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Skin Diseases: Its Causes, Prevention and Treatment

Updated on October 22, 2017

Generally, our skin is the largest and the most exposed organ of our body. Our whole body is covered and shield by it. Skin provides visible signs that there is something wrong happening in our body. Also, our skin is prone to diseases. There are some skin diseases that are not-infectious, but there are also that are infectious, and usually hard to control.

Skin diseases are communicable diseases. Any object that our skin touches might be infected by virus/bacteria, fungus or smite, which may cause for spreading the disease. That’s why it’s a threat to our skin health. Some of these common skin diseases are acne, warts, and tinea or fungal infections.

Acne via
Acne via | Source

Acne

This is common among teenagers but also can appear at any age even during and those people at the age of 30s and 40s.

Acne is commonly known as pimples or “zits”. It is a skin condition that characterized by the inflammation of the oil glands (sebaceous gland) and the hair follicles or a cavity that contained tiny holes on the surface of the skin which is called pores. This has usually happened when the sebum drains into a hair follicle then gets out through in open fore of the skin is blocked.

The dirt, debris, bacteria, and the inflammatory cells are built upon the clogged pore or plug. And on the top of the plug is either dark (blackhead) or white (whitehead). Blackhead is caused by the sebum in the pores. It hardens into small, dark head when it reaches the surface of the skin while whitehead is a plug of sebum that has not been exposed to air. When the bacterium is on the trap oil the skin will be inflamed which is called acne. When the clogged pore breaks open, it causes swelling and formation of red bumps.

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Dermatologists are one who treats conditions that affect the skin, hair, and nails. You can consult them if it did not clear up your blemishes.

Acne fades away after teenagers’ years but can least into middle age. If the acne did not treated, scarring may occur.

Acne can be caused by:

  1. Having high levels of humidity and sweating
  2. Oily cosmetic and hair products
  3. Drugs like steroids, testosterone and estrogen
  4. Hormonal changes

How to prevent acne:

  1. Remove your make-up at night
  2. Clean your face gently with non-drying soap
  3. Wash your face at least twice a day
  4. Apply shampoo on your hair especially if it is oily and comb your hair back to avoid touching out your face.
  5. Do not scrub or wash your face repeatedly
  6. Avoid touching your face by your fingers or hands
  7. Do not wear tight headbands, caps, and hats.
  8. Avoid squeezing, scratching, picking or rubbing your pimples for it lead to infection and scarring.
  9. Avoid using greasy cosmetics and creams.

Warts | Close-ups of human eyes | Closed eyes
Warts | Close-ups of human eyes | Closed eyes | Source

How to Prevent Warts

Always remember that warts may be transferred to another by touching. Also, it can get from using other personal care things with a person who has warts. In order to avoid this:

  1. Wash your skin regularly and well
  2. If cut your skin, use soap and water
  3. Use waterproof sandals or slippers if you are in public showers, pools, and locker rooms.
  4. If you have warts, don’t rub. Scratch or pick them because you might spread the virus on another part of your body.

Warts

This is also another skin disease which is commonly known for kids and teens, but also adults can acquire warts too. Warts are commonly appearing on fingers, hands and feet.

Warts are small; ravish, rough, cauliflower-like infectious growths on the skin, which is caused by the 100 types of viruses. It is not painful, but it is itchy and can cause pain normally if they are on your feet. It enters in the body in the broken skin.

Different Types of Warts

  • Common warts- this is rough that appears on the hands.
  • Flat warts- small, smooth, flat, and flesh- colored that can be seen on the face, neck and forehead.
  • Filiform- this is a finger-like warts normally found on the face near the eyelids and forehead.
  • Genetal warts- this type of warts which appears between the thighs and on the genetals.
  • Plantar warts- this is hardand painful lumps that can be found on the soles of the feet.
  • Mosaic warts- this is tightly- clustered warts that found on hands and feet.
  • Subungual warts- this is cauliflower-like cluster found under or around the fingernails and toenails.

Tinea or fungal infections

Tinea or fungal infections is describe as itchy, reddish, ands scaly skin infections caused by fungi living on the dead tissues of the skin, hair and nails.

Some Common Types of Tinea Infections

  1. Ringworm - This can be found in legs, chest, and arms. It is red that become very itchy and uncomfortable over time. It looks like a ring which is the center is open clear.
  2. Athlete’s foot - This is normally found between toes which cause itchiness, redness and blisters.
  3. Jock itch - This affects the groin or pubic area and the upper thigh. It is reddish and itchy.
  4. Ringworm of the scalp - It starts in a small sore on the scalp forming pimples before becoming patchky or flaky. It may cause baldness.
  5. Ringworm of the nails - It affects the nails in the hand and feet that causes the nails become thick, white or yellowish and brittle.

Fungal Infection
Fungal Infection | Source

How to Prevent Tinea Infection

Furthermore, the most common sources of the fungi are the other people. It is contagious and easily to spread, especially when contracted to the person with infected skin. You can also get this from objects like comb, unwashed clothing ad pool surfaces. You are easily contaminated by the ringworm when you are wet like from sweating. You can also get this when you are contracted to animals like dogs and cats.

Some of these are the following tips to prevent tinea infection:

  • Shower after playing
  • Wash sports clothing everyday
  • Shampoo your hair regularly especially after haircut
  • Wash your hands regularly
  • Wear slippers in public pool
  • Do not touch those pets having bald spots
  • Avoid sharing your personal items

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    • KenDeanAgudo profile image
      Author

      Kenneth C Agudo 3 years ago from Tiwi, Philippines

      hello Sheila: I am glad you find this essential and helpful. Thank you very much for being so nice and always reading my hubs. You have been a part of my hubpages life. Thank you :)

    • profile image

      sheilamyers 3 years ago

      I've heard about all of these and had a couple of them, but you you've added some facts I didn't know. For one, I didn't know why some pimples were black and some were white. Now I know.