Skin And It's Problems:Causes And Treatment
Despite the fact that, we may not think about our skin as an organ, but rather it truly is. It's the body's biggest organ, weighing 8 pounds and covering about 2 square meter. Our skin is a key organ and is the most noticeable impression of what's happening inside our body, because it is made out of an unpredictable arrangement of cell layers, nerves, and organs.
Every one wants to have a smooth, glowing and flawless skin.Now-a-days, because of number of ailments, irritations, and allergies, perfect and immaculate skin has become a far off dream for many people. It's really a nuisance but let's face the fact that skin problems have become a part of our daily life and there are number of factors responsible for this such as hormonal imbalance, improper nutrition and excessive use cosmetic on the skin which make skin prone to various related problems. This article will thus give an overview about most of the skin probelms experienced by people, their cause and remedies.
Acne, as the most commonest skin disorder on earth is the cause of frustration and depression for about 85% of the adult hitting puberty. It can make out feel unattractive and isolated just like I did to me few years ago. I started hating my skin.But then I found the solution to my problem and you will too. So have patience!
Acne is characterized as a disease that affects the skin's sebaceous glands which give rise to pustules or we can say pimples on the skin. If you suffered from acne, you know that it's emotional influence is beyond skin deep.
TYPES OF ACNE:
⦁ Acne Mechanica
⦁ Acne Conglobata
⦁ Pyoderma Faciale
⦁ Consort Acne
⦁ Pomade Acne
⦁ Acne Vulgaris(The most common of all)
HOW IS IT FORMED?
We know that our skin is constantly shedding dead cells. It's the natural way that our skin breathes and rejuvenates itself. These dead cells come out from tiny little pores. These pores are connected to the oil gland through the hair follicle. These oil glands secrete a greasy substance called sebum. Sometimes, these pores are blocked by dirt , dead cells or hair and then it becomes clogged.Then a bacteria caused Propionibacterium acne traps inside and prevents the secretion of sebum which cause swelling. This can lead to different awful things like blackhead, pustules, white head and papules.
THE BACTERIA THAT CAUSES ACNE :
HOME REMEDIES FOR ACNE:
Natural ways of treating acne are ususlly a good way to elimnate this. U might be thinking that I am talking like your grandma telling you to play with kitchen stuff and all that. But believe me this actually works better than those strange chemicals!
1.CINNAMON AND HONEY TREATMENT :
Cinnamon is antimicrobial properties and honey is a natural anti-biotic, So the combination of these two can kill and wipe those tiny bacteria's out.
Mix 2 tablespoons of honey with 1 table spoon of cinnamon. Apply this paste on your face and leave this for 15 to 20 minutes.Then rinse.
Apple cider is alkaline and balances the pH of your skin, which in turn makes it harder for bacteria to thrive.
Make a proportion of 1 part of vinegar to 3 components water, dip cotton ball into it and rub it to the affected area. Leave it for 10 minutes and rinse.
Banana peel contains lutien that is very powerful antioxidant which reduces inflammation and redness. So they be helpful for treating acne.
Peel the banana and rub the peel on your face for atleast half an hour.Then rinse.
Alovera have anti-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory properties. It can comfort your skin against acne.
Extract that gel from alovera and apply it to your trouble locations then rinse.
Mint contains menthol, that funtions to be natural anti-inflammatory and agony mindblowing. It may help with your red skin caused by acne and relieving your pain.
Mash mint in the mortar. Apply this paste onto the face and leave for 5 to 10 minutes and rinse.
If your acne is still not going with natural remedies, then you should seek medical assistance. Most of the dermatologist recommend you take or apply following medications.
⦁ Benzoyl peroxide.
⦁ Salicylic acid.
⦁ Clindamycin, Doxycycline, Erythromycin, and Tetracycline.
TOPICAL RETIONOID MEDICINES:
⦁ Tretinoin ,Adapalene and Tazarotene.
⦁ Azelaic acid
Chronic problems like acne are not treated fully over night so have patience. I know all the people suffering from acne want a speedy solution to acne. If you want to treat it, you have give time to your treatment to have a good effect. So stay committed to have a acne-free skin!
Rosacea is a common but one of the most misdiagnosed and misunderstood conditions that mainly affects the face. Those who suffer from rosacea, know how life threathning disease this is! Because it affects the patient by causing emotional stress-which can be more worse then pain causing disease!
Rosacea is a chronic, inflammatory condition causing redness and produces small, red coloured, pus filled bumps mostly around the cheeks, nose and chin. Rosacea affects around 3% of the people worldwide. It worsens if left untreated. It produces burning and stinging sensations and flushing on the skin, which can be irritating and awful for the sufferer.
⦁ Erthematotelangiectatic Rosacea
⦁ Paplopustular Rosacea
⦁ Phymatous Rosacea
⦁ Ocular Rosacea
BACTERIA THAT CAUSES ACNE:
Demodex folliculorum and Bacillus oleronious
These two bacteria are thought to be the causing agents of rosacea.
Exact cause of rosacea is still not confirmed. But scientist have found that low immunity is the cause of rosacea. Low immunity favours the reaction of microscopic mites on the face which leads to inflammation. Other factors like, abormalities in the blood vessels of the face may also be the cause of rosacea.
Certain triggers have been found to make rosacea worse.These include
⦁ Drinking hot drinks
⦁ Excessive drinking of alcohol and caffeine
⦁ Spice food
⦁ Exposure to sunlight
Home remedies for rosacea may be effective for treating it without making it worse.
1:OLIVE LEAF EXTRACT:
It is one of the best powerful cleanser and detoxifiers. It boost up the immune system, which is something every rosacea sufferer needs.
Oatmeal soothes and reduces redness, itching and functions as a agent to get rid of rosacea.
3:TEA TREE OIL:
Tea is a strong generator of anti redness and antiseptic properties that can help treat rosacea naturally.
Apple cider has anti inflammatory properties and it can induce cooling to the burning sensation caused by rosacea.
Cucumber can exfoliate the affected skin by cooling it.
Antibiotics recommeded by the dermatologist include :
Other treatments are :
⦁ Dermabrasion(procedure that removes the skin)
⦁ Electrocautery(procedure that sends current itno the skin)
Eczema is a term used for dry, itching, red and flared-up skin. It is a superficial inflammatory process involving epidermis primarily. It also forms minutes papules and vesicles on the skin. Eczema exists in mild and severe forms. In mild form, skin appears as dry and rashy while in extreme forms, it makes the affected skin cracked, crusted and oozed. Eczema affects 3% of the adults and 20% of the infant in U.S.
TYPES OF ECZEMA:
⦁ Contact Dermatitis
⦁ Dyshidrotic Eczema
⦁ Seborrheic Dermatitis
⦁ Nummular Eczema
⦁ Statsis Dermatitis
⦁ Atopic Dermatitis(most common from of eczema)
BACTERIA THAT CAUSE ECZEMA:
A bacteria called staphylococcus aureus enters the skin with a weakened barrier and penetrates deep. This causes the immune cells in the skin to treat in a way that produce inflammation in the skin, which ultimately leads to eczema
1:VIRGIN COCONUT OIL:
Virgin Cocnut Oil is best treatment for eczema like rash.
2:ALOE VERA GEL:
Aloe vera gel mixed with Vitamin E is a useful remedy for allergy.
Carrots are used to treat eczema like rashes.
Take carrot and boil them until they are soft.Mash and then apply to rash areas for 10 minutes and rinse.
Cucumber has exfoliating and rejuvenating properties, which can reduce many of the eczema symptoms.
Cut cucumber and allow the slices to soak in water for two hours.Then apply it to the affected area. Make a tea of calendula, a marigold flower, with five drops of lavender essential oil added, then apply to the affected area twice a day until the irritation is relieved.
MEDICATIONS AND CLINICAL TREATMENT:
The condition of eczema are is not completely cured. But still there are ways to reduce the effects caused by it.These include :
⦁ Antihistamines (that cause drowsiness and reduce the risk of scratching.
⦁ Topical calcineurin inhibitors (Drug that reduces the activities of immune system and decreases inflammation)
⦁ Phototherapy which involves the exposure of ultraviolet A or on the affected skin can treat mild eczema.
Vitiligo is an skin disorder portrayed by blotches or we can say patches of discolored skin. The pigment is lost from the areas of the skin, causing whitish patches. This disease mostly attacks on exposed skin like face, neck and hands. But researchers have found that it may bring about the loss of pigment inside the mouth, on the eyes, and on the hair, so it can influence any area of the body that have pigmented cells.
About 4% of individuals on average suffer from vitiligo all around the world. It is not life threatening and contagious disease but it can prompt serious social and emotional threat.
TYPES OF VITILIGO:
⦁ Segmental vitiligo (affects one side of body)
⦁ Non-segmental vitiligo (effects both sides of body and is more common)
There are certain cells that give specific pigment(melanin) to different areas of the skin which are called melanocytes. Sometimes, your immune system mistakenly attacks some part of your own body and those melanocytes are destroyed. And those areas become pigment-less. Hormonal imbalance, sunburn or emotional stress may also be the cause of destruction of melanocytes.
HOME REMEDIES FOR VITILIGO:
No permanant cure is present for vitiligo but the main goal of treatment is to improve the appearance of discolored skin either from home remedies or dermatologist prescribed medication.These include:
1:TURMERIC AND MUSTARD:
Turmeric and mustard helps to reduce white patches from the skin.
Take 5 tea spoons of turmeric powder and 250ml of mustard oil and mix .Now apply this paste on your face and leave it for 15 to 20 minutes.Then rinse.
2:SWEET BASIL LEAVES:
Basil leaves are found to be effective in treating vigilito skin probelm.
Add two tea spoons of basil leaves extract to five spoons of lemon juice and mix.Then apply on your face for 15 minutes then rinse.
They can be used to treat vitiligo.
Grind 3 to 4 walnut and mix it with water and then apply it to affected areas.Leave for it for 15 minutes and wash.
⦁ Topical calcipotriene is form of Vitmin D and this can be used to treat vitiligo.
⦁ Psoralen and immunodulator are used to treat pigment less areas.
Milia, also called milk spots,are small cyst, white in color,filled with keratinous material formed on the top skin layer called the epidermis. They are hard and 1-2 mm small in size.They appear on nose, cheeks, forehead and chest.
They are made up of cells from the dead skin layer called the stratum corneum. Milia don't form from a pore, dead cells are just trapped and form a pocket like appearance.
The exact cause of milia is not known but it is found that they are associated with some type of damage to skin the skin like blistering, sun burns, skin resurfacing procedures and continued use of steroid creams.
TYPES OF MILIA:
⦁ Neonatal milia
⦁ Milia en plaque
⦁ Primary milia
⦁ Juvenile milia
⦁ Multiple eruptive milia
⦁ Traumatic milia
⦁ Associated with drugs
HOME REMEDIES FOR MILIA:
1:SANDALWOOD AND ROSE WATER:
A combination of these helps to get rid of excess oil and removes dead skin cells thereby reducing milia.
Apply the combination of sandalwood and rose water on your face and leave it for 15 minutes.Then rinse.
Castor oil has natural healing and anti bacterial properties and also helps control oil production.
Apply one-half teaspoon castor oil on your face and leave it until absorbed.Do this for several months.
Retinol has exfoliating properties and is used to fight acne and signs of agging.
Apply a pea sized amount of retinol to milia-covered area every night.Wait 30 minutes then rinse.
Dermatologist mostly recommend these medications for the milia which include:
Niacin is commonly known as Vitamin B3-a important nutrient of our diet.Many believe that it is capable of treating milia.
It is known as Vitamin H.It is may help to release milia quicker.
3:TRETINOIN, ORAL ETRETINATE AND MINOCYCLINE
These are used to treat milia en plaque.
A wart is actually a infection caused in upper layer of the skin which looks like a blister. Generally it appears as a pale small out growth that are mostly formed on a person's hands or feet. A hefty portion of us have had a wart some place on our bodies sooner or later. Other than being an annoyance, most warts are safe and go away all alone within about 18 months.
TYPES OF HUMAN WARTS:
⦁ Planar warts
⦁ Genital warts
⦁ Flat warts
HOW ARE THEY FORMED?
When a virus called human papillovirus or HPV, invade the outer layer of skin through a tiny scratch or a tiny cut, then it causes rapid growth of the cell then a wart begins to form.
VIRUS THAT CAUSE WARTS:
⦁ Human papillovirus or HPV
HOME REMEDIES FOR WARTS:
Vitamin C have been found very effective for treating warts.
Crush a couple vitamin C tablets, blend with enough water to make a glue and spot it onto your wart. Spread the paste with a gauze or tape. Since the tablets are very acidic, they can wear the wart away furthermore battle the infection itself.
Garlic has a caustic effect and may treat wart condition.
Apply newly pounded garlic specifically to the wart and spread with a swathe. The harsh impact of the garlic will bring about the wart to rankle and tumble off in as meager as one week. Apply new garlic consistently, keeping away from contact with sound encompassing skin. (Spreading the territory around the wart with petroleum jam can offer assistance).
Banana have a extreme healing for warts like conditions.
Tape a bit of banana peel, inward side down, over the wart before you go to bed. A synthetic in the peel can gradually break up the wart. On the other hand, attempt the same with a bit of lemon peel. An oil in the peel appears to dishearten warts.
1:SALICYLIC ACID PREPARATION:
Salicyic acid is a keratolytic medication, which dissolves the keratin part of the skin, which makes up most of the wart.
This treatment is available in the form of spray that freeze warts at a temperature of -57 C.
Many people have used duct tapes for the treatment of warts and had been successful.In this the warts are covered with an electrical tape for all the time.It can be removed for only a few hours once per week.
How to prevent skin diseases?
As we know the fact that skin diseases have become a part of our daily lives from the past recent years. So we should make sure that we do everything to protect our skin through proper hygiene and healthy lifestyle.Many of the actions are recommended to prevent the contraction or the spread of skin diseases and to reduce the risk of these disorders from attacking your skin.
1:WASH YOUR HANDS THOROUGHLY:
Clean hands prevent you from getting any kind of disease. You come into contact with a number microscopic bugs which are having the potential to make you ill. By washing your hand, those tiny little problem-makers are eliminated from your skin.
2:TREAT CUTS AND WOUNDS IMMEDIATELY:
When you suffer a cut or a rash, immediately wash it and apply an antiseptic on it which kills the bacteria or the virus which have found their way onto your skin.
4:DON'T SHARE TOWELS AND PILLOWS:
When you use things that are used by an infected person, there may be a possibility that those tiny infectants will make their way to your skin and you will pose a risk of having that disease. So avoid sharing towels and pillows.
Bathing once a day is good enough to maintain hygiene. Choose a mild soap and allow the lather to stay for about 20 seonds on your body to kill those bacteria and viruses on your skin.
Protect your skin from U.V, Infra red and and other harmful rays of the sun by apply a sunscreen lotion everytime you go out.
Eat plenty of fresh vegetables, fruits and whole grains because your bodu needs fuel to fight off those harmful little things and these foods are essential for your body's defense system.
8:MORE WATER, PLEASE!!
Drink a lot of water to keep your skin hydrated.
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pustules or pimples on the skin
cause redness and produces small, red colored, pus filled bumps
Demodex folliculorum and Bacillus oleronious
dry, itching, red and flared-up skin
patches of discolored skin
small cyst, white in colour,filled with keratinous material
pale small out growth that looks like a blister
Human papillovirus or HPV