- Mental Health
Symptoms of ADD and ADHD
What is the criteria for diagnosing ADD and ADHD?
Because anyone can display the following symptoms at one time or another, especially children, the criteria for diagnosing ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) and ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) is very specific.
- The symptoms in children must be severe and more frequent than in other children of the same age.
- Symptoms last longer or have existed longer than six months and effects their ability to function on a daily basis.
- Criteria for ADD/ADHD dictates that the symptoms are usually apparent in early childhood, before the age of seven.
- These behaviors must create significant difficulty in at least two areas of daily life, home, social settings, school, or work.
Three Types of ADD/ADHD
Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)/ Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (AHDH) has been categorized in the following three ways:
- ADD - Type I - Primarily Inattentive type.
- ADHD - Type II - Primarily Hyperactive and Impulsive type.
- ADHD - Type III - Types I and II Combined
Type I - ADD Symptoms - Primarily Inattentive Type
- Difficulty sustaining attention, daydreaming.
- Fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes
- Easily distracted, missing details, frequently switch from one activity to another
- Difficulty following directions or completing tasks, becomes easily confused
- Is forgetful in daily activities, often losing things
- Does not appear to listen when spoken to
- Has difficulty with organization
- Avoids or dislikes tasks that require sustained mental attention
Type II ADHD Symptoms - Primarily Hyperactive/Impulsive
- Fidgets with hand and feet or squirms in chair
- Has difficulty remaining seated
- Runs around or climbs excessively
- Has difficulty engaging in activities quietly
- Acts if driven by a motor
- Talks excessively
- Blurts out answers before questions have been completed
- Has difficulty waiting or taking turns, impatience
- Interrupts or intrudes upon others conversations or activities
- Show emotions without restraint, and act without regard for consequences
Type III - ADHD Combined Type
- Type III is a combination of both symptoms of Types I and II
We all know that children can sometimes forget their homework, fidget during story time, become distracted by a commotion or daydream. However, if the majority, if not all of the signs are occurring continuously (daily), over time, it may be that they have Attention Deficit Disorder or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Without diagnosis they can tend to be labeled as undisciplined, troublemakers, defiant or lazy and the symptoms often lead to difficulty learning, and socializing.
It is important for you to be able to recognize the symptoms and to get help for your child. Recognition is the first step, educating yourself about this disorder is the second step. Below are links that are useful in recognizing symptoms, understanding the disorder, diagnosis and treatment options and coping skills.
- ADD/ADHD And Their Co-Disorders
As a parent, teacher, caregiver of a child with ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) or ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) we know the arduous task of caring for, raising, and teaching them. What...
- NIMH Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
A detailed booklet that describes ADHD symptoms, causes, and treatments, with information on getting help and coping.
- ADD and ADHD Center: Symptoms, Types, Causes, Tests, and Treatments
ADHD affects an estimated 3% to 5% of children and adults in the U.S. Get ADD and ADHD information here including its causes, diagnosis, and promising treatments.
- CHADD Live | Home Page
- The Truth About Over Medicating ADHD Children
This is likely the most controversial topic when it comes to the ADD/ADHD subject. So what's the controversy? Your child is sick, you give them medicine, they become healthy again. With ADD/ADHD...