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Eating Disorders & Substance Abuse Id'ed

Updated on August 20, 2018
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Rodric completed his bachelor of psychology through the University of Phoenix. His perspective provides guidance and education.

The More You Know

Caution: This article is not intended to diagnose or confirm a self-diagnosis of any mental illness. Always consult a trained specialist.

The body of psychological research and the debate that research creates provide ample ammunition to review and diagnose behavioral schemes for prognosis and perspective. There is a wide range of treatment for mental illness.

Eating, gender, sexual, personality disorders and substance abuse occur commonly enough in American society to cause great concern as the number of cases of the varied disorders increase.

As the disorders become more recognized, a proper understanding of each provides an aware approach to those who exhibit the symptoms of each. In this article, a brief exploration of the different disorders receives minute attention.

The human body is resilient but is not designed to sustain itself with the damage that occurs from no nutrients being consumed or, nutrients not absorbed because the consumed food was expelled; or the over-consumption of food which causes stored fat.

Eating Disorders

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Disproportionately distributed, eating disorders occur in the female population more frequently than in males.

In the United States, as many as 10 million females and 1 million males are fighting a life and death battle with an eating disorder such as anorexia or bulimia. Millions more are struggling with binge eating disorder.1

The millions of suffers from these disorders, less than half of a percent of the US population, share a distorted view of what constitutes nutrition—a mal-adaption to normal eating patterns.

Anorexia affects sufferers who refuse to maintain a normal body weight and who insist on dieting when he or she has no medical reason to diet. Usually, this disorder is in conjunction with some other psychological factor that aids the suffer in continuing the self-destructive behavior.

Bulimia, another eating disorder, occurs when individuals eat an excess amount of food followed by forced regurgitation. This disorder is accompanied also by other emotional and/or psychological challenges. The sufferer eats with the knowledge that after the need to consume food is satisfied, he or she must purge his or her system or risk gaining unwanted weight.

Binge Eating Disorder occurs when a sufferer eats massive amounts of food at a time without any counters for the binge. These sufferers are generally overweight to some degree and do maintain a proper diet for a season, but cannot resist the urge to eat mass quantities of food trying to fulfill some emotional or psychological need that may or may not be known,

The bodies of these sufferers get destroyed because of the lack of nutrition the occurs. The human body is resilient but is not designed to sustain itself with the damage that occurs from no nutrients being consumed, nutrients not absorbed because the consumed food was expelled; or the over-consumption of food which causes stored fat.

The problem is not limited to the United States, but it an issue that afflicts people across the world.

Any substance that provides artificial changes to the body to influence psychological processes for recreational purposes poses dangerous consequences over time.

Substance Abuse

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Substance abuse disorders occur when people misuse substances whether legal or illegal for an extended period—up to a year.

“At least one-quarter of the U. S. population will meet the criteria for a substance use disorder over the course of their lifetimes, making substance misuse the most common of all mental disorders.”2

This fourth of the population that exhibits the substance abuse disorder suffer from levels of addiction from mild to severe.

Depressants, one of several types of substances in the DSM-IV, slow the process of the central nervous system. Alcohol, sedative-hypnotic and opioids commonly surface as major depressants.

Stimulants work opposite depressants in that these substances, commonly cocaine, amphetamines, nicotine, and caffeine,increases the activity in the central nervous center.

Hallucinogens, or drugs like lysergic acid diethylam (LSD), psilocybin, (mushrooms) and peyote, produce hallucinations, or visions created in the mind that interfere with sensory organs distorting perception.

Other Drugs that fail to fit the major categories include Marijuana, Ecstasy, phencyclidine (PCP), Inhalants and Anabolic Steroids.

Though the above is not an exhaustive list of the different substances legal and illegal that can harm the body and mind if used improperly, it is important to know the effects that these types of drugs can have on the mental health. Any substance that provides artificial changes to the body to influence psychological processes for recreational purposes poses dangerous consequences over time. If it is not for medicinal purposes, using substances to alter the chemistry of the brain is extremely dangerous. Doing so could result in disability or loss of life.

Be Aware

The American Psychological Association and other organizations provide many sources of information and aid to assist those who lack the proper understanding of access. The body of research provides ample ammunition to review and seek proper treatment and appropriate perspective to treatment.

If while reading you feel that any of the information applies to your life, please seek medical help as soon a possible. Addiction and mental health concerns are not anchors to hold sufferers down. There is help and healing when a team of support is involved.

Sources

Hansell, J., & Damour, L. (2005). Abnormal Psychology. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley

  • (Hansell & Damour, 2005, Pg. 256)2

National Eating Disorder Associations (2009). Statistics: Eating Disorders and Their Precursors.

© 2018 Rodric Anthony

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