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Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms and Treatment

Updated on September 4, 2010

Premenstrual Syndrome

Premenstrual syndrome or PMS that affects about 20 to 90 percent of all women who menstruate. Symptoms may vary from woman to woman. Some women experience mild discomfort, others may severe symptoms that cannot function normally. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include a wide range of symptoms and it usually starts 7 to 14 days before your period. It stops soon after it begins. All women experince at least one PMS symptom in their lifetime. Between five and ten percent of women seek medical attention because of the severity of the premenstrual syndrome. Here are the premenstrual syndrome symptoms and treatment.

Bloated abdomen - Premenstrual syndrome symptoms
Bloated abdomen - Premenstrual syndrome symptoms

Common symptoms of PMS:

Here are the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome:

  • Bloated abdomen
  • Feeling tired
  • Headache
  • Joint pain
  • Changes in appetite
  • Depression
  • Mood changes
  • Tender or swollen breasts
  • Fluid retention
  • Loss of libido
  • Sleep pattern changes
  • Food cravings
  • Weight gain
  • Insomnia
  • Pelvic cramps

Causes of premenstrual syndrome:

The causes of PMS is not yet known. However, the current theory involves abnormalities of the brain chemical serotonin and the female hormones including estrogen and progesterone.

Diagnosis: Your health care provider may ask you to keep track of your symptoms for 2 to 3 months. Record your symptoms on a sheet or calendar, and if doctor follow the same pattern, you might have premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Also Your health care provider do some physical exams and other tests to be sure that symptoms are not caused by something else.

Fiber rich foods for PMS
Fiber rich foods for PMS

 Treatment for Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS):

There is no specific treatment for Premenstrual syndrome, but you can do some lifestyle changes such as changes in diet, and plenty of sleep.

1. Complex carbohydrates: Eat complex carbohydrates such as whole grains, oats, barley, wheatgerm, beans, museli, corn, yam, lentils and brown rice. Carbohydrates provide the body with a source of fuel and energy that is required to carry out daily activities and exercise.

2. Fiber: Eat fiber rich foods such as whole grain bread, oats, legumes, brown rice and lentils. Also include in green leafy vegetables such as spinach, kale, broccoli, okra, bitter gourd, cucumber, and unripe banana. Beans also loaded with fiber and protein. Some of the bean varities include kidney beans, chick peas, peas, dry beans, moong dal, black beans, sprouted beans, and pinto beans.

3. Protein: Consume protein rich foods such as milk, eggs, lean meats, grains, legumes, nuts and seeds.

4. Salty foods: Limit salty foods and salt intake a few days before your period. Some of the salty foods include chips, pretzels, crisps, salted nuts, salty cheeses, salted butter, margarine, mayonnaise, canned vegetables, and canned juices.

5. Caffeinated drinks: Avoid caffeinated drinks including coffee, tea, soft drinks, and energy drinks.

6. Excercise atleast 30 minutes a day.

7. Get plenty of sleep

8. Reduce stress through relaxation or deep breathing exercises.

9. Vitamin Supplements and herbal remedies: Vitamin supplements and herbal remedies helps to reduce number of PMS symptoms. This may cause some side effects.Always consult your health care provider first. 


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