Substance Abuse and mental disorders: Questions and Answers
Researchers found that pairing money with the drug not only appeared to affect which drug people chose to take but it also affected. This also affected how drugs made the users feel. After pairing diazepam with a higher payoff in the second phase, people reported feeling better after taking the diazepam. Studies have also shown that people are likely to take a given drug (a drug they initially rejected) in the event that it is associated with given positive outcomes.
Drugs and Substance abuse
Drugs and disorders
Disorders of Sex and Gender
How will classification play a significant role in recognition of sexual dysfunctions in women?
Classification through definition of these sexual problems will play an important role in the recognition of sexual dysfunction among women by helping women easily identify their respective problems by comparing any signs with different classifications. In the event that some signs and sexual issues do not reflect in such classifications, then they can always be added as their own group in the classifications. This would go a long way in helping develop the necessary treatments to be used for each classification.
What are the negatives of a pill or cream?
One of biggest negatives of a pill or a cream is that it may lead to dependency on pills and creams among some of the women when the problem may be psychological (a stressful relationship or intimacy issues). In this case, the psychological issues that would have been affecting sexual problems would not be solved given that the person may feel that drugs will help eliminate the problem. In the long run, one would become dependent on drugs to help improve sexual experiences while the deep psychological issues remain unsolved.
Is schizophrenia rare in children?
Compared to adults, schizophrenia is rare in children. It affects one in every 40,000 children but affects 1 in 100 adults making rare among children.
What are the treatment options for children?
As with adults, antipsychotic drugs are used to help reduce hallucinations and delusions. However, a new generation of antipsychotics (such as olanzapine) can be used enhance motivation and emotional expressiveness among some of these patients.
Beyond genetics, what other factors may contribute to personality disorders?
According to researchers like Patricia Hoffman Judd, personality disorders have biological underpinnings, which mean that that genetics has a significant role to play in these disorders. However, other environmental influences (parenting and peer influences) have also been suggested to enhance personality disorders. According to researchers therefore, while genetic factors play an important role, convergence of this factor with other environmental factors such as how the child is raised, disciplined or interaction with peers will influence these disorders.
How do one's peers play a role in personality?
Once peers also play a role in personality and may have a positive or negative impact. As Judith Beck, PhD explains, life events can help tip the balance. Therefore, even for an individual with a disposition to developing a given personality or personality disorder, how they interact with others can influence their personality. For instance, in the event that an individual with a predisposition towards antisocial personality disorder is surrounded by peers who tease and ridicule him/her, then the child's personality will be enhanced. However, in the event that they are surrounded by peers who are loving, supportive and always inviting them to join, then the personality of the individual may gradually change from an antisocial personality type.
Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence
The latest theory into autism.
According to one of the studies conducted in 2012, it was shown that air pollution may be a contributing factor of autism (it raises risks of autism) during pregnancy or during the first year of a child's life. According to this new theory, exposure to various traffic related pollutants such as particulate matter from motor vehicles increases the chances of a child developing autism. For this reason, it becomes necessary for pregnant women or new mothers (with babies of 1 or below 1 year) avoid such pollution.
What evidence supports or refutes this theory?
This theory is supported by evidence from a study that was carried out in 2011, where researchers compared data of 279 children with autism to 245 children who did not have it. According to the findings, those who were more exposed to such pollution as a result of having lived in a given location or closer to given roads before birth or during their first year were found to have been at a higher risk of autism.