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Teenage Pregnancy – A Growing Socioeconomic Concern - Need More Awareness In Teen

Updated on January 27, 2014

I have seen lot of reports regarding the teenage pregnancy in the newspapers, magazines, article directories and blogs. It has been observed that a considerable number of teenager have been indulged in sex activities while reading in the junior school. Some of the unfortunate girls from these children become pregnant before the physical preparedness of being a mother. The result is abortion or teenage motherhood

The cause of teenage pregnancy

The cause is diversified depending on the socioeconomic format of the country. In the developed countries it is due to indulgences in the unsafe consensual sex between a young couple and in the very rare case due to non consensual sex either due to pressure from the peer or a rape by another teenager or an adult.

But in the undeveloped or developing countries the causes of teen pregnancy are many. In most of such countries child marriage are either not illegal or it might be illegal but the law is not strictly enforced causing a lot of child marriages. The sex education are also absent or rarely present in this places. Therefore the couple’s sex life automatically become unprotected and most likely such girls are having their first babies within a year.

Another reason of teenage pregnancy in these countries is indulgence of sexual activities between teenager girls with an adult person. Unlike in developed countries premarital sex is illegal and socially unacceptable in these countries. As sex is a natural phenomenon of living animal imposed by the nature itself for its own existence of the creation, every youth feels irresistible sexual urges during adolescence. Therefore the teenage children, who are not socially permitted for sex, might fall in unusual relationship with much elder person and become the victim of illegal pregnancy.

The effect of the teenage motherhood

The effects of teenage motherhood are manifold. First let us talk about the mother. Although it is not much risky for the mother in the developed countries but it might risk the mother and child in case of developing or undeveloped countries due to lake of nutritious food and improper or no medical assistance. Abortion is also illegal for unmarried girls in some of the countries and due to social rejection they are not allowed to carry the pregnancy also. This forces them to go to illegal abortion center and risk their as well as their baby’s life. In some cases these girls ultimately cause suicide or take shelter in brothels.

In case the mother is allowed to give birth to the baby it would be difficult for her to look after it. A teenage mother does not have the maturity which is required to bring up a child. It is also said that the affectionate feeling in such mothers are not developed properly and the baby might be deprived of the motherly affection and love causing a long term effect in such child.

The social concern

The social concern of teen age motherhood is increase in the abandoned children. Sometimes the teenage mother who could not have an abortion and knowing that the child would not be accepted by the society, secretly carry the child and put them in the lobby of some orphanage hone or even sometimes keep them abandoned in the street. In most of the undeveloped and developing countries, these children grown up in unhealthy and unsocial environment and become the threat for the entire society. 

How to prevent teenage pregnancy?

This is a difficult question to be answered by any of the political or sociology expert. Since prehistoric period the society is facing this question and yet no proper solution has come up. Some social experts argue that proper sex education at the early adolescence period could prevent teenage pregnancy but others are against this theory telling that this would increase sexual indulgence among immature children.

It is found that there are three most commonly used theories are being followed by the sex educationist to fight against teenage pregnancy.

Abstinence-only theory

This theory encourages teenagers to keep themselves away from sex till they are prepared to become responsible mother or father physically, socially and economically. But this theory does not seem to be effective due to lake of motivation and proper physical and mental exercise to control the sexual urges.

Abstinence-plus theory

This theory encourages teenagers to avoid sexual activities during their education but at the same time educate them regarding use of contraceptives and sexual diseases to make them capable of having safe sex if unavoidable. Some social experts say that the children educated in this theory mostly choose the second option.

Sex education only theory

This theory is nothing but the Abstinence-plus theory except the Abstinence part of it.


There is no controversy regarding the ill effect of teenage pregnancy among the different groups of sociologist and other social reformers. The only question is how to stop it! In different countries different action plans have been made to fight against the growing tendency of this unwanted situation. Sex education of course is a must; the question is when to start it. Some religious and moral education to improve the self control among teenage children might also be helpful. Parental concern is another vital area which should also be given adequate importance.

Let’s think about this concern together and share our findings among ourselves; who knows that a more appropriate idea would not come up through us!


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    • tectonic profile image


      7 years ago from Singapore

      Very nice hub you’ve got.

      Can’t wait to see your new hubs

    • cupid51 profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from INDIA

      Thank you green tea-cher for enhancing my knowledge base. I think proper motivation for abstinence as well as good parental care could have a positive effect on the situation! Thanks for your thoughtful comment.

    • green tea-cher profile image

      green tea-cher 

      8 years ago

      A very real issue today cupid. In our area, there is a serious problem with young pregnant teenage girls using prescription drugs which are addictive resulting in babies born with addictions and deformities. They also tend to have several pregnancies within a few years which results in an ever increasing problem. Often the children are taken away from the mother because she is unable to care for them properly. It is difficult to say why subsequent pregnancies are not prevented because these girls have access to free birth control. They also are given in increase in social assistance with each child which may be part of the incentive to have more children. It is a difficult situation and a difficult one to solve. Part of the problem relates to poverty and a poor work ethic. Thanks for a thought provoking hub.

    • cupid51 profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from INDIA

      Thanks Tkumah for your great comment! I also agree with you that the proper sex education at the right time and at right environment has a key role to play to minimize the case of teenage pregnancy!

    • cupid51 profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from INDIA

      Thanks always exploring for your concern to the young people and also for your thoughtful comment! I think that it is not only the Government who can help but individual like us and the social activists has a great role to play in these case!

    • Tkumah profile image


      8 years ago

      A lot of teens are seduced and raped by peers and they keep silent from shame.

      Sexual education and none judgemental environment is probably the key to encouraging birth control usage. Other then that, the picture that you portrayed of the world is looking hopeless and accurate. Somehow I equate it with women social value and the value of humans lives in those countries.

      It is such a social issue that is dominanted by anti abortion groups, so sad.

      As usual, a pleasure to read and thoughts provoking hub.

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Richert 

      8 years ago from Southern Illinois

      When you teach a young person about sex and what will happen if they have unprotected sex, then if they continue, it,s a must to have the pill, other countries have the pill, yet here in america we say it,s a bad thing, some young unmarried people are going to have sex no matter what, so they should be able to purchase the pill.

    • cupid51 profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from INDIA

      I agree with you carolina muscle; this things should be taken seriously by the elder family members, teachers, politicians and social reformers and all efforts should be made to educate them so that it can be avoided!

    • cupid51 profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from INDIA

      Thank you suny for your concern on this burning issue; we all should make an awareness on this evil occurrence!

    • carolina muscle profile image

      carolina muscle 

      8 years ago from Charlotte, North Carolina

      It can be a devastating thing for a young person as well.. great post!

    • suny51 profile image


      8 years ago

      Yes this is a serious problem related to young mother's as well as health of the future generation.well done cupid51

    • cupid51 profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from INDIA

      Thanks dreamreachout for your support! We all should seriously think on this matter.

    • profile image


      8 years ago

      Good highlight of a growing social problem!!


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