STYE OR EXTERNAL HORDEOLUM
WHAT IS STYE OR EXTERNAL HORDEOLUM?
STYE OR EXTERNAL HORDEOLUM is a suppurative inflamation of the follicle of the eyelash including the gland of Zeis.
What are the symptoms?
Acute pain in the lid margin with a sense of heaviness and heat.
What are the clinical signs?
- Swelling, redness and marked odema of the affected lid.
- Marked tenderness at the point of inflammation on the lid margin.
- Chemosis of the bulbar conjunctiva may occur.
- Finally a white pus point becomes visible on the lid margin in relation to the root of the cilia.
- Enlargement of the corresponding pre-auricular lymph gland.
- The pus point bursts outside and pain and swelling subsides.
What are the predisposing factors?.
- Age: It can occur in any age but common in young adults.
- Metabolic factors: Diabetes, debility and excessive intake of carbohydrate.
What is the causative agent?
STYE is contagious also, means other persons can catch the disease from the infected patient.
What is the treatment?
- Hot compress 2-3 times a day.
- Antibiotics 8 hourly.
- Ofloxacin ophthalmic ointment at bed time
- When the pus points, the pus should be drained either by pulling out the affected eyelash or by a tiny horizontal incision with a knife.