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Pain In Arch Of Foot - Causes & Treatments!

Updated on May 15, 2015
Pain In Arch Of Foot
Pain In Arch Of Foot

Eliminate Painful Foot Arches For Good!

Pain in the arch of the foot is can be a long-lasting an very frustrating ailment that can significantly impact the quality of life on a daily basis. There is a high prevalence of this condition worldwide and everybody knows that when your feet aren't right, you just don't feel right at all! Having experience working as a Podiatrist I have a wealth of experience about the foot and plantar fasciitis and I am going to share that information with you here.

I have created this hub to provide information about the most common causes of pain in arch of foot, including an introduction to the anatomy and function of the foot, as well as the different treatment options available. The most common cause of arch pain is a condition known as plantar fasciitis and for that reason I will focus the hub around that topic, whilst also including other pieces of useful information to aid your understanding.

The picture included in this module shows the anatomy of the foot from the inside persepctive. The bones and tendons are indicated and as you can see, there is a thick tendon that runs along the unserside of the foot known as the plantar fascia. This provides support and shape to the foot and is vital to the optimal function of the foot. However, is it also the origin of one of the most painful arch conditions - plantar fasciitis.

The term plantar fasciitis describes the process of inflammation that happens at the origin of the plantar fascia (where is attaches to the underside of the heel bone). This process results in pain being felt at this particular area but the pain can also radiate further down the arch of the foot and even in and around the heel area. It is believed that through various mechanical influences (discussed below), the plantar fascia becomes over-strecthed when walking or standing on our feet for long periods and this causes irritation at the origin. This then causes trauma to the area and causes very small tears in the fascia, triggering the inflammatory response which ultimately leads to a chronic, dull pain.

The factors I mentioned that can lead to plantar fasciitis include:

1) Over-Pronation. This means excessive 'rolling-in' of the foot. As the foot rolls in too much the fascia over-strecthes and over-time this leads to damage and possibly plantar fasciitis.

2) Standing For Long Period. Very common in some occupations such as the police force or chef where standing all day can put a lot of strain on the foot and plantar fascia.

3) Being Over-Weight. The entire weight of the body must be borne through the feet and the more you weight - the more the feet have to carry and eventually they can't cope with the increased strain and the plantar-fascia can become over-worked.

4) Incorrect Footwear. Ties in closely with the 3 above factors. We need our shoes to provide a degree of support for our arches and shoes such as pumps/plimsoles are a prime example of shoes that don't do this, ultimately leading to plantar fascia strain.

These factors can all directly increase the stress on the foot and the strain on the plantar fascia. Any factor that strains the plantar fascia repeatedly has the potential to trigger plantar fasciitis.

Once plantar fasciitis has become established it is very difficult to treat as it becomes very difficuly to rest the area due to our need to be mobile and walk/run.


The Treatment Options

Although there is conflicting information about the most effective course of treatment for plantar fasciitis, below you will find the widely accepted guidelines for the treatment of this condition.

Please use the following as guidelines only and consult your medical professional before implementing these techniques.

1) Massage. Using massage will help to break up any fibrous adhesions and stimulate healing in the area. This can be done using a tennis/golf ball or a tin of beans. Simply roll the ball or tin around the arch of the foot, particularly focussing on where is it painful, for around 10 minutes per day.

2) Rest. Not easy when it comes to the feet! However, where possible, sit with your feet elevated to give the plantar fascia and related structures time to recover.

3) Hot/Cold therapy. Ice is a great method for reducing inflammation and in the area, particularly after periods of standing or activity. Heat acts to stimulate circulation in the area, encouraging healing. Using an ice-pack after activity and a heat pack before bed should work well.

4) Taping techniques. You can purchase various foot tapes and straps at many medical stores which can be applied to support the foot and minimize strain on the plantar fascia.

5) The use of insoles/orthotics. These help to support the arches of the feet and correct foot structure to prevent excessive rolling in of the foot and/or strain on the plantar fascia. Often vital if poor foot function or structure is causing plantar fasciitis in the first place. You should consult your medical practitioner about the prescription of insoles or orthotics.

Obviously, wearing the correct footwear and maintaining a healthy weight is also vital in the treatment of plantar fasciitis and the prevention of recurrence also.

Try incorporating some of these techniques in to your daily routine and note for any improvement. Consult your medical practitioner if symptoms persist!

I hope you have found this hub useful and informative and can implement some of the advice given to finally overcome plantar fasciitis and arch pain! For more information please watch the video below or visit - pain in arch of foot.

More Plantar Fasciitis Information

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