ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Mediterranean Diet: Phytochemicals In Citrus

Updated on October 26, 2009

Citrus fruits have been acknowledged since the earliest times in antiquity to have a significant amount of health benefits. In the age of the first sail powered ocean crossings, sailors would often fall ill with scurvy due to the deficiency of vitamin C since they did not carry along with them any citrus fruits. Although vitamin C deficiency has long ceased to be a major health issue, a great number of individuals do not consume enough citrus fruits. That is a is a terrible factoid since citrus fruits are most certainly among the most nutritious, not to mention delicious, fruits available. Including more citrus fruit into your daily diet can have a significant beneficial effect on your overall health. Citrus fruits are certainly not limited to the standard oranges and grapefruits which everyone is familiar with. Most major supermarkets have a virtually infinite variety of citrus fruits featured in their produce departments, including mandarin oranges, tangerines, kumquats, and of course, lemons and limes.

The Italian word for lemon is limone. The Ancient Romans imported lemons, and the first citrus trees are thought to have been brought to Italy in the 1st century, possibly from Alexandria, Egypt. Southern Italy is where most of the lemons are grown, but lemons are also grown in the northern Lake Garda region which is a Mediterranean climate enclave in the midst of the foothills of the Alps. This is the northernmost citrus-growing region in the world with propagation of the lemon in the Lake area dating back to before 1500. The consumption of lemon has been clinically associated with lower rates of stomach cancer.

Some of the phytochemicals present in lemons and to some degree in most citrus fruits include:

Coumarins: Coumarins may help prevent cancer. They have been shown in test tubes to turn on an enzyme that can make potentially harmful compounds harmless. Coumarins have also been shown in animals to stop tumors from growing.

Limonene: Limonene is an isoprenoid, which is a general group of phytochemicals. There seems to be some clinical evidence that limonene may help prevent cancer, as it has been shown in vitro to prevent tumors from starting, especially in the stomach, lung and breast. It also has been shown to help an enzyme that neutralizes various cell situations that could possibly turn into cancer. Limonene may be especially helpful in preventing breast cancer. In rats, limonene caused the complete regression of the majority of advanced mammary cancer.

Nobiletin: Nobiletin is a flavonoid, which is another general group of phytochemicals. Nobiletin has been shown in a test tube to block tumor growth and to help an enzyme that can detoxify elements which could lead to cancer..

Rutin: Rutin is another flavonoid, which may help prevent heart disease. In a test tube, rutin has been shown to inhibit LDL oxidation. Excessive oxidized LDL has been related to heart disease.

Tangeretin: Tangeretin is also a flavonoid. In animals, tangeretin can inhibit tumors from growing.

Terpenoids: Terpenoids are another general group of phytochemicals that may help prevent cancer. There seems to be a limited amount of clinical evidence showing that terpenoids seem to prevent cancer in two different ways. First, they can work as antioxidants, so they decrease the chances of cancers due to oxidation from starting. They can also work in ways that decrease the chances of cancers due to oxidation from starting, if it has already started.

Continued In The Mediterranean Diet: Phytochemicals In Olive Oil

Back To Start

Disclaimer: The information on this Hub page does not constitute medical, legal, commercial, product, and/or service advice or endorsement of any vendor, supplier and/or brand, and does not necessarily reflect the opinion of the author. Listing of an entity or service on this Hub page is not a warranty of the quality or efficacy of the products or services furnished by any entity. The author is not directly compensated by any entity other than the advertising placement services shown on this page.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Gurpreet 

      5 years ago

      By the way another aetvrnatile to take a pic of your team is if you have a windows PC hit the Prt Sc key open a word doc or paint and press Ctrl+V which will paste an image of the screen shot you just took, save and send in an email. Hopeful someone may find this helpful. I don't want to be the only one who sends in a picture I need some competition after all haha

    • profile image

      Wizz310 

      7 years ago

      Your points are oh so valid, especially in the context of the so-called Mediterranean diet. Sadly, in my part of the Med, Malta, people don't eat enough citrus even when it's hanging in their gardens and food for free! My neighbours give it away, see: http://www.maltainsideout.com/377/oranges-lemons/

      Malta has a long and veritable association with citrus - it having been introduced here with the Arabs in the 8th century. Now though, it's not given its due, or used enough. A sad but true fact is the even the people in the Mediterranean region aren't appreciating their traditional diet's benefits.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)