Pathognomonic Signs of Certain Diseases
/pa·thog·no·mon·ic/ (path″ug-no-mon´ik) The word is derived from the greek word "pathos" that means disease and "gnōmon" means to judge. It is a sign or symptom that is so characteristic of a disease that it can be used to make a diagnosis. (MedicineNet.com). And list down below are examples of pathognomonic signs that are commonly seen in certain diseases.
This is the sign for a Herniated Lumbar Disc. It is the straightening with hip flexed with knee extended with elicit sciatic pain.
A sign of Gall Bladder Disease. This is experience by the patient when they take a deep breath and there is pain when pressure is applied over the location of the gallbladder
A sign for Grave's Disease. It is the unequal dilation of pupil or the bulging of the eyeball. This is also known as "Exophthalmic Eye"
A sign that a patient has Deep Vein Thrombosis. It is the pain in the calf upon dorsiflexion of the foot.
Kernig's Sign And Brudzinski's Sign
This two signs are a characteristic that can be found in a patient with Meningitis. Kernig's sign is when the patient flexed his/her thigh, they won't be able to extend their feet. Brudzinski's Sign is when the head is flexed, the knee will also flexed.
Is a distinctive characteristic for a patient with Bulimia Nervosa. This is seen on the lower knuckles, it is the scarring and calluses found on that certain area.
This is a symptom for Phemphigus Vulgaris. It is when the top layer of the skin slip away from the lower layers when slightly rubbed.