The Grapefruit Juice Effect. Drug Interactions and the Dangers of Grapefruit with Lipitor, Allegra, Proscor, Zoloft...
We all know that the dangers of pharmaceuticals are multiplied when taken in combination with other medications – and we are all savvy enough to read up on possible drug interactions before combining two or more medications to avoid any chance of these adverse reactions.
But avoiding grapefruit juice as well?!?
If you take any number of medications that are metabolized by a certain enzyme in the digestive tract, you should avoid grapefruit juice.
What Are Some Drugs That Are Affected by Grapefruit Juice?
This is not a complete list!!! Do not assume that not seeing a certain drug listed below means that is is safe to be taken with grapefruit!
The ADHD medication adderall's potency can be increased when taken in conjunction with grapefruit juice.
Hismanal (Astemizole) is an antihistamine type drug that although once popular, has been taken off of pharmacy shelves due to an intense reaction with grapefruit! People taking alegra should also avoid grapefruit.
Mamy cough medications contain dextromethorphan (Which is also used by teens to get high!) This drug is affected by grapefruit.
- Coumadin (Blood thinner)
Calcium Channel Blockers
Erectile Dysfunction Meds
What Causes the Grapefruit Juice Effect?
Eating grapefruit causes an inhibitory reaction with enzyme CYP 3A4 in the digestive tract. If you eat grapefruit, you will have less CYP 3AR available in the walls of your intestines – and these diminished levels will last for about 24 hours after the grapefruit juice consumption.
This enzyme is critical for the breakdown and metabolization of many medications. If you have lowered levels of the enzyme in the intestines, less of the medication is broken down. Less metabolized medications will have unpredictable effects – often showing increases in potency or side effects.
Breaking down less of a drug in the intestines leaves more of the drug available to cause bodily reactions.
Interestingly, the grapefruit juice affect will affect people very differently, with some people finding a great effect, and others very little. Researchers believe that people have greatly differing levels of available CYP 3AR in the digestive tract, and it is this varying quantity of enzymes that causes the varying sensitivity to grapefruit juice.
What about Other Citrus Fruits?
Only grapefruit seems to have this effect on medications. Researchers aren’t exactly sure what it is in Grapefruit that causes the enzymatic reaction.
What if you are already taking a medication that interacts with grapefruit juice…and you drink grapefruit juice regularly?!?
You should ask your doctor about the grapefruit juice effect prior to starting a new medication.
If you are already taking a medication that supposedly interacts with grapefruit, and you consume grapefruit juice regularly – you should not stop eating grapefruit juice prior to talking with your doctor! Your doctor will want to talk with you about the effects of the drug in conjunction with the fruit, and may or may not ask you to make changes.
- Summary of research on this effect
- Grapefruit juice: Can it cause drug interactions? - MayoClinic.com
Grapefruit juice can interfere with certain prescription medications. Find out more.