ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Post Partum Depression is an Epidemic

Updated on April 3, 2012

Post partum depression affects roughly 13-15% of all mothers following the birth of their child. Post partum is considered a moderate to severe form of depression and generally can start up anytime from directly after birth until your child reaches 1 year of age.Most of the time this occurs 2-3 months after your baby is born. These numbers should be alarming and it is the job of health care providers and the national institute of mental health to make post partum depression a priority in both funding for research and creating treatments that are not medication based as these can have an affect on children who are breast feeding

Risk Factors and Symptoms

Generally speaking the first indicators happened under a category we call baby blue. Typically baby blues only last a few days where post partum depression stays with the women for a while.

· Mood swings

· Feeling anxious

· Feeling sad

· Crying spells

· Feeling overwhelmed

The symptoms of postpartum depression are the same as the symptoms of depression that occurs at other times in life. Along with a sad or depressed mood, you may have some of the following symptoms:

· Agitation or irritability

· Changes in appetite

· Feelings of worthlessness or guilt

· Feeling withdrawn or unconnected

· Lack of pleasure or interest in most or all activities

· Loss of concentration

· Loss of energy

· Problems doing tasks at home or work

· Negative feelings toward the baby

· Significant anxiety

· Thoughts of death or suicide

· Trouble sleeping

· Decreased sex drive

On top of these symptoms a mother with Post Partum depression may also

· Be unable to care for herself or her baby

· Be afraid to be alone with her baby

· Have negative feelings toward the baby or even think about harming the baby (Although these feelings are scary, they are almost never acted on. Still you should tell your doctor about them right away.)

· Worry intensely about the baby, or have little interest in the baby

What if you Have Post Partum Depression

Generally there is no test designed specifically for post partum depression so it is up to you to tell your primary care provider or obgyn how you are feeling. It is also the doctors job to recognize signs and symptoms as well. The treatment options for post partum depression are very minimal if you are a breast feeding mother. A few medications are declared as safe to take while breast feeding yet no real research is available to prove this since you can’t do research on babies or on the fetus generally speaking. So safety is determined through animal studies. What is known is that most of these medications do get into the breast milk its just whether or not the amount entering your baby is safe.

Therapy is another option. If the therapy path is chosen cognitive behavior therapy is generally the best option for post partum depression. Therapy is a very helpful tool when dealing with depression or really any other type of issues. The risk still being that a severely depressed mother should probably not be left alone with her children.

Where is the Research

Minimal research seems to truly be aiming at the treatment of post partum depression. Many researches seems to step away from this area directly because it requires strictly regulations, more challenging protocol and finding some to watch the newborn babies while a treatment is being provider. What is interesting is that a small study was done using Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), I have written on TMS directly if you are wondering what it is look at some of my previous depression blogs.

The small studies provided great outcomes for depression during pregnancy and post partum depression.

Review of Post Partum Research

The post partum study using TMS was conducted by Washington University. The study followed 9 women with PPD who received TMS daily for 30 treatments. The outcomes of the study were robust. Showing that 8 out of the 9 women achieved full remission, free of depressive symptom burden. 1 women did not but did respond with a 50% improvement. At a 3 and 6 month follow-up appointment all 8 women were still in full remission. This showed the TMS provided a durable treatment. Although the study was small it was the first of its kind. The outcomes made a strong case for further research. The benefit of TMS was the women did not need to take anti depressants which meant that they could still breast feed their children.

Pregnancy Research

Another small study was done using TMS on pregnant women. 10 women participated in the study and long term data was collected to see if there were on issues to the unborn baby through year 10. The TMS was given daily for 20 treatments using low frequency TMS. Of the 10 women 70% achieved responder statues which is a 50% drop in symptoms. Three achieved for remission and the other 3 saw a 25% drop in symptoms. All the babies were followed and non of them had delays or any other type of concerns through the first 10 years of life. This also provided evidence base for TMS treatment.

Final Thoughts

Post Partum depression treatment needs to be a priority in the field. Data is out their suggesting that other options are available which benefit both the mother and child. The industry should push for such a treatment.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)