period

  • Pain or aching in the middle of your abdomen

  • Delay in your menstrual cycle

  • Severe pain with vomiting and/or nausea

  • Pain during or after sexual intercourse

I am not a medical Dr. - If you do get severe pain with vomiting and nausea, the information I get this from says for you to go the Dr. right away as it may be a ruptured cyst. Ovarian cancer remember is different than Ovarian Cysts. Please review the symptoms and warning signs of Ovarian Cancer below. It may save your life.

What's the treatment of Ovarian Cancer?

The treatment of ovarian cancer depends on the staging of the cancer. It depends on how far it has spread. There are 4 stages, but several sub-categories of each stage, just as in Cervical Cancer. The most desired treatment is of course, surgery to remove the cancer, the ovary or possibly more. Then they may consider chemo and/or radiation, depending again, on how far the cancer has spread.

Uterine Cancer

My mother-in-law's story can be found here "Uterine Cancer Story." She started off with ovarian cancer that spread to the ovaries. Please finish this article and then you can go to that story.

Informational Video on Cervical Cancer


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • weezyschannel profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Central USA

      Thank you!

    • jtrader profile image


      6 years ago

      Thanks for sharing the warning signs. Voted up and useful!

    • weezyschannel profile imageAUTHOR


      6 years ago from Central USA

      What does your doctor say about it? I would contact the doctor as I'm not a doctor, but I do know you should probably go see one regarding this. If you have, what did they say?

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      I have a cyct on left overy that's growing n pulling my overy down to my vag area and it's causing pressure plus I'm 28 weeks pregnant n it's been there for year what do I do

    • weezyschannel profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from Central USA

      Thanks Barb. I basically wrote this for information to help others. I guess I could have put some more detail in, but if I can help anyone with a little bit of information, then I'm happy.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      i thought i was going to get more information i already heard this from my doctor and the literature he gave me but it is useful for someone that haven't received as much info. thanks barb

    • weezyschannel profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from Central USA

      Thanks again Deborah. She actually hasn't even had the surgery yet! She failed her stress test, so they had to cancel. I have so many more hubs I would love to write on about people I know with health problems. I am starting on them, it's just there are so many! It's so sad anymore.

    • DeborahNeyens profile image

      Deborah Neyens 

      8 years ago from Iowa

      I hope your mother-in-law is doing okay. Thanks for providing this information.

    • weezyschannel profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from Central USA

      Thank you very much. I have some updating to do on this hub, but I wanted to start it. I have a family member going through this right now.

    • mljdgulley354 profile image


      8 years ago

      Useful and interesting.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)