ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Shocking Truth About Addiction

Updated on November 13, 2016
Sam Wickstrom profile image

Sam has a lot of addiction in his family history and was motivated to learn the truth about this topic.

Mainstream Model of Addiction

Many people believe that addicts are lazy and unmotivated, and that addiction comes out of bad life choices and poor reasoning abilities. Since the beginning of the drug war, people have been fed the wrong ideas about addiction. Most people have come to believe that addiction arises out of mere foolishness, but there are many people who see the underlying complexities, but have trouble understanding why people would commit so fervently to a dangerous habit.

Isolation Cages
Isolation Cages
Rat Family Park
Rat Family Park

Rat Park Experiment

An experiment was done with rats to gain a better understanding about addiction, and to hopefully come up with a more accurate model which could help us understand the effects of drugs. From this experiment scientists learned a crucial and shocking revelation about the causes of addiction.

This is how it goes. Scientists placed rats into small isolated cages, and gave them food, water, and water laced with morphine. The scientists also placed a large family of rats into a park with everything they needed, social interaction, exercise, food, water, and so on. In the rat park they also placed water laced with morphine that the rats could easily chose to drink from. The rats experiencing psychological isolation in their lonely cages would drink the morphine water and often overdose and die. While the rats in the park would prefer to retain their psychological stability in favor of social interaction. The rats in the park even had to be coxed with added sugar in the morphine water. The basic premise that this experiment provides is that addiction comes about from psychological isolation.

Gabor Mate's Research

While reading Gabor Mate's In the Realm of Hungry Ghosts, I learned about the true causes of addiction, through Gabor's personal experience as an addiction specialist working in the drug ridden heart of Vancouver's down town east side in British Columbia, Canada. The basic truth that Gabor learned and continues to see each day, is the same as the rat park experiment. He sees that people who are severely addicted to drugs experienced neglect and abuse from their care givers at a very early age. Throughout their lives they continue to feel this neglect, and so they experience psychological isolation. Their minds become their own prison, and drugs become the key, A momentary escape from the immense mental turmoil that causes them to feel great pain every day. I would hardly hesitate to say that all drug addicts suffer from a degree of psychological isolation, and were abused and neglected in their childhood.

Short description by addiction specialist

Reader Poll

What causes addiction?

See results


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: ""

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)