Taking Care of the Aging Eyes
Age-related farsightedness sets in at about age 40 or 45, but even at 35 some may already begin to have trouble reading newspaper and mags, recipes, menus, prescription labels, and anything else printed in a small type.
This is why an older person often needs glasses with bifocal lenses, the power portion of his glasses being of stronger power for close vision, while the upper portion allows him to see more freely at a distance. As our eyes age, we cannot prevent normal age-related changes to occur:
- Reduced visual acuity - ability to see small details
- Reduced contrast sensitivity - harder to see differences between light and dark objects and surfaces
- Color perception weakens - yellowing of the lens makes it difficult to distinguish greens from blues, orange from red, and blue from violet, etc.
- Reaction time decreases - it takes longer for eyes to transition to different light levels; and
- Increased sensitivity to glare.
While changes differs from person to person, for many problems, there are things we can do to protect our vision.
Protect the Eye from the Sun and Glaring Lights
The sun's glare can be hurtful on the eye and can severely affect visual acuity and comfort. Because the aging eye loses the ability to accommodate, the muscles of the eye have to work harder. Glare from reflections and bright lights results to eye fatigue. When a person squints, it means the eye is experiencing discomfort.
The solution is to make seeing easier. Windows must have woven shades or sheer draperies to filter the daylight and control glare. Light scatters within the aging eye can increase sensitivity to glare which hampers the ability to see subtle details at lower light levels.
Because UV rays are always present outdoors, on sunny days and even cloudy days, your lenses, therefore, should always provide UV protection to help control the amount and type of light that reaches the eye. This can improve eye performance by enhancing contrast, colors and visibility. Sunglasses should be large and wrap around a little. For extra protection, wear a wide-brimmed hat.
If your eyes are exposed to a computer, consider wearing glasses particularly prescribed for computer use. Anti-reflective lenses dramatically reduce disturbing reflections and provides comfort in difficult lighting situations. Of course, don't forget to choose charming frames.
Boost Lighting at Home and at Work
As eyes age, pupil response slows and vision diminishes in especially dim or bright light. Blurring vision and headaches are results of inadequate lighting while reading. The room to do most reading, writing and even sewing should have lighting that illuminates the area attractively. Abundant natural daylight that comes from the skylight or windows excellently can provide proper lighting that is easy on the eyes. But, where possible, combine general light with directed or task lighting.
Light-colored walls and ceilings are best because they diffuse the light in all directions. According to the Illuminating Engineering Society (IES), good lighting for aging eyes includes the use of general, ambient lighting that is consistent from one room to another; higher light levels to compensate for the mature eye’s restricted ability to absorb light; glare-free lighting; and lighting that helps the aging eye to distinguish between colors and compensate for the yellowing of the human lens over time.
Be Aware of the Eye's Risk Factors
Age 40 seems to be the beginning of diminishing eyesight for most. The older we get, the more we are prone to eyestrain.
It is only practical to have regular eye exams to spot problems early. It would be easy to know what genetic factors, lifestyle choices, diseases, and exposures place the eye in a higher risk category for certain diseases. There may have few or no early symptoms, regular eye exams are still your best protection. When your eye care professional finds a problem early, you can work hand in hand together towards preventive measures, treatment, and follow-up care.
The key is to don't ignore warning signs.
Maintain Healthy Habits
Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Vitamins A (beta-carotene), C, and E and the mineral zinc have been shown to promote eye health. Get enough sleep to prevent the eyes from being overtired. If you really have to work longer on a computer, take frequent breaks from the computer screen, or reading materials.
Give your eyes enough sleep, your eyes will be refreshed along with the rest of your body. Remember that plenty of rest can make you, your work, and the things around you, beautiful. Last but not the least - stop smoking. Caring for the aging eyes completes the list on how to increase life span.
When the Eyes Are Not Well
When the eyes are not well, the trouble may be due to prolonged periods of reading, poor lighting, working at the computer or other close activities that require a lot of eye concentration. Our eyes can express how we feel knowingly or unwittingly in a way that is often more powerful spoken than words.
To us writers, a major culprit in causing eye strain has just got to be working at our computer screens for extended periods. Not only does the screen produce glare which affects the eyes negatively, but also the way we work by means of staring A LOT to computer screen for long periods.
Eye sore symptoms include sore eyeballs, headaches, back and neck aches, drooping eyelids and blurred vision. The radiation emitted from techno gadgets, and the reduced blinking due to the eye being fixed on the screen are the main factors that cause eye stress.
You can also avoid eye strain when you're reading by blinking frequently and taking a moment to focus on something out the window or across the room every 15 to 30 minutes. Try Yogic Exercises for the Eye.
Position the monitor in a way that avoids direct daylight upon the screen. If using an adjustable task light, direct light should be upon the desk and not on the screen.
Moisturizing Eye Drops!
Thanks to KJ force, moisturizing eyedrops truly can refresh tired dry eyes.
This is a sort of soothing therapy to provide the eye moisture and protect them against further irritation due to lack of tears - a condition that is commonly due to a blockage of the oil secreting glands in the eyes. Though this does not usually affect vision, still providing instant relief for burning, irritated dry eyes including exposure to computers, outdoors, heating, and air conditioning, pays a lot.
Is there anything else you want to add? That would really be nice. Let me know and I'll include them in the list.:=)
Let's take care of our eyes!