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The Best Diet For Pitta Dosha Type In Ayurveda

Updated on June 21, 2012

The Three Doshas

In Ayurvedic philosophy, the five elements namely air, earth, ether, fire and water combine in pairs to form three dynamic forces or interactions called 'doshas'. Dosha literally means "that which changes." The word is derived from Sanskrit, 'dus', which is equivalent to the English prefix 'dys', such as in dysfunction, dystrophy, etc. Here, dosha can be regarded as a fault, mistake, error, or a transgression against the cosmic rhythm. In Ayurveda, dosha is also known as the governing principles as every living being in nature is characterized by 'doshas'.

In Ayurveda, people are classified according to the three 'doshas' namely Vata, Pitta and Kapha. But it's important to understand that although we may be dominant in one dosha, we actually have all three present in our body. Most people will actually be a combination of two of these doshas, with the third only playing a minor role. But because we all contain the three, any of them can get out of balance. Their combinations are as follows:

Vata :Air and Ether

Pitta :Fire and Water

Kapha :Water and Earth

Here, I will be going into some details of 'Pitta Dosha' only, as it will take volumes to write about them all!

The Best Diet For Pitta Dosha Type In Ayurveda
The Best Diet For Pitta Dosha Type In Ayurveda

Pitta Dosha

Pitta is the force created by the dynamic interplay of water and fire. These forces indicates transformation. They can't be changed into each other, but they influence or control each other and are vital in life processes to occur. For example, if the fire is too much it will result in water getting boiled away. If the water is too much it will result in the fire being put out.

Pitta governs digestion, absorption, assimilation, nutrition, metabolism, body temperature, skin coloration, the luster of the eyes, intelligence, and understanding. Psychologically, pitta arouses anger, hate, and jealousy. The small intestine, stomach, sweat glands, blood, fat, eyes, and skin are the seats of Pitta.

The main characteristics of Pitta dominant body types are determination,strong willed, good digestion, initiative, energy, about many things etc.

Things that can imbalance Pitta body types are excess heat, hot climates, and hot times of day, humidity, vacations and times when there is increased mobility, excess oil in the diet, too many hot foods, including spicy foods. But this can also mean too many cooked meals, excess caffeine, salt, red meat and alcohol

The Ayurvedic Diet

The Best Diet For Pitta Dosha Type In Ayurveda
The Best Diet For Pitta Dosha Type In Ayurveda


You can balance excess pitta with foods that are cool, dry and heavy with a mild, naturally sweet, bitter or astringent taste. For example, milk, rice, beans, steamed vegetables and fruit are good for pitta dosha type.


Asparagus, Broccoli, Brussels sprouts, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Celery, Cucumber, Green beans, Green (sweet) peppers, Leafy green vegetables, Lettuce, Mushrooms, Okra, Parsley, Peas, Potatoes, Sprouts, Squash, Sweet potatoes, Zucchini


Sweet Fruits:, Apples, Avocados, Cherries, Coconut, Figs, Dark grapes, Mangoes, Melons, Pineapples, Plums, Prunes, Raisins.Just make sure that fruits are sweet and ripe.


Barley, Oats, Wheat, White rice (preferably basmati rice)


Chicken, Shrimp and Turkey but all in small amounts only.


Butter, Egg whites, Ghee (clarified butter )- unless you are watching cholesterol, Ice cream and Milk


Chickpeas, Mung beans, Tofu and other soybean products

Nuts and Seeds

Coconut, Pumpkin seeds and Sunflower seeds


Coconut, Olive, Soy and Sunflower

Herbs and Spices

Spices are generally avoided as too heating. In small amounts, the following sweet and astringent spices are ok. Cardamom, Cilantro(green coriander), Cinnamon, Coriander seed, Dill, Fennel, Mint

Saffron, Turmeric. Plus small amounts of cumin and black pepper


All sweeteners are acceptable except honey and molasses


Pungent and oily foods such as curry, fried foods and spicy condiments, as well as spices such as cayenne, garlic and dry ginger, should be avoided by pitta types. Stimulants like smoking, alcohol, coffee, pickles, vinegar, fried foods, spicy foods, fermented foods, curds, almond, corn, til, mustard oil shouls also be avoided or reduced.

Vegetables like Beets, Carrots, Eggplant, Garlic, Hot peppers, Onions, Radishes, Spinach and Tomatoes should be avoided or reduced. Avoid or reduce the consumption of Apricots, Bananas, Berries, Cherries (sour), Cranberries, Grapefruit, Papayas, Peaches and Persimmons. Avoid fruits that come to market sour or unripe. Also avoid fruits such as green grapes, oranges, pineapple and plum unless they are sweet and ripe.

Brown rice, Corn, Millet, Ry, Buttermilk, Cheese, Egg yolks, Sour cream, Yogurt, and red meat and seafood in general should be avoided. Lentils, oils made from Almond, Corn, Safflower and Sesame and sweeteners based on honey and molasses also should be avoided or reduced.

All pungent herbs and spices except the ones mentioned above should be avoided. If at all you want to use take only the minimal amounts of the following: Barbecue sauce, Catsup, Mustard, Pickles, Salt, Sour salad dressings, Spicy condiments and Vinegar

Avoid processed and fast foods as they tend to be heavy on salt and sour tastes. Japanese and Chinese food are good choices. Avoid highly spicy food such as is found in Mexican restaurants. To bring down aggravated Pitta, take two teaspoons of ghee (clarified butter) in a glass of warm milk. (Avoid taking the ghee if you have problem with high cholesterol). Pitta dosha is aggravated and increased during summer. During hot, dry seasons, all mind-body types can choose some of the above foods and decrease others. Mental and emotional peace and constructive lifestyle routines are important to restoring and maintaining balance between all the doshas.


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    • yoginijoy profile image

      yoginijoy 5 years ago from Mid-Atlantic, USA

      What an informative and descriptive hub on the pitta diet. Thank you for the recommendations. I am just learning about Ayurveda the past few years and it is quite interesting. Take care!

    • profile image

      amy 6 years ago

      Thanks So much. Am hoping you have written on the other doshas too!


    • profile image

      ron 6 years ago

      thks for publishing it was helpful

    • profile image

      Jilliankay 6 years ago

      Is an all juice detox ok if it's using the ok veggies and fruits?

    • profile image 6 years ago

      very informative. thnks. s.jiwani

    • profile image

      Cgreen 6 years ago

      Great article !

    • profile image

      Yara 6 years ago

      Of course I will love to follow the diet,now that I know the type of doshas i belonged!

    • Gobi Obi profile image

      Gobi Obi 6 years ago

      it is very good though as I am a very firey, easily aggitated person who hates summer and hot sun, I now know I am not a freak because summer is so bad for me and I need the dark and coolness to be calm.

    • Gobi Obi profile image

      Gobi Obi 6 years ago

      I am very much a Pita dosha but I have borderline Diabetes and tend to drink too much fruit juice and eat too much fruit, I see certain fruits are good for Pita types how would I balance it with Diabetes?

    • profile image

      sariga 7 years ago

      These are very good tips to know about our body. Everyone should study their own body. Understanding own body is great. Thanks for the post.

    • profile image

      Ravin 7 years ago

      Very useful and beneficial for good health. But with due respect, I don't think that you had to mention non-veg food when referring to ayurveda. This book only refers to vegetarian food.

    • profile image

      val 7 years ago

      hi!!! they told I'm a pitta type and I'd like to know if you can suggest some books in order to understand more about it!

      Thank youuuu alot.

      ps_great topic!

    • profile image

      Jasleen 7 years ago

      Very well put together. Very handy for me just now.

      I have a predominant Kapha with a minor Pitta. However, just now, the Pitta in terms of gastric & duodenal ulcer is out in full force & I need to quieten it down.

      Can I take fresh alma juice as it is in season? Any other diet suggestions or things to avoid particularly? Do let me know if you would prefer I could write to you seperately for this clarification. Thanks.

    • profile image

      Liz Holman 7 years ago

      Great Information. I tired two tests to determine my type, though do you know of a test that is the most accurate in determining your body type?

    • profile image

      naveen 7 years ago

      dear sunsen ,i saw the comment of one respectfull person ,i dont think he is fully right ,ayurveda never says a person as to be fully vegiterian,thanks for your effort

    • profile image

      Yashendu Goswami 7 years ago

      Dear SunSeven, it is very nice work you did by providing this all information to people but I would ask you not to put non-vegetarian food in the name of Ayurveda, as it is not really suggested by Ayurveda and if you do that then somehow it is misguiding. Hope my suggestion will not trigger your anger. sending you lots of Love and Blessings.

    • jaishe profile image

      jaishe 7 years ago from S.India

      Good information. It is better to avoid meat. If can not Occasionally in small quantities.

    • profile image

      Buttercup 7 years ago

      Is ginger acceptable for a pitta diet?

    • ceholmes profile image

      ceholmes 8 years ago from Chicago

      This is awesome. I love learning about ayurveda. I an naturally a Vata and I have had great success in health improvements by switching to the Vata diet. I will save this as a fav and send it to my pitta bro. He'd love this. great hub.

    • profile image

      DELIGHT 8 years ago

      Hi it is realy useful.

    • profile image

      sriman 9 years ago

      Information is very useful

    • profile image

      reneng2 9 years ago

      reneng please do not spam the comments section. This page is NOT for junk spam.

    • reneng profile image

      reneng 9 years ago from Singapore

      Do you know the real reason why you are FAT and why most diet may not work for you? The reason may shock you so be prepared.

    • spacebull profile image

      spacebull 10 years ago from Space

      There was an Ayurveda themed talk show on TV the other day and I find the perspective it has on the world interesting.

    • cgull8m profile image

      cgull8m 10 years ago from North Carolina

      Great Post, I read Healthy Body and Healthy Mind by Chopra it was a good book. It makes sense about human body.

    • livelonger profile image

      Jason Menayan 10 years ago from San Francisco

      Thank you so much, SunSeven. Very informative!!!

    • Guru-C profile image

      Cory Zacharia 10 years ago

      Very interesting, SunSeven! I've always wanted to know more about the doshas. Thank you.

    • profile image

      BEEPEE 10 years ago

      Hi Dear, this is so useful and I thank you and appreciate to put such informations online....