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Sore Throat: Causes Symptoms and Useful Tips to Get Rid of It

Updated on July 19, 2014

What is sore throat?

The sore throat is a disease common and easy to treat , caused usually by a viral infection in the throat. The sore throat can be caused by viruses and bacteria rather common, such as rhinovirus, coronavirus or other parainfluenza viruses that normally cause colds. Depending on the cause of the sore throat may be accompanied by fever, swollen lymph glands in the neck, nasal discharge, coughing, itchy eyes or hoarseness

Streptococcus and sore throat

The main cause of the sore throat is a highly contagious bacteria that are called Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus). These streptococci can spread by air, that is, they are spreads even when someone who has sore throat, sneezes, or share food or drinks.

Causes of sore throat

Other Sore throat causes

A sore throat can have many causes, including:

Common viruses, including the virus that causes mononucleosis and the flu.

Breathing through the mouth or smoking can cause dryness of the throat and pain.

Bacterial infections.

A sore throat that lasts for more than two weeks may be a sign of a serious illness such as cancer or AIDS.

Sore throat symptoms

A sore throat caused by a virus is often inflammation in the mucous membranes of the throat that causes a tickling sensation, throat burning, sharp pain and irritation, bloodshot or watery eyes, headache, stuffy nose dripping , coughing and sneezing.

The transmission of strep throat can occur through coughing or sneezing of an infected person (viruses and bacteria are contained in invisible droplets of saliva) or by contact (eg contaminated hands), strep throat is usually the first symptom of a cold. For a sore throat due to a cold virus, there is no specific cure: to accelerate the healing it is useful to follow a healthy diet, drink plenty and rest.

The symptoms of bacterial infection are: sore throat, difficulty swallowing, loss of appetite, fatigue, fever that does not normally exceed 38 °, swollen lymph nodes in the neck, in some cases the throat plate (can also be present in forms of tonsillitis caused by adenovirus or mononucleosis), red and swollen tonsils, headache, stomach pain, malaise and chills, rash, bad breath, pain in the ears,sinusitis can also occur.

The transmission of the bacterium from one organism to another occurs through coughing, laughing, sneezing, and the infection is greater when the patient is at the peak of symptoms, but if not taken care of or in cases of discontinuation of therapy may be contagious up to 21 days after onset.

If not taken care of bacterial infection raises the risk of serious consequences such as rheumatic fever (with possible permanent damage), scarlet fever, fourth disease, blood infections, pyoderma, kidney damage.

Difference between bacterial and viral sore throat
Difference between bacterial and viral sore throat

The symptoms of sore throat may be different, besides the usual pain in the throat:

  • hoarseness or laryngitis
  • fever
  • cough
  • sneezing
  • runny nose
  • tiredness and general fatigue
  • swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • bad breath ( halitosis )
  • headache
  • nausea

Pain in swallowing

The lymph nodes in the neck area may also swell, so that the simple act of swallowing can be annoying. The pain that causes a sore throat may be accentuated during the first 2-3 days, and then gradually decrease in intensity within a week, although in one case out of ten may persist for longer than this period

Many of sore throat are not serious and pass generally in a period of between three and seven days, without the need for special medical treatment. In fact, after a week about 85% of people recover from the symptoms of sore throat. Painkillers such as paracetamol may relieve the symptoms of sore throat without the need to see a doctor.

Sore throat with fever

The sore throat may present with fever and without fever, with swollen tonsils and lymph nodes, leading to difficulties in swallowing .Usually if your symptoms do not improve after two weeks despite the use of medicines and, in addition to throat pain, if you experience fever also you should go to your doctor, as it may be the result of more serious condition, such as an inflammation of the epiglottis.

Sore Throat Remedies

Useful tips

•First, it is important to wash your hands regularly, especially after touching the nose or mouth and before handling food.

•Always try to sneeze or cough into tissues, which are subsequently disposed of and, if possible, also use paper towels to wipe hands and face, so as not to transmit the infection to those who live close

•Do not use plates, cutlery or other kitchen utensils used by other people, otherwise wash everything well.

•Quitting smoking would be an important step, as it helps to reduce the irritation to the throat and strengthen the defenses against infection. Your doctor will able to offer you help and advice. in this perspective

Comments

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    • teaches12345 profile image

      Dianna Mendez 

      4 years ago

      Great advice and tips for getting rid of a nasty sore throat. Your article covers the background well and will help many to get over them quicker.

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