The Health Benefits of Guava Fruit
Guava With Pink Flesh
The Guava Tree
Latin Name : Psidium guajava
Guava fruit is called Amrood in India
History Of Guava
Guava originated in Mexico and South America but is now grown and consumed in all Asian countries. In Northern Florida, Guava was first cultivated in the early 20 th century. A traditional event called "Guavaween" is celebrated every year on the last Saturday of the month of October, near Ybor City, Tampa, Florida, to celebrate the arrival of Guava. This is one of the largest festivals in Ybor.
The major producers of Guava are India, Brazil and Mexico. The best guavas in India are from the city of Allahabad.
Unripe & Ripe Guava
Nutrients in Guava
As guava is rich in many nutrients it can be called a super fruit.
It is an extremely rich source of soluble dietary fibre. It is super rich in Vitamin C and contains more than 4 to 5 times of this vitamin than is found in oranges and other citrus fruits. One guava provides more than 3 times our daily requirement of Vitamin C.
It is a good source of Vitamin A (contains more than 10 times that found in lemons) and the flavonoids, beta carotene, lycopene, lutein and cryptoxanthin.
It contains more potassium than is found in the same quantity of bananas.
It also contains good amounts of many B Complex vitamins like niacin, B6, pantothenic acid, Vitamins E & K and the minerals magnesium, copper and manganese.
The unripe guava has more Vitamin C than a ripe one.
Guava Nutritional Information
Guava (Psidium guajava), fresh
Nutritive Value per 100 g.
(Source: USDA National Nutrient data base)
Percentage of RDA
49 mu g
Health Uses of Different Parts of The Guava Tree
Leaves, bark, flowers wood and fruit of the tree all are used for different purposes.
- A decoction of the bark and leaves treats diarrhoea and dysentery. This has been used by the ancient tribes of the Amazon rain forests as well as Indians.
- The decoction and infusion have also been used to treat vomiting, nausea, stomach ailments, menstrual problems, vertigo.
- Chewing the tender leaves cures halitosis and bleeding gums. It is believed that if tender leaves are chewed before consuming alcohol one does not develop a hangover.
- An infusion of the flowers is used to treat injuries, ulcers and skin problems.
- Applying mashed flowers is believed to heal eye injuries and relieve conjunctivitis and eye strain from being in the sun.
- The decoction of the leaves is used as a gargle for relieving painful throat and mouth swelling. It is also applied externally to relieve vaginal discharge and irritation.
- The decoction also relieves fever, boils and diabetes, worms and leucorrhea.
Health Benefits Of the Different Nutrients in Guava
- The highly soluble dietary fibre works as a laxative and prevents constipation. It also reduces the risk of diabetes. The fibre protects against toxins and binds to toxic cancer-causing chemicals thus protecting the mucosal surface of the colon against their toxic effects.
- The extra high levels of Vitamin C act as an antioxidant and neutralises the free radicals and increase resistance. It aids in the production of collagen which is needed by all body organs, bones, blood vessels and the skin.
- Vitamin A and flavonoids also work as antioxidants and help maintain the integrity of the mucosal surface and skin and protect from the different types of cancers and benefit the eyesight.
- Lycopene protects against the damaging UV rays and prostate cancer.
- The high potassium level benefits the heart rate and keeps BP normal.
- The mineral copper keeps the haemoglobin level up and the thyroid healthy while manganese helps in the activation of many enzymes.
- Good folate levels promote fertility.
- Though the Glycemic Index for guava at 78 is high (most fruits have GI between 30 to 50) the glycemic load is 4 out of 40.
Thus guava has very little impact on blood glucose levels. This has been stated by Dr Johny Bowden PhD, clinical nutrition specialist in his book 'The 150 healthiest foods on earth'.
- Guava lowers cholesterol, prevents scurvy, benefits in asthma and lungs congestion., reduces inflammation of gums and pain in teeth.
- Guava controls cough, cold and congestion.
Unripe Guava And Guava Leaves
Specific Uses Of Guava In Health Conditions As Per Ayurveda
Eat 250 grams of Guava, preferably the Allahabad variety, in the morning and the same quantity in the evening, for 6 weeks, every day. Add lemon juice, black pepper powder and salt to taste if needed.
This gives strength to the tissues and muscles, removes body heat and cures mania.
Guava relieves mental tension too.
- Boils, Itching And Other Skin Infections
Eat 250 grams Guava every afternoon for 4 weeks. It cleans the stomach, purifies the blood, removes heat from the body and relieves all the above-mentioned problems.
- Chronic Loose Stools
- Boil tender Guava leaves in water. Strain and drink this water.
- For mucus with stools, swelling and wounds in intestines, eat 250 grams Guava for 2 to 3 months every day.
The Tannic acid in the Guava heals the wounds and makes the intestines healthy.
Crush some tender guava leaves, mix in water and drink.
- For Indigestion, Bloating And Weak Digestion
Guava is a very useful remedy. Those suffering from these problems should eat 250 grams of guava after meals.
- Cough With Expectoration
Bake 1 guava in fire and eat.
- Chronic Cold & Coryza
Go on a total Guava diet for 3 days. Eat nothing else.
- To Remove Opium Intoxication Effects
Eat Guava or drink juice of Guava leaves.
- Painful Teeth
Chew few Guava leaves for relief.
- Pain In Gums, Selling & Toothache
Boil guava leaves in water and swish this water around in the mouth for some minutes.
Eating Guava lubricates the intestines and removes dryness thus relieving constipation. Eat guava before meals. Taking it after meals will cause constipation.
People suffering from constipation should eat 1 Guava at breakfast time.
Eat 250 grams Guava and drink hot milk after this.
Those having chronic constipation should eat 1 Guava in the morning and 1 Guava in the evening every day. This will bring clear motions, remove gas and indigestion, and increase appetite.
When some rock salt is sprinkled on Guava before consuming, it increases the digestive power.
The high levels of Vitamin C give strength to the heart, lessens thirst and gives strength to the brain.
On empty stomach in the morning eat 250 grams of Guava for few days. This cures piles.
For constipation due to piles eating Guava in the morning on an empty stomach is very beneficial.
To prevent Piles from recurring a very simple traditional remedy is; Keep the pressure on the left foot when sitting to clear your bowels.
It benefits in malaria so eat it.
- Whooping Cough
Bake a Guava in hot sand and the eat. It relieves.
It is advised that salt and black pepper powder be sprinkled on guava, before consuming it, to remove its phlegm forming effects.
About The Guava Tree
Guava is now cultivated in most of the tropical areas of Africa, Asia, West Indies and the subtropical areas of Australia and North America.
The Guava tree grows to a height of about 30 feet though modern cultivars are shorter at 10 - 15 feet. The tree grows well in sunny and humid areas and does not require a large amount of water. It can bear some cold but not frost.
The bark is thin and papery, brown in colour with a greenish-white skin below. The bark possesses healing properties.
The leaves emit a fragrant smell when crushed and are evergreen. They also possess healing qualities.
The fruit is from round to oval to pear-shaped with the flesh colour from white to pale yellow to pink containing numerous seeds. The outer covering of the fruit can be thin and smooth or thick and wrinkled. The colour is pale yellow when ripe. The fruit can be eaten when it is a shade less than fully ripe.
Monkeys and wild birds love eating the ripe fruit.
Miscellaneous Uses Of The Parts Of The GuavaTree
The timber from the tree has a fine grain and is strong. It is used for making carvings, etchings, hair combs, handles. It is also used as fuel.
Leaves and Bark
The tannin from the leaves and bark is used for tanning hides and to colour silk black. In some countries, it is used to colour cotton black.
Guava fruits are eaten raw or canned. In some parts of the world, they are cooked and eaten. Juices, Jams, beverages are also prepared from them. They are used in making ice cream, cakes, marmalade, jellies etc.
They are also dehydrated and made into a powder and used in bakery and confectionery products.
Please consult your medical doctor or health service provider before taking any home remedies or supplements or before embarking on a new health routine. This article is for information purposes only.
Guava Cream Cheese Delite
Guava And Cheese Pastry
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and does not substitute for diagnosis, prognosis, treatment, prescription, and/or dietary advice from a licensed health professional. Drugs, supplements, and natural remedies may have dangerous side effects. If pregnant or nursing, consult with a qualified provider on an individual basis. Seek immediate help if you are experiencing a medical emergency.
© 2012 Rajan Singh Jolly