ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Primary Information about Epilepsy Treatments and Management

Updated on April 2, 2016

Epilepsy Treatments Explained

The first step toward treatments for epilepsy is diagnosing the condition as epilepsy and not seizures related to other non-epileptic health issues. An accurate diagnosis is vital in choosing the treatment that is most effective. It may take a few weeks or months to find a treatment and/or management program that works.

Medications, surgery, diet, and special devices to stimulate the vagus nerve have shown to be effective for reducing or stopping seizures.

See my hub , Basic Facts and Figures about Epilepsy and Seizures to learn more about the condition.

Epilepsy: Medication

Some of the common epilepsy treatments include anti-seizure medications. There are currently 20 different medications used to treat epilepsy. Dosages are crucial to how well a medication prevents seizures.

Most seizures can be controlled with one drug at the proper dosage. Dosing may change during the first phase of this treatment as the body adjusts to the medication. It often takes several months to reach the required dose for controlling seizures.

Side effects are part of taking any medication, including anti-seizure medications. These side effects will be discussed in future hubs.


Epilepsy: Diet

Some individuals can manage their epilepsy with a special diet. This is called a ketogenic diet and it involves consuming high fats and few carbohydrates. This diet is also used for people whose epilepsy cannot be controlled by medication or by any other method.

It’s a challenge to maintain a ketogenic diet as it requires strict adherence in order to be effective. The list of foods that are used for this diet are limited in range. The diet may also cause side effects that will be discussed in another hub.

Seizure Poll

Have you ever had a seizure or seen someone have one?

See results

Epilepsy: Surgery

Surgical options are less common, but may be necessary in some cases to reduce or stop the seizure activity. There are requirements that must be met before a surgeon will perform brain surgery for epilepsy.

An MRI is used to locate the area(s) of the brain affected by the seizures. For instance, if seizures start in one area, they will focus on that area to prevent this abnormal brain activity. Surgery always comes with risk and can cause future problems for some patients.

Nerve cells
Nerve cells | Source

Epilepsy: Devices

Devices that stimulate the vagus nerve has helped some people with epilepsy who cannot control their seizures with medication or diet. The vagus nerve stimulator has only been used since 1997 when the FDA approved it for the treatment of epilepsy.

The device is implanted underneath the skin in the chest and is then attached to the vagus nerve found in the lower part of the neck. It releases short bursts of electrical current from the vagus nerve to the brain. Medications are not usually stopped for this treatment, but used in conjunction with it. This treatment has been found to reduce seizures by around 20-40 percent.

MainMD Video on Epilepsy

Epilepsy: Alternatives

Alternative medicine deserves its own hub, and it will get it soon. However, for this hub it’s being mentioned along with all types of epilepsy treatments used today.

Vitamins for deficiencies, herbal remedies, meditation, yoga, biofeedback, self-control, chiropractic, and acupuncture are used as standalone as well as complimentary treatments with conventional medicine to treat, reduce, or stop seizures caused by epilepsy.

Epilepsy: Future Technology

What does the future hold for individuals with epilepsy? Advanced technology may be opening the door to finding effective treatments for epilepsy. The currently known primary technology is related to pacemakers. While this is in its experimental stage, it shows promise.

Yes. Just like they use pacemakers to stabilize the heart rate, they are studying how similar technology will work for epilepsy. The process includes a minimally invasive, MRI-guided laser ablation surgery to place the pacemaker.

Stereotactic radiosurgery is another potential future epilepsy treatment in its research phase. The process would involve direct radiation to the specific area where the seizure activity is happening in the brain.


Epilepsy: Hope on the Horizon

There is no cure for epilepsy. Treatment options will vary between individuals and their needs. Great strides have been made over the past 20 years regarding the treatment of epilepsy. One never knows what the future holds for those who suffer with this chronic health condition. There is always hope.

Please see my hub, My Life with Epilepsy - Part I - Tremors and Secrets.



    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)