The Diabetic Foot Care Guide
As a diabetic, you not only need to keep watch of your blood sugar levels, but you also need to be vigilant of skin problems, complications, and even foot issues.Our Diabetic Foot Care Guide will show you just how to take care of your feet, what to look for in a good pair of shoes and socks, and how to prevent any future foot issues.
The Diabetic Foot Care Checklist
Check your feet daily
It may seem like a pain, and something you don’t want to do. But it is important to do a daily check of your feet to ensure that there are no cuts, swelling, infected toenails, sores, or red areas. It is important to check, especially for those who have lost feeling in their feet, because untreated cuts and sores can cause even more problems as they fester.
2. Wear the proper shoes
If you plan to go out, you need the right footwear. Even if you just need to run to the mailbox it is important to have shoes on. This is because small cuts can occur and end up causing you more pain than they are worth. As a diabetic, wearing shoes and socks at all times is a must. It’s important to have closed shoes (No sandals, open-toed shoes, etc.) to ensure your feet are completely covered. When buying shoes and socks, make sure they are not too tight as to cut off circulation. There are some companies out there that offer special diabetic socks to keep you safe and comfortable.
3. Wash your feet
You should implement a foot washing ritual to perform daily. You will want to wash your feet with warm water, but don’t soak them. Once washed, use talcum powder in between your toes (to prevent infection) and lotion or cream (like Dr. Hess’s Diabetic Care Cream, now at Walmart) to soften the tops and bottoms of the feet.
4. Trim toenails
Don’t wait until your toenails are long and unruly. They should be trimmed and smoothed regularly to prevent the nail from growing into the skin. If you have trouble reaching your feet, have your podiatrist assist.
5. Smooth calluses (if your doctor approves)
If you develop thick patches of skin on your feet, you will want to smooth them out with a pumice stone, after first consulting with your doctor. Do not cut the corns or calluses as they can result in open wounds which can lead to infection.
6. Keep blood flowing to the feet
This means not wearing tight shoes or socks, and keeping your legs uncrossed when you sit. It’s also a good idea to put your feet up while you sit, if possible.
If you are able, exercise is a great way to help keep yourself healthy, as well as improve blood flow. Activities like walking, swimming, and biking are great daily exercises.
Diabetic foot care does not have to be a struggle if you can make it part of your daily routine. Find a good time to check your feet daily, possibly before or after a shower, or as soon as you return from work. And make sure to consult with your doctor to get specific care guidelines for your needs.
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Written by MARKIT Group, a proud member of the Dr. Hess herd.