Pituitary Gland Tumor (Tumor Inside The Brain)-Prolactinomas and Cushings Disease
Pituitary Gland and Tumors
A pituitary gland is found at the base of your brain. It's a small oval shaped gland right below the optic nerve. When you get a pituitary tumor, it is in your pituitary gland.
Your pituitary gland is what produces your hormones and the pituitary controls your other glands which produces your body growth, etc. Below is a picture of someone with Gigantism which has been caused from the Pituitary tumor. The Pituitary Gland is commonly known as the "master gland."
There are two types of Pituitary tumors: Microadenomas (small tumors) and Macroadenomas (large tumors). The macroadenoma can put pressure on your optic nerves. A type of pituitary tumor is also called a prolactinoma and another one causes Cushing's Syndrome
Functioning and Prolactinoma Pituitary Tumors
This information describes each type of tumor as far as whether they secrete prolactin or are they functioning or non-functioning type of tumor.
Prolactinoma-Tumor that secretes prolactin
I have a pituitary tumor which is called a Prolactinoma because my tumor secretes prolactin. Actually, when I found out there was a problem, my shirt would be wet on each side where my breasts sit. That was my first clue. Of course, I was 20 and knew absolutely nothing about a tumor nor even crossed my mind anything like that could even happen.
Functioning and non-functioning tumors:
Functioning tumors (which make up about 70% of pituitary tumors) secrete prolactin or different types of hormones. Non-functioning tumors make up the rest and can cause a few more problems because it doesn't secrete any hormones.
Picture Of The Brain And Where The Pituitary Gland Is
Signs and Symptoms Of a Pituitary Tumor
I didn't have any other signs of a problem at all besides leaking breast milk. I was not pregnant, so I had no idea of what was going on. After about a week of discharge from my breasts, I thought I better check into it a little further. Well, while waiting to get into the Dr.s appt in the next month, I was supposed to have my menstrual cycle. Guess what? I didn't have one. I thought maybe I was pregnant. That made a little more sense. Breast milk, no periods; I was definitely pregnant. I did have a steady boyfriend I was seeing for a year and, well, you know the rest. Went and got pregnancy test and it came back negative. So, I waited another 2 weeks, (while I am still having discharge from my breasts), and still negative after a blood test even. Went to a few Dr.s about it and my period finally came after about 4 months. They said it was because the birth control pill caused me to have my periods mess up but no one could explain the breast milk.
So, now I'm 21 and still trying to figure out what is going on. My periods actually came to a halt when I was about 21 or 22. Met my husband (now), when I was 22. When I was 24, we married and never had another cycle. Well, without a menstrual cycle, you can't have kids. After a few visits with various doctors trying to figure out what is going on, they finally diagnosed me with the tumor. That's why I was secreting breast milk because of the prolactin releasing pituitary tumor. To shrink the pituitary tumor, I started taking Parlodel. After about 6 months or so on the medicine, my prolactin levels dropped enough because I was got pregnant. I cried like I never cried before. They said I couldn't have children.
Pituitary Tumors are common
First, let me say, I was blessed with a wonderful child and I thank God for him every day. I still have the tumor and I am 44. I get it checked every couple years or when I remember because I do have other health issues that interfere with my caring about it basically.
This kind of tumor is more common that you realize and I wrote this article to share my experience and hopefully let someone else know that you can still have a child if you have a prolactinoma and ALMOST ALL pituitary tumors are benign (not cancerous).
The downsize of having a pituitary tumor, is that if they remove it, they say about 90% of them grow back. That's why I never had mine removed and I just keep tabs on it and make sure to have it checked. They can grow and if you start to have vision problems, it could be an indication it is pressing on your optic nerve. Make sure to visit your doctor regularly and get blood tests done to watch your prolactin levels.
If you have any questions, I would be happy to help answer them or find out the information you are looking for.
Thanks for reading my hub and please check out my other hubs as most of what I write is on health issues.
Do Pituitary Tumors Cause Headaches
I did want to add the Doctors say it doesn't cause headaches, but I disagree. I have talked to a lot of people who have these tumors, and almost all of them complain of headaches. I live on Excedrin migraine. It's just my thought. If you have any input or insight, feel free to join in on the comments as they are most welcome!
Adult With Cushing's Syndrome
The Pituitary Tumor Can Cause Cushing's Syndrome or Cushing's Disease
Now, there is another disease called "Cushing'a Disease" caused by a pituitary tumor also. This is a little more rare of a condition by the pituitary, but it can arise.Cushings has different more noticeable symptoms which are as follows:
Moon face (Round, full figured face and usually red)
Above the waist (your upper body) is usually on the heavier side but you have thin legs and arms
Very slow growth when you were young
Excess hair on your face is a very good noticeable sign as well
I didn't have Cushings, so I don't know a whole lot about the disease, but I will provide you with plenty of links and information here as well so you can check that out if it will help you any.
Information On Pituitary Tumors And Cushing's Syndomre
- Cushing's Disease Website
Cushings disease Website. Great information on what causes it, symptoms, what to do, etc.
- Migraine Headaches-What's Causing Them and How To Cope With This Debilitating Pain
information for people that suffer with migraines. Symptoms and what to do if you get one