*The Use Of Drugs & Alcohol Consumption*
What is Opium?
Opium is a highly addictive narcotic drug acquired in the dried latex form from the opium poppy seed pod. This substance can vary in color and may be yellow or could range all the way to a very dark brown color. Opium has a very bitter taste and a distinct odor that is easily recognizable.
The intensity of opium’s euphoric effects on the brain depends on the dose and route of administration. It works quickly when smoked because the opiate chemicals pass into the lungs, where they are quickly absorbed and then sent to the brain. An opium “high” is very similar to a heroin “high” and the users experience a euphoric rush, followed by relaxation and the relief of physical pain. Prolonged use of opium can lead to lung disorders including emphysema and cancer. Smoking opium also causes damage to the brain, liver, kidneys and various other organs of the body.
- Reduced anxiety
- Reduced pain
- Reduced stress
- Reduced appetite
- Weight loss
- Reduced energy
- Reduced sex drive
Legal status of Opium: Schedule II controlled substance ---> Substances in this schedule have a high potential for abuse which may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
What is Heroin?
Heroin is a highly addictive, illegal drug. It is used by millions of addicts around the world who are unable to overcome the urge to continue taking this drug every day of their lives knowing that if they stop, they will face the horror of the state of withdrawal. Heroin just like Opium is made from the resin of poppy plants. Milky, sap like opium is first removed from the pod of the poppy flower. This opium is refined to make morphine (pain killer), then further refined into different forms of heroin.
Heroin acts directly on the brain's opiate receptors and can trigger feelings of intense pleasure.
Some other effects of heroin on the brain are:
- reduced cough reflex
- pain relief
- reduced sexual urges
- slurred and slow speech
- reduced coordination
Legal Status of Heroin: Schedule I Controlled Substance ---> Drugs in this category are illegal because they have high abuse potential, no medical use, and severe safety concerns.
Marijuana is a mood-altering drug that produces a feeling of calm and well-being. Marijuana also has limited medical use for severe pain relief and other chronic conditions. Marijuana has the highest rate of illegal use among 12-17-year olds. It may cause mood changes, suicidal thinking and disrupt normal learning abilities. It may also be capable of producing dependency,psychosis and addiction.
When cannabis is consumed for recreational purposes, the following effects are possible:
- Subjective change in perception ---> marijuana can have slight hallucinogenic effects, making users see reality in a distorted way
- Alteration in mood ---> some may experience euphoria, become more animated, while others enter a state of relaxation
Solid evidence from animal research and a growing number of studies in humans indicate that marijuana exposure during development can cause long-term or possibly permanent changes in the brain. Memory impairment from marijuana use occurs because THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) alters how information is processed in the hippocampus, a brain area responsible for memory formation.
Legal Status of Marijuana: Schedule I Substance ---> Marijuana is classified as a Schedule I substance, which is the ranking reserved for drugs with the greatest potential for abuse and with no medicinal value. Heroin, ecstasy and LSD are listed in that category, too, while cocaine and methamphetamine rank one level lower than marijuana, as Schedule II.
What Drugs Do In Your Body (Drugs Documentary)
Psilocybin Mushrooms (aka. Magic Mushrooms)
The mushroom is one of more than 100 species that contain compounds called psilocybin and psilocin, which are psychoactive and cause hallucinations, euphoria and other trippy symptoms. These "magic mushrooms" have long been used in Central American religious ceremonies, and are now part of the black market in drugs in the United States and many other countries, where they are considered a controlled substance. Magic Mushrooms don't just exist to get people high, they have their own lives. And part of that life is reproduction. Like other fungi, mushrooms reproduce via the spores, which travel with the breeze to find a new place to grow.
Ingesting these types of mushrooms has a strong hallucinogenic effect that begins to affect the user within 20-30 minutes. Early effects of the active ingredients in mushrooms, psilocybin, psilocin, and baeocystin, are broken down into psilocin once they have been taken. The initial feelings are described as mild anxiety or anticipatory sensations. Entire physical body sensation of energy or mild electricity running through the body is common. Some of the long term negative effects of Magic Mushrooms are:
- headaches, often experienced as the effects of the drug wear off, even occurring the next day, and lasting up to 24 hours after taking mushrooms
- intense fear, even paranoia
- nausea, primarily experienced when mushrooms are eaten raw or in dried form
- high anxiety
- some users said they have experienced dizziness or even confusion with mushrooms
- can exacerbate mental illness or push latent mental disorders into expression
- attention disruption
- serious interactions have been recognized when mixed with other drugs, especially alcohol
- can cause problems for those with low blood pressure, who may experience lightheadedness and/or loss of consciousness
There are a few permanent effects which are recognized with mushroom use. Those who have psychotic reactions to the drug may have pre-existing mental illness that has not yet been diagnosed. A psychotic experience on hallucinogenic drugs is a risk for those who have latent mental illness.
Legal Status of Magic Mushrooms: Schedule I substance ---> under the Controlled Substances Act. Schedule I drugs, which include heroin and LSD, have a high potential for abuse.
LSD - Lysergic Acid Diethylamide
LSD is one of the strongest hallucinogenic drugs. It can disrupt the normal functioning of your brain, possibly for the short term, and possibly for life. LSD disrupts how your nerve cells and the neurotransmitter serotonin interact throughout the brain and spinal cord. The side effects of LSD can vary from person to person and the dosage. Usually, the first effects of the drug are felt 30 to 90 minutes after taking it. The user experiences extreme changes in mood, feel several different emotions at once, or swing rapidly from one emotion to another. If taken in large enough doses, the drug produces delusions and visual hallucinations. The physical effects include dilated pupils, higher body temperature and sweating, nausea and loss of appetite.
Other physical effects of LSD include:
- Dilated pupils
- Higher or lower body temperature
- Sweating or chills
- Dry mouth
The mental effects of LSD are:
- Visual hallucinations
- An artificial sense of euphoria
- Distortion of one’s sense of time and identity
- Impaired depth perception
- Impaired time perception, distorted perception of the size and shape of objects, movements, color, sounds, touch and the user’s own body image
- Severe, terrifying thoughts and feelings and of course flashbacks of memories
- Fear of losing control
Legal Status of LSD: Schedule I Substance ---> Under the influence of LSD, the ability to make sensible judgments and see common dangers is impaired, making the user susceptible to personal injury, which can be fatal.
Alcohol is a depressant, which means it can disrupt that balance, affecting our thoughts, feelings and actions and sometimes our long-term mental health. Unfortunately reaching for a drink won’t always have the effect you’re after. Yes it's true! While a glass of wine after a hard day might help you relax, in the long run it can also contribute to feelings of depression and anxiety and make stress harder to deal with. This is partly down to neurotransmitters, chemicals that help to transmit signals from one nerve (or your neurons) in the brain to another.
Here's a list of what happens. These are the warning signs that alcohol is affecting your mood:
- disturbed sleep
- feeling lethargic and tired all the time
- low mood
- experiencing anxiety in situations where you would normally feel comfortable.
Alcohol can make people lose their inhibitions and behave impulsively and aggressive, so it can lead to actions they might not otherwise have taken including self-harm and suicide. Drinking too much alcohol affects many parts of the body and the organs especially the Liver and Kidneys. It can be especially harmful to the liver, due to the fact that this organ metabolizes (breaks down) alcohol and other harmful substances. People who drink heavily for a long time can develop diseases such as liver inflammation (alcoholic hepatitis) or severe liver scarring (cirrhosis). Alcohol related Liver failure diseases can cause death. Long-term alcohol use can also result in high blood pressure (Hypertension), which increases a person’s risk of heart disease. However, blood pressure can go back to normal within a few months after drinking stops.
Alcoholics are not all alike. They experience different degrees of impairment, and the disease has different origins for different people. Consequently, researchers have not found conclusive evidence that any one variable is solely responsible for the brain deficits found in alcoholics.
For Emergency related purposes dial 911 or visit the nearest ER as quickly as possible. Please consult with your MD if you have any questions or concerns and if you are a heavy drinker.
1 (800) 273-8255 - National Suicide Prevention Lifeline
The Use Of Drugs & Alcohol Consumption
© 2016 Mahsa S