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The Effects of Smoking Cigarettes

Updated on September 14, 2015

Smoking is a terrible thing for you. There are so many health issues that can happen with smoking. It doesn't matter how much you smoke, it's that you do smoke. Those who smoke more are obviously at greater risk for developing different diseases. Smoking not only harms you, but those around you as well. So stop smoking, save yourself and those around you.

Smoking Facts

According to the CDC, there are 480,000 deaths each year in just the United States from smoking cigarets. This is about 1 in five deaths. Smoking is the number 1 preventable cause of disease and death in the world. All it takes is to quit smoking. They say, if you quit smoking, it’s almost like you haven’t smoked at all. This is incredible. So why do people continue to smoke? Because they think “this won’t happen to me” or “I will deal with it when I get there”. Well, sorry to say, but when you “get there” it might be too late.

Smoking causes 90% of all lung cancer deaths in both men and women. More women die from lung cancer than breast cancer each year. Not only does smoking cause death, but in increases your risk of death each year. Studies have shown that men and women lose about 15 years of their life just by smoking.

There are many health risks involved with smoking as well. Smoking increases the risk of coronary heart disease, risk of stroke, and of course lung cancer risk. Smoking diminishes your health, can increase absenteeism from work, and increase health care costs for each individual.

The leading cause of death in the U.S is strokes and coronary heart disease. And guess what? Smoking causes both of them. It doesn’t matter how many cigarettes you smoke each day, you are still at a higher risk than those who do not smoke. Smoking damages your blood vessels and makes them narrower, thus increasing your heart rate and increasing your blood pressure. With this, smokers are at higher risk for developing a clot. When a clot forms, it has the chance of traveling through your blood stream. It can travel to your heart, or even form their. When a blood clot forms in your heart, this causes a heart attack. When a clot travels to your brain or blocks the flow of blood to the brain, this causes a stroke. Blood clots elsewhere, cause decreased blood flow to your legs and skin. These are only the cardiovascular risks of smoking.

The next issue smoking can cause has to deal with your respiratory system. Not only does smoking cause lung cancer, but it also causes a disease called COPD. COPD stands for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This is both emphysema and chronic bronchitis combined. Smoking can also trigger asthma attacks. Smoking damages your airway and the small air sacs in your lungs, causing yourself to have to breathe more and using oxygen less effectively.

Smoking also causes cancer elsewhere, such as bladder, blood, cervix, colon, esophagus, kidney, liver, stomach, and trachea.

Since smoking harms nearly every organ in the body, it greatly affects the person’s overall health. In pregnant women smoking can cause preterm delivery, stillbirth, low birth weight, ectopic pregnancy, and SIDS. Smoking also affects men’s sperm which can reduce fertility. Smoking affects bone health causing osteoporosis and weaker bones. Teeth and gums are also affected by smoking and cause tooth loss.

Simply quitting can cut the cardiovascular risk, after just one year, to almost nothing. The risk of a stoke can drop to about the same as those who don’t smoke, and the risk for cancer can drop to about half in just 5 years after.

So why do people still smoke? It amazes me with all of these risk factors and it is killing people left and right, but they continue to do it.

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    • Happy Moment profile image


      3 years ago from The Eastern Bypass

      Very educative. Keep up.The people who are at greater risk are those who live with smokers as they are exposed to" second hand" smoke.

    • thumbi7 profile image

      JR Krishna 

      3 years ago from India

      This is a very educational hub. Hope after reading this, at least few smokers will start thinking of quitting smoking

    • peachpurple profile image


      3 years ago from Home Sweet Home

      Every smoker knows that his lungs had turned black but he still can't kick the habit. So sad


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