ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Pain in Ovaries

Updated on September 13, 2013

Ovaries play two very crucial roles in a woman’s life. The first is that of producing and releasing eggs (ova), which when fertilized; produce life. The second is that of producing hormones that are necessary for the development of a woman’s uterus in preparation for the life that is to be created within. Sometimes, the ovaries develop cysts and tumors, which can result in pain. The ache manifests as a dull or sharp pain that occurs in the lower abdomen and pelvic area. Ovarian pain can either be acute or chronic.

Acute pain in the ovaries is very sharp and occurs for a matter of minutes or a few days. It is very sudden, and also disappears as quickly as it came. The onset of chronic pain in the ovaries is very slow and can take few months to reach its apex. In both cases, the pain may be intermittent, or it may be continuous. The intensity of the pain also varies from one person to another. At times it may be very dull, and hardly noticeable, and at other times it can be acute to the point of interfering with normal daily activities. The pain is also noticeable when doing certain physiological activities such as urinating or exercising. Any pain in the lower abdomen should not be ignored and will require immediate medical attention.

What are the symptoms of pain in the ovaries?

The cysts in the ovaries can form because the follicle does not dissolve after an ovary is released, or when an egg is developed and the follicle fails to release it. The cysts, fluid filled sacs; form during ovulation and not at any other time. Usually, these cysts do not cause pain, but even if one of them ruptures, grows bigger, or changes orientation, the individual will feel a sharp or dull pain. Apart from the pain, the other symptoms of cysts in the ovaries are:

  • Nausea or Vomiting
  • Pain During bowel movements or intercourse
  • Bloating
  • Dull pain after eating
  • Irregular menstrual cycles

What is the diagnosis of pain in the uterus?

The doctor will begin by asking you some questions such as:

  • What is the location of the pain?
  • What is the intensity of the pain?
  • How often does the pain manifest?
  • How does the pain affect your life?
  • Does eating, emptying the bowels or intercourse make the pain worse?

The doctor will then perform a pelvic examination to see if there is a lump growing there. He may also ask for an ultrasound, which will give an image of the cysts. To be on the safe side, the doctor may also ask for a blood test to see if there is the presence of the CA125 protein, which may indicate that the cysts may be cancerous, so that he or she can rule out tumors.

What is the treatment for pain in the uterus?

For ovarian cysts

  • The doctor may advise you to go on a regimen of birth control pills. Since the pills prevent ovulation, then they will reduce the number of cysts that form, thereby relieving the pain.
  • If through imaging, the doctor sees that the cysts are small, he may perform laparoscopy. In this type of surgery, the doctor makes a small incision in the abdomen, and then inserts tools that have a lighted camera at the end. Using these tools, the doctor will be able to remove the small cysts.
  • Once again, if the ultrasound images show large cysts exist, the surgeon will make a larger incision, in order to remove them. This procedure is known as a laparotomy.
  • The doctor may also decide to ignore the cysts since most of them disappear on their own. You have to consult on a regular basis to see if they are disappearing or not.

For Ovarian Tumors

  • Radiotherapy – The tumors are shrunk using high energy X-rays. The process can be done by doing the irradiation inside the body, near the tumor, or from outside the body. This therapy has side effects such as diarrhea, fatigue, inflammation of the skin or nausea.
  • Chemotherapy – These are drugs that are given intravenously or orally with chemicals which kill the cancerous cells. This treatment causes hair loss, kidney damage and nausea.
  • Laparotomy – A large incision is made in the stomach and tissues in the area are removed. This may include the uterus, ovaries and surrounding fatty tissue. This is called debulking, and may involve the removal of a lot of tissue depending on the extent of the spread of the cancer.

What are the other causes of pain in the ovaries?

During ovulation, there is a marked growth of the lining of the uterus, in preparation for nourishing a fertilized egg. However, if fertilization does not occur, the egg and the lining are shed out of the uterus. The lining of the uterus can form in other parts of the reproductive system, such as on, and around the ovaries. The tissue bleeds every month and since it cannot be lost through menstruation, it forms scar tissue, which causes the pain. This condition is known as Endometriosis. This condition is characterized by painful intercourse, heavy menstruation, infertility, and painful periods. Ultrasound scans will reveal the growth of the scar tissue, and it is treated through laparoscopy, laparotomy, pain medication, birth control pills and Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)