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Peptic Ulcer: Types, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Updated on April 12, 2014
Picture displaying Peptic ulcer in humans
Picture displaying Peptic ulcer in humans | Source

About Peptic Ulcer

Ulcer means a sore or wound. However, Peptic ulcer means an ulcer in the digestive system of the stomach (duodenum, esophagus). Latest reports intimate people more prone to peptic ulcer today. Irregular eating habits, intake of fast/junk foods, spicy and oily foods are some of the reasons for the disease. The disease, painful at any stage, beginning from the minor stage to the major stage. Things may get out of control if the disease is not taken care of within time. Problems like excess bleeding, formation of hole in the walls (lining) of stomach and obstruction in the food pipe may occur due to the disease. However, one should not worry because treatment of the disease is easy and affordable.

Peptic Ulcer -- Types

Gastric and Peptic ulcers are the two types of peptic ulcers. Gastric ulcer refers to the condition when the ulcer remains limited to the tummy. However, when it enters the duodenum, known as the Duodenum ulcer. Understandably, the latter condition is severe than the former one.

Causes/Reasons

Many reasons associated with the disease. Though unusual food habits could be one reason, but Helicobacter Pylori, one prime reason associated with the disease. Sometimes, intake of excess painkillers and non-steroid anti-inflammatory medicines are the reasons. Moreover, the problem may aggravate due to any liver related diseases because of the excess secretion of acids from the stomach. Some of the other reasons/causes for the disease are the family history, liver or kidney related problems, aging and drinking.

Treatment

One should go for the treatment in time. A physician first tries to control the symptoms through prescribed medicines. One should also try to Keep up a controlled diet and lifestyle. If the routine medicines do not work out, then a physician may advice for an operation.

Signs/Symptoms

Both the Gastric and Duodenum ulcers have the similar signs/symptoms. However, one should note sometimes a patient may have no symptoms at all. Some of the common symptoms of disease given below:

  • Pain or irritation in the middle or upper region of the stomach
  • Indigestion
  • Vomiting
  • weight loss, etc.

In Gastric ulcer problem may start after eating whereas in the Duodenum ulcer problem may occur if the stomach is empty for long. Intake of antacids may not bring the desired results in Gastric ulcer, but may work well in the Duodenum ulcer.

Diagnosis/Tests

Sometimes, the symptoms help in proper detection of the disease. A physician may carry out medical tests like the Upper G1 endoscopy or the Biopsy. Sometimes, the Barium Meal X-ray done to detect the disease. Moreover, to detect presence of the H Biliary Bacterium, stool, blood and breathe test could be done.

Things To Remember

People suffering from ulcer need to follow a controlled diet and lifestyle. Given below, some points to keep in mind:

  • Avoid drinking and smoking
  • Eat foods rich in fiber
  • Avoid raw fruits and vegetables like lemons, grapes and tomatoes.
  • Eat cereals and fruits like oats, corn flakes, apples and bananas.
  • Avoid intake of painkillers
  • Take adequate amount of regular rest
  • Drink adequate amount of water to neutralize the acid in tummy
  • Always consult your physician for proper guidance.

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