Protein- The Soy Protein Basics
Soy protein comes from soy aka soyabeans, a legume, which is a family of plants higher in proteins. Its been over a decade since fitness world has been overwhelmed with the introduction on soy and its products. Now, soy has certainly become so popular that it is been recommended by health experts and medical practitioners, mainly because of its various health benefits. Also, soy is the only plant food which give complete protein(contains all essential amino acids).
Types of Soy proteins:
- Soy protein isolate: This is the most pure form of soy protein. Contains about 90% protein.
- Soy protein concentrate: Soybean without the water soluble carbohydrates. It contains about 70% protein.
- Textured soy protein: The processed form of soy protein concentrate by giving it sum texture which can be used as meat replacement.
Advantages of Soy:
- Contains Antioxidants: Antioxidants are compounds that repair and prevent cell damage caused by day to day activities, pollution etc. Also, it prevents the formation of free radicals which have the potential to cause damage to DNA.
- Protection against cancer: Studies has shown some results that the soluble fibres protects from gastric cancers. Also, isoflavons, which are secondary vegetable substances acts as oestrogen in the body and have protective functions. It is claimed to have protections against cancer associated with uterus, prostrate and breast.
- Prevents Osteoporosis: Protein content in soy aid in the absorption and retaining of calcium content in bones.[Osteoporosis is a condition in which bones are weakened due to several reasons like reduced Ca absorption. At critical cases, minute perforations are made ont the bone which result in breakage.]
- Help control diabetic conditions.
- Tofu: It is also known as soya curd, is a soft cheese like food made by curdling soya milk with a coagulant.
- Soy milk: Contains rich creamy milk of whole soybeans. Good source of protein and iron, and can be used like cow's milk.
- Soynuts: Ready to make easy snacks. Available in different flavors.
- Soy protein bars: These are protein bars made out of soy.
- Soy butter: Made from roasted soybeans and soybean oil.
- Soy flour: comes from ground roasted soybeans. May be used in any recipe which uses flour, but needs to be mixed with a bit of regular flour because it contains no gluten(a composite of the proteins conjoined with srarch).
On the other hand, while every one is praising and especially big companies publicize its benefits, some disadvantages of soy are being covered by all these havoc. Im not discussing it here, but keep your eyes open for my next hub on that topic.