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Some Important Facts About Taurine

Updated on August 3, 2011

Some Important Facts About Taurine

Taurine is considered a conditionally essential amino acid. It is essential only when the body is stressed such as in experiencing burns or ijury. Taurine does not combine with other amino acids to form proteins rather it remain free in many tissues, Over fifity percent of taurine in the body is found in heart tissue. It is also a major component of bile acid, and is also found in the retina and neutrophils. Taurine is found mainly in meats and fish proteins. However, taurine can be produced from the amino acid cysteine in the presence of the cofactor Vitamin B6. If there is an absence of cycteine or Vitamin B6 then the diet is deficient of taurine and should be supplemented. Since infants cannot make taurine for themselves, taurine supplementation is necessary for them. They can receive sufficient taurine either through breast milk which has a high taurine content or through infant formulas.


Studies involving taurine were widely done in various conditions that affect the heart. Taurine helps maintain the heart’s intracellular calcium levels which ultimately protects heart muscle. Taurine has positive inotropic effects making it significant for lowering blood pressure. Taurine is also capable of lowering cholesterol levels and preventing cardiac arrhythmias.


Taurine as an amino acid has a distinct ability to perform the works of an antioxidant. It has demonstrated an ability to prevent neutrophil bursting and subsequent oxidative stress, which can damage heart tissue. Because of such mechanism, it has been found out that taurine is beneficial in congestive heart failure.


Due to the high taurine concentration found in retinal tissue, it has been found out that taurine supplementation is helpful in treating retinal degeneration and retinitis pigmentosis. Therapuetic effects are due partly to the oxidant properties of taurine. It also appears that taurine regulate osmotic pressure in the eyes and prevents lipid peroxidatin.


It has also been proven that taurine and a synthetic version known as acomprosate are very effective in the treatment of alcoholism and alcohol withdrawal. A study reveals that a dose of one gram taken three times daily during the withdrawal phase greatly reduced psychotic episodes. Also it was observed that individuals taking taurine were less likely to relapse. Taurine has also demonstrated therapeutic benefits in the treatment of diabetes, hepatitis, cystic fibrosis and Alzheimer’sDdisease.


Sources of Taurine

Meat

Fish

Eggs

Brewer’s yeast

Dairy products

Red meat

Shrimp

Scallops

Clams

Other shellfish


This article is an excerpt from

BASIC HEALTH PUBLICATION USER’S GUIDE TO PROTEIN AND AMINO ACIDS

By KERI MARSHALL and JACK CHALLEM

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    • cristina327 profile imageAUTHOR

      Maria Cristina Aquino Santander 

      7 years ago from Manila

      Thank yo Patrick and bettybarnesb for dropping by and appreciating this hub. Blessings to you always. Regards.

    • profile image

      bettybarnesb 

      7 years ago

      Your article is very informative. Thank you so much.

      Be Blessed!

    • profile image

      Patrick Teng 

      7 years ago

      thanks

    • cristina327 profile imageAUTHOR

      Maria Cristina Aquino Santander 

      7 years ago from Manila

      Hello CMCASRO I am glad to hear from you again. Thank you for taking time to visit this hub. Your visit and comments are much appreciated. Thank you also for the additional information about taurine you posted.Remain blessed always. Best regards.

    • CMCastro profile image

      Christina M. Castro 

      7 years ago from Baltimore,MD USA

      Thank you for your very informative hub about taurine. As I am health conscious, I discovered what taurine is when drinking the energy drink called Monster. They put taurine in this energy drink, probably as a motivator to the consumer, making the consumer think that what it can do is send a surge to the body if under tremendous stress like a work out. What I found out about taurine is that it opens all the glands in the body that produces hormones, and one study I read about, they suggested taurine for those with cystic fibrosis, the condition that causes a shut down of all the major hormone releasing organs, so that taurine could more or less trigger the pituitary to send a signal to the endocrine system to release what needed to be released.

      After careful consideration of what I studied in regard to taurine, I realised that it would not be safe for anyone whose body is not with a condition that requires this action of taurine and I decided not to drink that energy drink (or even any of them again). I believe if someone wants to take a supplement containing any amino acid, a Doctor should monitor especially if for a heart condition. Good hub and thanks again for your information. Christina

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