ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Short Guide to Depression

Updated on March 25, 2010

A Frank Discussion About Depression

• Know the definition, signs and symptoms of depression

• Effects on workplace, children and family

• Obstacles to seeking help

• Treatments for depression

• How to talk to a depressed person about getting help


Basic Facts

• What is depression?

• How long does it last?

• Can it be cured?

• What are the types of depression?



What Causes Depression?

• A disorder of the brain

• Brain circuitry responsible for the regulation of moods, thinking, sleep, appetite, and behavior fail to function properly

• A combination of genetic, cognitive, and environmental factors are often involved in the onset of a depressive disorder



Signs and Symptoms of Depression

• Sadness

• Feelings of extreme guilt

• Suicidal ideas

• Insomnia

• Diminished interest in activities

• Difficulty concentrating

• Anxiety

• Appetite changes

• Weight changes

• Irritability

• Mood swings

• Distorted thinking

• Low self-esteem

• Feelings of hopelessness

• Exhaustion

• Feelings of helplessness

• Agitation

• Social withdrawal

• Indecisiveness

• Decreased sexual interest



Symptoms in the Workplace:

• Persistent sad & empty mood

• Feeling hopeless

• Loss of interest in ordinary activities

• Disturbances in eating and sleeping patterns; fatigue at work

• Irritability with co-workers

• Difficulty concentrating; missed deadlines; errors

• Thoughts of suicide


Effects of Depression in the Workplace

• Decreased productivity

• Morale problems

• Lack of cooperation

• Safety problems, accidents

• Absenteeism

• Frequent complaints of being tired all the time

• Complaints of unexplained aches and pains

• Alcohol and drug abuse


Obstacles to Seeking Treatment

• Embarrassment, the stigma of mental illness: “only crazy people go to shrinks”

• Believing depression is a personal weakness: “I just need to buckle down and deal with it”

• “It costs too much”, or “I don’t have time”

• A belief that treatment won’t help

• A feeling of not deserving help

• In severe depression, people lack the ability to take action



Treatments for Depression

• Inpatient

– If danger to self or others

– Should include both medication and psychotherapy

• Outpatient

– Psychotherapy, a talk therapy, one-to-one, group and/or marital

– Medication Treatments for Depression

• Need to be aware of dual diagnosis e.g. alcohol/drugs and depression.

• With appropriate treatment approximately 80% recover

• Improvement usually seen in a matter of weeks.



Suicide – Basic Facts

• Suicide rates are not the highest during the holidays

• Journal of American Medical Association reports that 95% of all

suicides occur at the peak of a depressive episode

• As per the Center for Disease Control, suicide rate is 10.8 per

100,000 lives

• Cause of a suicide is very complicated; much more than the break up of a relationship

• Over 90% of those that take their life have a significant psychiatric

illness at the time of their death


Risk Factors

• Previous suicide attempt

• History of depression

• History of substance abuse

• Family history of suicide

• Impulsive or aggressive tendencies

• Loss of a relationship, loved one, social network, employment,

physical health, finances

• Easy access to lethal methods



Protective Factors For Suicidal Person

• Access to counseling and support

• Family and community support

• Skills in problem solving and conflict resolution

• Cultural and religious beliefs


Understanding Suicidal Signs:

• It is difficult to deal with a sudden and unexplainable death

• There is no opportunity to tie up "loose ends"

• Changes in behavior, personality, or mood

• Verbal cues such as "What's the point of living?", "Soon you

won't have to worry about me" or "Who cares if I'm dead

anyway?"

• Expressing feelings that life is meaningless or hopeless

• Giving away cherished possessions

• Neglect of appearance or hygiene

• Sudden unexplained deterioration of work performance or

Productivity

Responding to Warning Suicidal Signs

• If someone confides to you their suicidal ideas or plans, share that information with an appropriate resource – don’t  keep it to yourself.

• Find help.  This may require mobilizing other people.

• The person requires immediate help if there is any indication that they have been considering suicide or having suicidal thoughts

• Do not leave a suicidal person alone as they are in immediate danger 

What Can You Do?

• Learn about depression

• Know the sources of help available

• Recognize when someone shows signs that might be depression-related

• Don’t diagnose the problem yourself

• Be flexible about scheduling, to accommodate their seeking treatment

• “You don’t have to feel that way. There are effective treatments”.

• Encourage staying in treatment and/or continuing to take their medication

• If suicidal, call their therapist, or local mental health emergency services for help for them

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Jane Forrest profile image

      Janie Walker 

      8 years ago from Glasgow Scotland UK

      what a precise and helpful article. I may use this to help people in future. Many thanks

      jane

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)