What Treatments are there for TMD or TMJ?
For anyone who has finally figured out or been told they have a condition called Temporomandibular Joint Disorder, commonly known as TMJ or TMD or TMJD, then the next question on their minds is, "What treatments are available for this condition?". Answering that can be as complex as the list of symptoms of TMJ, and depending on the severity or the causes of your symptoms can determine which treatment you end up with.
Millions of men and women have this condition called TMJ or TMD. It affects more women than men. TMJ causes can be stress, trauma, dental work, dislocation of the joint, arthritis, congenital defect, uncommon wear and tear and muscle fatigue from clenching or grinding teeth. Of these millions, a large percentage can get relief from TMD treatments like home remedies or natural cures like exercises and massage or wearing a night mouth guard. For the extreme sufferers the list of treatments should start with the least invasive types and progress to the more invasive types. Understanding the degree or severity of your condition may take you some time. First you must find a good TMJ specialist or even a team of specialists who are willing to work together to assess your condition and to provide the best treatments.
A major factor in your treatment of TMJ will be Insurance. Sad to say that in today's world not much happens without appropriate insurance unless you have access to a lot of money, so if you have health insurance you need to know exactly what will be covered by your plan and more importantly what will not be included by your plan and it's limitations. Often times your health insurance or lack thereof will be a leading factor in the type of treatment you may seek.
Less is More when it comes to Treating TMD or TMJ
Some cases of TMD or TMJ will go away without any treatment. However if you seek professional help a Doctor may prescribe medications or possibly a bite guard to prevent you from clenching your teeth while sleeping. In rare cases, surgery may be recommended to repair or even replace the joint. Whatever the treatment, the wise will choose the least agressive options to start with and proceed to other treatments if those fail to bring any relief.
- corticosteroid medication
- botulinum toxin
- bite splint
- cognitive behavioral therapy
Dental and surgical procedures
- corrective dentistry
Lifestyle and Home Remedies
- avoid tension in the jaw
- stretching exercises or massage
- hot or cold applied
- relieve stress
- deep breathing
- guided imagery
As you can see, there are many treatment options so make sure make sure the one you choose is the right one for you. Seek professional help from your doctor , dentist orthodontist, surgeon before settling on a treatment option that is irreversible as in the case of surgery.