ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Substance Abuse and mental disorders: Questions and Answers

Updated on June 17, 2018
Patrick Patrick profile image

Patrick has been working as a freelance writer for the past 3 years

Substance abuse

Researchers found that pairing money with the drug not only appeared to affect which drug people chose to take but it also affected. This also affected how drugs made the users feel. After pairing diazepam with a higher payoff in the second phase, people reported feeling better after taking the diazepam. Studies have also shown that people are likely to take a given drug (a drug they initially rejected) in the event that it is associated with given positive outcomes.


Drugs and Substance abuse

Source

Drugs and disorders

Disorders of Sex and Gender

How will classification play a significant role in recognition of sexual dysfunctions in women?
Classification through definition of these sexual problems will play an important role in the recognition of sexual dysfunction among women by helping women easily identify their respective problems by comparing any signs with different classifications. In the event that some signs and sexual issues do not reflect in such classifications, then they can always be added as their own group in the classifications. This would go a long way in helping develop the necessary treatments to be used for each classification.

What are the negatives of a pill or cream?

One of biggest negatives of a pill or a cream is that it may lead to dependency on pills and creams among some of the women when the problem may be psychological (a stressful relationship or intimacy issues). In this case, the psychological issues that would have been affecting sexual problems would not be solved given that the person may feel that drugs will help eliminate the problem. In the long run, one would become dependent on drugs to help improve sexual experiences while the deep psychological issues remain unsolved.

Schizophrenia

Is schizophrenia rare in children?

Compared to adults, schizophrenia is rare in children. It affects one in every 40,000 children but affects 1 in 100 adults making rare among children.

What are the treatment options for children?

As with adults, antipsychotic drugs are used to help reduce hallucinations and delusions. However, a new generation of antipsychotics (such as olanzapine) can be used enhance motivation and emotional expressiveness among some of these patients.

Personality Disorders

Beyond genetics, what other factors may contribute to personality disorders?

According to researchers like Patricia Hoffman Judd, personality disorders have biological underpinnings, which mean that that genetics has a significant role to play in these disorders. However, other environmental influences (parenting and peer influences) have also been suggested to enhance personality disorders. According to researchers therefore, while genetic factors play an important role, convergence of this factor with other environmental factors such as how the child is raised, disciplined or interaction with peers will influence these disorders.

How do one's peers play a role in personality?

Once peers also play a role in personality and may have a positive or negative impact. As Judith Beck, PhD explains, life events can help tip the balance. Therefore, even for an individual with a disposition to developing a given personality or personality disorder, how they interact with others can influence their personality. For instance, in the event that an individual with a predisposition towards antisocial personality disorder is surrounded by peers who tease and ridicule him/her, then the child's personality will be enhanced. However, in the event that they are surrounded by peers who are loving, supportive and always inviting them to join, then the personality of the individual may gradually change from an antisocial personality type.


Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence


The latest theory into autism.

According to one of the studies conducted in 2012, it was shown that air pollution may be a contributing factor of autism (it raises risks of autism) during pregnancy or during the first year of a child's life. According to this new theory, exposure to various traffic related pollutants such as particulate matter from motor vehicles increases the chances of a child developing autism. For this reason, it becomes necessary for pregnant women or new mothers (with babies of 1 or below 1 year) avoid such pollution.

What evidence supports or refutes this theory?


This theory is supported by evidence from a study that was carried out in 2011, where researchers compared data of 279 children with autism to 245 children who did not have it. According to the findings, those who were more exposed to such pollution as a result of having lived in a given location or closer to given roads before birth or during their first year were found to have been at a higher risk of autism.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)