ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Plaque Psoriasis – Pictures, Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Updated on December 19, 2013

Psoriasis is a genetic disorder that has the potential to cause immune system dysfunction and abnormally affect various parts of the body. One of the most visible symptoms of psoriasis is inflamed, raised skin known as plaque. Plaque refers to reddish, scaly skin which typically affects the elbows, scalp, and knees. Plaque psoriasis affects about two to three percent of the population in the United States.

Symptoms of Plaque Psoriasis

Some of the signs and symptoms of plaque psoriasis are listed below:

  • Patients will elicit typical cutaneous, scaly, tiny, reddish bumps.
  • Such elevations often combine together to form raised plaques of skin.
  • The skin abnormalities are generally noticeable on the knees, elbows, and scalp. It is also possible for other parts of the body and skin to be affected by plaque psoriasis
  • The skin anomalies can result in itchiness
  • In rare case, a majority of the skin surface experiences plaque psoriasis

It may be noted that individuals affected by psoriasis are at increased risk to developing diabetes, obesity, premature cardiovascular disease, and destructive arthritis.

When to seek medical advice

After a patient experiences the symptoms of plaque psoriasis, he/she has to seek medical attention to confirm the diagnosis of the condition. The doctor will then suggest all possible treatment options, as well as guidelines to minimize the complications arising from the condition. Individuals affected by mild cases of plaque psoriasis can find relief with the use of over the counter drugs.

Patients affected by severe cases of plaque psoriasis are most likely to suffer from wide-ranging and debilitating effects of the disease. In such cases, doctors will recommend a diverse range of treatment options which can alleviate the many manifestations of plaque psoriasis.

Causes of Plaque Psoriasis

As is the case with other kinds of disorders, plaque psoriasis also exhibits a considerable amount of interplay between environmental and genetic factors as its cause.

The pathway for the disease is laid down by some kinds of genetic mutation. It is understood than multiple number of mutations in multiple types of genes are necessary to the formation of plaque psoriasis.

After the defective genes are passed on to the child, the presence of certain kinds of environmental facts will trigger the onset of the disease. These factors can be a simple injury, or some types of common bacterial or viral infections.

Diagnosis of Plaque Psoriasis

Most health care providers and dermatologists are generally able to diagnose plaque psoriasis simply by checking for three major criteria, i.e. the tendency to develop plaque, the appearance of skin abnormalities, and the scattering of plaque on the scalp, knees, and elbows. Plaque psoriasis can also effect a single or multiple nails on the toes and finger, leading to abnormalities which look like fungal infections.The disease rare affects the mouth or lips.

Sometimes, atypical cases of plaque psoriasis may need a biopsy to supplement the clinical diagnosis. A biopsy involves surgical removal of a tiny piece of skin affected by plaque psoriasis, and its examination under a microscope.

Blood tests are not necessary as they are usually not helpful in confirming the diagnosis.

Treatment of Plaque Psoriasis

There is no known cure for plaque psoriasis. However, the symptoms of the disease can be managed with medications and other treatment options. It may be noted that the disease experiences regular episodes of remission, flare-ups, and complications, which often occur at the same time. Most patients recount that such changes in the disease’s activity are often preceded by psychological stress or an environmental event. Such occurrences tend to make treatment of plaque psoriasis quite difficult.

As plaque psoriasis cannot be cured, doctors focus on enhancing the independence and well-being of the patient. Doctors will recommend treatment options according to the severity of the disease. Localized and mild instances of plaque psoriasis are treated with topical medications, while widespread and extreme cases will need expensive, systemic, and potentially dangerous treatment.

Some of the treatment options for plaque psoriasis are listed below:

  • A number of topical prescription drugs can be used to treat plaque psoriasis. Such medications are composed of tar, topical steroids in varied potency, and vitamin D-like elements.
  • System therapies for plaque psoriasis include temporary dosage of cyclosporine therapy for extreme flare-ups; vitamin A-like drug acitretin; and methotrexate.
  • Another effective treatment option for plaque psoriasis is the administration of UV light at varied wavelengths under controlled conditions in a clinic. It may be given with or without additional medications. Examples of UV therapy include PUVA and narrow-band UVB
  • Biologics are new and costly drugs that specially target the abnormalities in the skin. They are more efficient as compared to the immunosuppressive drugs.

It is important to note that all the above listed treatment options have to be continued for the lifetime of a patient. If the treatment is stopped, then plaque psoriasis is most likely to recur.

Plaque Psoriasis Pictures


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)