ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Risks of Liposuction: The Side Effects After Cosmetic Surgery

Updated on June 21, 2018
Schatzie Speaks profile image

Schatzie has two bachelor's degrees, one in science and the other in English. She is working on her master's degree.

SURGEON PERFORMING LIPOSUCTION
SURGEON PERFORMING LIPOSUCTION | Source

A study on the long-term effects of liposuction has been published in the Obesity journal. The results were unanticipated. Not only did individuals regain all suctioned fat within the span of a single year, but it reappeared in different locations on their bodies. More interesting still, this new information has done little to dissuade women, including those directly involved in the study, from continuing to undergo the surgical procedure.

The normal short-term effects of liposuction are well known and include swelling and bruising of surrounding tissue (1). Other more serious complications involve shock, infection, and scarring (1). Despite this, the process is highly popular. In fact, the American Society of Plastic Surgeons reported a 5% increase in individuals signing up for cosmetic procedures in 2010 in comparison to the previous year (2). Of the cosmetic surgeries performed, liposuction was the fourth most popular and was completed on approximately 200,000 Americans (1,2).

THE STUDY

Because of this, the long-term effects of liposuction should be of interest to a large number of Americans. Fortunately, doctors Teri L. Hernandez and Robert H. Eckel designed a study to find out just what this impact might be.

The doctors worked with 32 women participants considered to be healthy and not obese, but who were disproportionately bottom heavy (3). These women were randomly divided into two groups: one group of 14 individuals who would undergo liposuction and one group of 18 individuals who would not, instead serving as a control (3). The control group was rewarded for their agreement to postpone liposuction for the study’s duration by the promise of receiving the procedure at the end for a discounted price (1).

Fat was removed from the thighs and lower abdominal regions of the 18 individuals in the experimental group (3). Then measurements of both groups were taken and compared 6 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months later (1). At 6 weeks there was a body fat difference of 2.1% between the two groups, which diminished substantially by 6 months and vanished almost completely by 12 months (3). At the end of the study the two groups had essentially statistically identical body fat compositions.

However, the experimental group had not returned to their initial body shape. Contrary to expectations, the operated on lower regions of their bodies maintained their smaller size (3). Their upper abdominal region, shoulders, and arms, on the other hand, had expanded to hold the same amount of fat that had been suctioned away from their lower stomachs and thighs (1). As doctor Robert H. Eckel explained, “the fat was redistributed upstairs” (3).

REACTIONS TO RESULTS

These results have led to several questions about the nature of fat cell composition and distribution. Dr. Rudolph Leibel, a Columbia University researcher and obesity specialist, answers these questions. He explains that the body ultimately controls its fat cells and overall fat composition (1). It does so by automatically replacing dead fat cells with new ones. This study only demonstrates this process. However, because liposuction damages the tissues in which it takes place, new cell growth is inhibited in these areas; as a consequence, cells reform elsewhere (1).

FAT CELLS
FAT CELLS | Source

Despite this phenomenon, the women operated on in the study were anything but dismayed at their overall results. They were not upset that their upper bodies had grown in size; instead, they were simply happy to have smaller hips and thighs (3). Further, a majority of the women in the control group, even after being informed of results, still wished to undergo their discounted liposuction surgeries (1). It may therefore be safe to assume that despite this published study, cosmetic surgeries will only continue to soar in popularity. But all will be better informed of what to expect.

AN INTERESTING QUESTION

An additional question has been raised as a result of these findings: why was this not studied years ago? (4). Considering that liposuction has been performed since as early as 1974, there has been sufficient time for several such studies to have taken place (4). One plausible explanation is that there was fear that once the general population was informed of any negative results, the demand for the cosmetic surgery would plummet. Interestingly enough, this does not appear to be the case.

SOURCES


1. "Fat Removed Via Liposuction Returns in All the Wrong Places" written by Drucilla Dyess. Copyright: Health News.

2. "Rebound in Economy Leads to Increase in Plastic Surgery" written by Susan Brady. Copyright: Health News.

3. "Fat Lipsuctioned From Hips Returns to Belly Within 12 Months" written by Catharine Paddock, PhD. Copyright: Medical News Today.

4. "Study: Fat grows back after liposuction" by Landon Hall. Copyright: The Orange County Register.



Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Lipogal 

      11 months ago

      I had (near) full body Smart Lipo approximately 8 years ago. Multiple surgeries, costing a fortune. I am now in my 50's going through menopause and have filled in ALL of those areas, PLUS! If I knew then, what I know now, I never would have wasted thousands of dollars

    • profile image

      Ninette Smith 

      2 years ago

      What happen to those who undergo a full body lipo procedure? I heard the fat will start to grow around vital organs like the liver and kidney and cause health issues..

    • Health Reports profile image

      Jane Wilson 

      4 years ago from Geogia

      Very interesting Thumbs up!

    • Schatzie Speaks profile imageAUTHOR

      Pilar Floyd 

      5 years ago

      Hi Liam,

      I'm glad you found the hub helpful. I really wouldn't recommend you base your decision on any website, but have a one-on-one conversation with a professional (or two) about your specific situation. I am far from an expert but there are experts out there who do this procedure routinely and can help you find out if it would offer greater benefits than drawbacks for you personally.

      Schatzie

    • Schatzie Speaks profile imageAUTHOR

      Pilar Floyd 

      5 years ago

      Hi Solunamd,

      The study says that all benefits were lost by 12 months. I don't know how long you keep in contact with patients or follow up with them for, but I'm guessing you're not still asking them how they think their surgery went a year after it is completed.

      Thanks for stopping by and giving your feedback,

      Schatzie

    • profile image

      Liam Manning 

      5 years ago

      I really appreciate your information, it helped me a lot. My friend was recently telling me about liposuction and I think it would be a great option for me. He told me to look at this site: http://www.phrcenters.com/22.html, what would you suggest?

    • solunamd profile image

      John W. Chang, MD 

      6 years ago from Coral Gables & Pembroke Pines, Florida

      A very surprising hub Schatzie. Still as being in the profession for more than 10 years I haven't come across such an issue regarding liposuction. If the procedure goes wrong than that's different thing but to be honest I have heard this for the first time. My client's have never issued such a problem.

      What I have understand is that the dead cells are reproduced automatically but is distributed in other area's of the body hence making those area's fatter. By this mean Liposuction actually does nothing.

      But a great hub and something to be considered regarding this. I'll let you know if I get more on this.

      Cosmetic Surgery Center in Miami ( http://www.solunamd.com )

    • Schatzie Speaks profile imageAUTHOR

      Pilar Floyd 

      7 years ago

      Thanks for your comment, Happyboomernurse.

      I agree, it is amazing what the body can do. Though, it would be nice if fat could be made to vanish forever!

    • Happyboomernurse profile image

      Gail Sobotkin 

      7 years ago from South Carolina

      Well researched, informative hub that was interesting to read and quite surprising. I liked the way you showed the sources of your information and added links to them. Thanks for sharing this article.

      The body never ceases to amaze me in the things it will do to maintain homeostasis.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)