- Women's Health
Second Trimester Pregnancy Symptoms and Relief
Every pregnancy can produce different symptoms. Women who have more than one child may have very dissimilar experiences from one pregnancy to another. Following is a list of common symptoms during the second trimester, alone with simple relief measures.
During the second trimester, you can expect many of the symptoms you may have experienced at the beginning of your pregnancy to decrease. If you have been suffering from nausea, it will most likely taper off. Frequency of urination should also decrease. Your breasts may still be sensitive, but the ache will probably subside. However, there are some new and exciting sensations to enjoy!
Nasal congestion - All the extra blood in your body can result in swollen nasal and ear passages. The increase circulation also puts pressure on the delicate veins of the nose, which can cause nosebleeds. Keep fluid intake high, elevate your head in bed, and keep your environment moist with a humidifier.
Bleeding gums - Many women notice a bit of pink on the toothbrush. As pregnancy progresses, the amount of blood may increase but shouldn't cause discomfort. Make sure you use an extra soft toothbrush.
Swelling - Ankles, feet, hands, face, and neck are all common areas for swelling. This is a result of the increased fluids in the body. It is usually just a nuisance, but swelling can be a symptom of something more serious, so it's best to discuss with a doctor.
Varicose veins - Increases pressure on veins can cause blood to pool. These varicose veins can often be seen through the skin. They usually do not cause discomfort and subside after the baby is born. If you need to be on your feet a good portion of the day, you may have to wear those awful looking support hose. Comfort over beauty!
Hemorrhoids - Hemorrhoids are varicose veins of the rectum and often result from the pressure of the uterus on major blood vessels, combined with the relaxing effect of progesterone on the bowel. They can bleed and may become painful. If they do either, see the doctor. If they're not too bad, you can sit on a pillow or in a warm bath.
Vaginal discharge - Many women have a whitish vaginal discharge called leukorrhea that increases throughout pregnancy. Invest in the value box of panty liners.
Fetal movement - Sometime during the second trimester you will feel the baby kick. The baby's movement often feels like gas at first to many women. Once you get used to the sensation you'll treasure it.
Confusion and clumsiness - It is perfectly normal for a pregnant woman to find it hard to concentrate. You may feel scatterbrained or confused. A pregnant woman's hormones are re-adjusting all the time. Slow down and give yourself a break.
Changes in orgasm - Pregnant women may find it more or less difficult to reach orgasm. A healthy sex life can continue throughout pregnancy as long as you have a good attitude about the changes in your body.
Backache - It's extremely important during pregnancy to practice proper body mechanics. The added weight of the baby and increased body fluids puts pressure on the spine. Take care to rest, exercise, and move carefully.
Skin pigmentation - Some women develop a dark line from the pubic bone up to the navel. This is called a linea nigra and is usually more prominent in darker skinned women. The mask of pregnancy refers to darkening around the cheeks, nose, and eyes of fair skinned women. (Darker skin may lighten in these areas.)
Acne - Women who suffer acne often find that the hormonal changes of pregnancy either improve their acne, or make it worse. Drink plenty of water.